This site became the new on June 19th. Learn more.
Show more Menu IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more... Menu IMPORTANT: Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more... Menu
Give us feedback

Chemotherapy Plus Hormone Therapy Versus Androgen Suppression in Treating Patients With Metastatic or Unresectable Prostate Cancer

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: July 27, 2012
Last verified: July 2012

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining hormone therapy with chemotherapy and androgen suppression may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known which treatment regimen is more effective for prostate cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of chemotherapy plus hormone therapy versus androgen suppression alone as initial therapy in patients with prostate cancer that is metastatic or that cannot be removed surgically.

Condition Intervention Phase
Prostate Cancer Drug: Bicalutamide Drug: Doxorubicin hydrochloride Drug: Estramustine Phosphate Sodium Drug: Flutamide Drug: Ketoconazole Drug: Nilutamide Drug: Therapeutic Hydrocortisone Drug: Vinblastine Procedure: Conventional Surgery Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3 Trial of Androgen Ablation Alone vs. Chemo/Hormonal Therapy as Initial Treatment of Unresectable/Metastatic Adenocarcinoma of the Prostate

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to Progression [ Time Frame: From baseline to post treatment (minimally 24+ weeks) ]

Enrollment: 306
Study Start Date: August 1996
Study Completion Date: June 2005
Primary Completion Date: June 2005 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I
Arm I: Medical or surgical castration followed by an anti-androgen therapy with either flutamide, bicalutamide, or nilutamide.
Drug: Bicalutamide
Other Name: Casodex
Drug: Flutamide
Other Name: Eulexin
Drug: Nilutamide
Other Names:
  • Anandron
  • Nilandron
Procedure: Conventional Surgery
Surgical castration
Other Name: Castration
Experimental: Arm II
Arm II: Chemo/hormonal therapy for 3 x 8-week courses, followed by total androgen blockade. Each course consists of 6 weeks of cytotoxic therapy with doxorubicin, ketoconazole, vinblastine, and estramustine followed by 2 weeks rest. Maintained on hydrocortisone both during treatment and during rest.
Drug: Doxorubicin hydrochloride
Other Names:
  • Adriamycin
  • Adriamycin PFS
  • Adriamycin RDF
  • Rubex
Drug: Estramustine Phosphate Sodium
Other Name: Emcyt
Drug: Ketoconazole
Other Name: Nizoral
Drug: Therapeutic Hydrocortisone
Other Names:
  • A-hydroCort
  • Cortef
  • Cortenema
  • Cortifoam
  • Hydrocortone
  • Solu-Cortef
Drug: Vinblastine
Other Name: Velban

Detailed Description:


  • Determine the clinical benefit, as measured by time to progression and overall survival, of chemo/hormonal therapy compared to androgen ablation alone, when given as the initial systemic treatment in patients with acinar adenocarcinoma of the prostate that is not amenable to local therapy.
  • Validate the clinical significance of PSA criteria for progression.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients are treated with medical or surgical castration followed by an anti-androgen therapy with either flutamide, bicalutamide, or nilutamide.
  • Arm II: Patients receive chemo/hormonal therapy for 3 eight week courses, followed by total androgen blockade. Each course consists of 6 weeks of cytotoxic therapy with doxorubicin, ketoconazole, vinblastine, and estramustine followed by 2 weeks of rest. These patients are also maintained on hydrocortisone both during treatment and during rest.

Patients in arm II have a long-term central venous access device inserted.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 368 patients will be accrued for this study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically proven acinar adenocarcinoma of the prostate
  • Metastatic or locally advanced disease that either is not appropriately treated with surgery or radiation, or has recurred following previous "definitive" local therapy
  • No CNS metastases
  • No histologic subtypes, such as pure ductal or any component of small cell carcinoma
  • Elevated PSA (at least 1.0 ng/mL in patients with prior prostatectomy or 4.0 ng/mL in those with prostate in place)



  • Not specified

Performance status:

  • Zubrod 0-2

Life expectancy:

  • At least 3 years


  • Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm^3


  • Conjugated bilirubin no greater than 0.8 mg/dL or total bilirubin no greater than 1.5 mg/dL
  • Transaminase no greater than 4 times upper limit of normal


  • Creatinine clearance at least 40 mL/min


  • No evidence of bifascicular block on EKG
  • No evidence of active ischemia on EKG
  • No prior history of transient ischemic attack
  • No evidence of congestive heart failure


  • No active peptic ulcer disease
  • No regular use of antacid or H2 blockers
  • No known or predicted achlorhydria
  • No concurrent use of terfenadine, astemizole, omeprazole, or cisapride
  • No second malignancy unless curatively treated
  • No history of deep venous thrombosis
  • No history of pulmonary embolism
  • No serious co-morbidity
  • HIV negative


Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified


  • No prior cytotoxic systemic therapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • Prior androgen deprivation therapy allowed if given for no more than 6 months to downstage primary
  • No androgen deprivation therapy within 1 year prior to study


  • No prior cytotoxic systemic therapy (including systemic strontium-89 irradiation)
  • Prior definitive radiotherapy to the prostate and/or one metastatic site allowed
  • At least 8 weeks since radiotherapy to the pelvis
  • At least 3 weeks since radiotherapy to a single metastatic site


  • Prior prostatectomy allowed


  • No concurrent anti-anginal therapy or aggressive anticoagulants
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00002855

United States, Texas
University of Texas - MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030-4009
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Randall E. Millikan, MD, PhD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00002855     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DM95-231
P30CA016672 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
MDA-DM-95231 ( Other Identifier: UT MD Anderson Cancer Center )
CDR0000065105 ( Registry Identifier: NCI PDQ )
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: July 27, 2012

Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
adenocarcinoma of the prostate
stage III prostate cancer
stage IV prostate cancer
recurrent prostate cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Liposomal doxorubicin
Hydrocortisone 17-butyrate 21-propionate
Cortisol succinate
Hydrocortisone acetate
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents processed this record on July 26, 2017