Help guide our efforts to modernize
Send us your comments by March 14, 2020. Menu

Penicillamine, Low Copper Diet, and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Glioblastoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00003751
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 18, 2004
Last Update Posted : May 3, 2012
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Penicillamine may stop the growth of glioblastomas by stopping blood flow to the tumor. A diet low in copper may interfere with the growth of brain tumor cells. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining these therapies may be effective in treating glioblastoma.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of penicillamine, a low copper diet, and radiation therapy in treating patients who have newly diagnosed glioblastoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors Drug: penicillamine Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the effect of penicillamine and copper reduction on survival and time to progression in adults with newly diagnosed glioblastoma. II. Determine the effect of penicillamine on the reduction of serum copper in these patients. III. Determine whether penicillamine reduces the tumor volume, vascularity, invasion, and edema in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients receive oral penicillamine on the following schedule: Week 1: once daily Week 2: two times daily Week 3: three times daily Week 4: four times daily Week 5 to end of study: increased dose four times daily. Patients also receive oral pyridoxine daily and maintain a low copper diet (no greater than 0.5 mg/day). This regimen is continued for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Radiotherapy is administered over 6 weeks, beginning on day 1 of penicillamine therapy. Patients are followed every month (with MRI every 2 months) until death.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 40 patients will be accrued for this study.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of Penicillamine and Reduction of Copper for Angiosuppressive Therapy of Adults With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma
Study Start Date : March 1999
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2004
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2005

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven supratentorial grade IV astrocytoma (glioblastoma multiforme)

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Karnofsky 60-100% Life expectancy: At least 2 months Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3000/mm3 Absolute neutrophil count at least 1500/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hemoglobin at least 10.0 g/dL No serious blood dyscrasias Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dL AST and ALT no greater than 4 times upper limit of normal (ULN) Albumin at least 3.0 g/dL PT and PTT no greater than 1.5 times ULN No liver failure Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.7 mg/dL OR BUN no greater than 40 mg/dL No renal failure Other: Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception No serious infection No concurrent serious medical illness No allergy to penicillin or history of serious reaction to penicillamine No prior malignancy within the past 5 years except curatively treated carcinoma in situ or basal cell skin cancer

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No prior immunotherapy for brain tumor No prior biologic therapy for brain tumor, including: Immunotoxins Immunoconjugates Antisense Peptide receptor antagonists Interferons Interleukins Tumor infiltrating lymphocytes Lymphokine activated killer cells Gene therapy No concurrent growth factors (e.g., filgrastim or epoetin alfa) Chemotherapy: No prior chemotherapy for brain tumor Endocrine therapy: Must be on stable corticosteroid regimen for at least 1 week (at least 5 days) No other prior hormonal therapy for brain tumor Radiotherapy: No prior radiotherapy for brain tumor Surgery: Recovered from prior surgery Other: No concurrent investigational agents No concurrent gold compounds (auronofin, gold sodium thiomalate) No concurrent herbal dietary supplements

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00003751

Layout table for location information
United States, Alabama
University of Alabama Comprehensive Cancer Center
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612
United States, Georgia
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins Oncology Center
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
United States, Michigan
Henry Ford Hospital
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48202
United States, North Carolina
Comprehensive Cancer Center of Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27157-1082
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania Cancer Center
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
United States, Texas
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas, United States, 78284
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Layout table for investigator information
Study Chair: Steven Brem, MD H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute

Publications of Results:
Brem S, Grossman SA, New P, et al.: Phase II study of penicillamine and reduction of copper, for angiosuppressive therapy of glioblastoma: preliminary safety and feasibility study. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 19: A-666, 2000.

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins Identifier: NCT00003751    
Other Study ID Numbers: NABTT-9704 CDR0000066872
U01CA062475 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: August 18, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 3, 2012
Last Verified: May 2012
Keywords provided by Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins:
adult glioblastoma
adult giant cell glioblastoma
adult gliosarcoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Neoplasms by Site
Nervous System Diseases
Trace Elements
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protective Agents
Chelating Agents
Sequestering Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antirheumatic Agents