Standard Therapy With or Without Dalteparin in Treating Patients With Advanced Breast, Lung, Colorectal, or Prostate Cancer

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: August 19, 2009
Last verified: November 2007

RATIONALE: Dalteparin may be effective in inhibiting the growth of blood vessels in tumors, decreasing the risk of metastatic cancer, preventing the formation of blood clots, and improving quality of life in treating patients with advanced cancer that has not responded to previous treatment. It is not yet known if standard therapy is more effective with or without dalteparin in treating advanced breast, lung, colorectal, and prostate cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized double blinded phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of standard therapy with or without dalteparin in treating patients who have advanced breast, lung, colorectal, or prostate cancer that has not responded to previous chemotherapy or hormone therapy.

Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Lung Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Veno-occlusive Disease
Drug: dalteparin
Procedure: quality-of-life assessment
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase III Double-Blind Trial Comparing Low-Molecular Weight Heparin (LMWH) Versus Placebo in Patients With Advanced Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Estimated Enrollment: 556
Study Start Date: December 1998
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the effect of low molecular weight heparin (dalteparin) plus standard therapy versus standard therapy alone on the overall survival rate of patients with advanced cancers. II. Compare the toxic effects of these regimens and the effect on the quality of life of these patients. III. Assess the incidence of symptomatic thrombotic events such as deep venous thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolus (PE), and clotted catheters in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified according to prognostic index (good vs bad vs unsure), current therapy (systemic vs radiation vs both vs none), age (50 or under vs over 50), disease site (breast vs colon vs small cell lung vs nonsmall cell lung vs prostate), history of prior thrombotic event over 1 year ago (yes vs no), and gender. Patients are randomized to receive low molecular weight heparin (dalteparin) plus standard therapy or standard therapy alone. Patients receive dalteparin by subcutaneous injection once daily plus standard therapy or standard therapy alone. Treatment continues for 1 year in the absence of disease progression and unacceptable toxicity. Quality of life is assessed before treatment, then every month for the first year, and then every 3 months for 2 years. Patients are followed monthly for 1 year, then every 3 months for 2 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 556 patients (278 per arm) will be accrued for this study within 19 months.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically or cytologically proven breast, lung, colorectal, or prostate cancer that has failed prior chemotherapy or hormone therapy No active CNS metastases Hormone receptor status: Not specified

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Menopausal status: Not specified Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: At least 12 weeks Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3500/mm3 Platelet count at least 150,000/mm3 Fibrinogen above lower limits of normal Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) SGOT no greater than 3 times ULN Prothrombin time no greater than 1.5 times ULN Active partial thromboplastin time no greater than 1.5 times ULN Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 times ULN Other: No history of heparin associated thrombocytopenia At least 1 year since prior thromboembolic phenomenon such as deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolus, or clotted catheter No prior intolerance of unfractionated or low molecular weight heparin

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: No concurrent anticoagulation therapy No concurrent enrollment on systemic or radiation therapy study (therapy off study allowed)

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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00003674

United States, Arizona
CCOP - Scottsdale Oncology Program
Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, 85259-5404
United States, Illinois
CCOP - Carle Cancer Center
Urbana, Illinois, United States, 61801
United States, Iowa
CCOP - Cedar Rapids Oncology Project
Cedar Rapids, Iowa, United States, 52403-1206
CCOP - Iowa Oncology Research Association
Des Moines, Iowa, United States, 50309-1016
Siouxland Hematology-Oncology
Sioux City, Iowa, United States, 51101-1733
United States, Kansas
CCOP - Wichita
Wichita, Kansas, United States, 67214-3882
United States, Louisiana
CCOP - Ochsner
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70121
United States, Michigan
CCOP - Ann Arbor Regional
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48106
United States, Minnesota
CCOP - Duluth
Duluth, Minnesota, United States, 55805
Mayo Clinic Cancer Center
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
CentraCare Clinic
Saint Cloud, Minnesota, United States, 56303
United States, Nebraska
CCOP - Missouri Valley Cancer Consortium
Omaha, Nebraska, United States, 68131
United States, North Dakota
Medcenter One Health System
Bismarck, North Dakota, United States, 58501
CCOP - Merit Care Hospital
Fargo, North Dakota, United States, 58122
Altru Health Systems
Grand Forks, North Dakota, United States, 58201
United States, Ohio
CCOP - Toledo Community Hospital Oncology Program
Toledo, Ohio, United States, 43623-3456
United States, Pennsylvania
CCOP - Geisinger Clinic and Medical Center
Danville, Pennsylvania, United States, 17822-2001
United States, South Dakota
Rapid City Regional Hospital
Rapid City, South Dakota, United States, 57709
CCOP - Sioux Community Cancer Consortium
Sioux Falls, South Dakota, United States, 57105-1080
Canada, Saskatchewan
Allan Blair Cancer Centre
Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, S4T 7T1
Sponsors and Collaborators
North Central Cancer Treatment Group
Study Chair: Scott Okuno, MD Mayo Clinic
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided Identifier: NCT00003674     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000066775, NCCTG-979251, NCI-P98-0139
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: August 19, 2009
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage IV colon cancer
stage IV breast cancer
recurrent breast cancer
recurrent non-small cell lung cancer
stage IV rectal cancer
recurrent colon cancer
recurrent rectal cancer
extensive stage small cell lung cancer
recurrent small cell lung cancer
stage IV prostate cancer
recurrent prostate cancer
stage IV non-small cell lung cancer
veno-occlusive disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Neoplasms by Site
Prostatic Diseases
Urogenital Neoplasms
Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight
Cardiovascular Agents
Fibrin Modulating Agents
Fibrinolytic Agents
Hematologic Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Therapeutic Uses processed this record on July 01, 2015