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Theophylline in Treating Cancer Patients With Shortness of Breath

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003684
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 17, 2004
Last Update Posted : April 3, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Canadian Cancer Trials Group ( NCIC Clinical Trials Group )

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Theophylline may help to relieve shortness of breath in patients who have cancer. It is not yet known whether theophylline is more effective than no further treatment for shortness of breath.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to determine the effectiveness of theophylline in treating shortness of breath in patients who have cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pulmonary Complications Quality of Life Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific Drug: theophylline Procedure: quality-of-life assessment Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine whether theophylline will improve the dyspnea rating of patients with cancer who are short of breath and have evidence of respiratory muscle weakness. II. Determine whether this drug will improve the ability to perform daily activities in this group of patients. III. Determine whether this drug will improve objective measures of lung function (e.g., FEV-1, FVC) and maximum inspiratory pressure in these patients. IV. Determine whether the serum theophylline level is related to the magnitude of the effect that is observed in this patient population. V. Determine whether this drug will improve a global rating of quality of life in this patient group.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double blind, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to those who can complete a 6 minute walking test versus those who cannot. Patients receive either oral theophylline or placebo once daily for 3 days. In the absence of dose limiting toxicity (DLT), patients receive an increased dose for an additional 4 days. In the presence of DLT, patients receive a decreased dose or treatment is stopped. Following completion of the 7 day study period, patients may be given the option to continue on active drug or placebo for 1 additional month unless toxic side effects develop. Quality of life is assessed on days 1 and 8 and at the end of the additional 1 month period.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 60 patients (30 in each arm) will be accrued for this study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 3 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: A Phase III Double-Blind Study of Theophylline Versus Placebo for the Treatment of Dyspnea in Cancer Patients
Actual Study Start Date : March 24, 1998
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 15, 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : December 15, 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 120 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically or cytologically proven diagnosis of cancer FEV-1/FVC at least 80% of predicted OR FEV-1/FVC less than 80% AND improvement in FEV-1 less than 15% after using a bronchodilator Maximum inspiratory pressure no greater than -50 cm of water Oximetry at least 90% Rating of dyspnea "moderate" or "severe" on verbal rating scale (VRS) of "none, mild, moderate, or severe" to describe "usual breathlessness" when walking over the past 24 hours Score for pain of "none" or "mild" on a VRS of "none, mild, moderate, or severe" for "unusual pain" over the past 24 hours

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 16 and over Performance status: Not specified Life expectancy: Greater than 10 days Hematopoietic: Hemoglobin at least 8.5 g/dL Hepatic: AST/ALT no greater than 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN) No liver disease Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2 times ULN No kidney disease Cardiovascular: No acute congestive heart failure Greater than 3 months since prior myocardial infarction No coronary artery disease where cardiac stimulation might prove harmful (i.e., no unstable angina) No uncontrolled hypertension Pulmonary: See Disease Characteristics Other: Folstein Mini-Mental Status Exam score of at least 24 Able (i.e., sufficiently fluent) and willing to complete quality of life questionnaire and other assessments in either English or French No history of clinically significant allergy or intolerance to theophylline, aminophylline, or other methylxanthines No active peptic ulcer disease No uncontrolled hyperthyroidism

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: At least 14 days since prior chemotherapy No concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: At least 2 months since prior initiation of hormonal therapy Hormones as appetite stimulant allowed if received for more than 2 weeks No concurrent oral contraceptives Concurrent steroids allowed if taken for at least 1 week prior to study Concurrent inhaled or oral corticosteroids allowed if taken for at least 1 week prior to study No concurrent initiation of a new hormonal manipulation Radiotherapy: At least 28 days since prior radiotherapy that includes the lung in the treatment field No concurrent radiotherapy that includes the lung in the treatment field Surgery: Not specified Other: No concurrent digitalis glycosides, lithium, coumarin anticoagulants, other xanthines, cimetidine, quinolone antibiotics (e.g, ciprofloxacin and norfloxacin), macrolide antibiotics (e.g., erythromycin), fluvoxamine, and calcium channel blockers Concurrent nebulized or inhaled cromolyn, nedocromil, beta2-agonists, ipratropium, opioids, benzodiazepines, oxygen, and diuretics allowed if dose is stable for more than 1 week prior to study No concurrent paracentesis (i.e., thoracentesis) No concurrent blood transfusion

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00003684

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Canada, British Columbia
BC Cancer Agency
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V5Z 4E6
Canada, Ontario
Kingston Regional Cancer Centre
Kingston, Ontario, Canada, K7L 5P9
Algoma District Medical Group
Sault Sainte Marie, Ontario, Canada, P6B 1Y5
Canada, Quebec
Centre Hospitalier de l'Universite de Montreal
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H2W-W1T8
Sponsors and Collaborators
NCIC Clinical Trials Group
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Study Chair: Deborah J. Dudgeon, MD, RN Cancer Research Institute at Queen's University
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Responsible Party: NCIC Clinical Trials Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003684    
Other Study ID Numbers: SC14
CAN-NCIC-SC14 ( Other Identifier: PDQ )
CDR0000066786 ( Other Identifier: PDQ )
First Posted: August 17, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 3, 2020
Last Verified: April 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Canadian Cancer Trials Group ( NCIC Clinical Trials Group ):
unspecified adult solid tumor, protocol specific
pulmonary complications
quality of life
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Bronchodilator Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Respiratory System Agents
Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Vasodilator Agents
Purinergic P1 Receptor Antagonists
Purinergic Antagonists
Purinergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents