Surgery With or Without Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Stage I Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: July 2, 2013
Last verified: July 2013
Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of surgery with or without combination chemotherapy in treating patients who have stage I non-small cell lung cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known whether surgery is more effective with or without chemotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Adenocarcinoma of the Lung
Adenosquamous Cell Lung Cancer
Bronchoalveolar Cell Lung Cancer
Large Cell Lung Cancer
Squamous Cell Lung Cancer
Stage IB Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Drug: paclitaxel
Drug: carboplatin
Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 2.4 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    OS curves will be calculated using the Kaplan-Meier life-table method. Comparison of the survival curve for the two treatment regimens will be performed using the log-rank test for censored data.

  • Failure-free survival [ Time Frame: Time between randomization and disease relapse or death, assessed up to 2.4 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Failure-free survival curves will be calculated using the Kaplan-Meier life-table method.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Toxicity as assessed by Common Toxicity Criteria version 2.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year after completion of treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Pattern of disease recurrence. [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The frequency of local and distant relapse and the incidence of a second primary lung cancer will be tabulated by treatment.

Enrollment: 500
Study Start Date: October 1996
Primary Completion Date: July 2004 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Arm I (surgery, observation)
Patients receive no further therapy.
Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
Undergo surgery
Experimental: Arm II (surgery, chemotherapy)
Patients receive adjuvant therapy comprising paclitaxel IV over 3 hours followed by carboplatin IV over 1-2 hours on day 1. Treatment continues every 3 weeks for 4 courses.
Drug: paclitaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anzatax
  • Asotax
  • TAX
  • Taxol
Drug: carboplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Carboplat
  • JM-8
  • Paraplat
  • Paraplatin
Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
Undergo surgery

Detailed Description:


I. To determine if adjuvant chemotherapy can favorably alter the prognosis of the subgroup of resected stage I patients who, following complete surgical resection of their disease, are defined as "high risk" based on the presence of a T2N0 tumor (according to the criteria of the International Staging System for lung cancer).


I To compare failure-free survival of patients with T2N0 stage I NSCLC who have and have not been treated with adjuvant chemotherapy.

II. To determine the toxicities associated with adjuvant chemotherapy. III. To describe the pattern of disease recurrence.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to tumor histology (squamous cell vs nonsquamous cell), degree of differentiation (poorly differentiated vs other), and mediastinal node sampling at surgery (yes vs no). Within 4-8 weeks after surgery, patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

Arm I:Patients receive no further therapy.

Arm II: Patients receive adjuvant therapy comprising paclitaxel IV over 3 hours followed by carboplatin IV over 1-2 hours on day 1. Treatment continues every 3 weeks for 4 courses.

Patients are followed every 4 months for 2 years and then every 6 months thereafter.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically documented non-small cell carcinoma
  • Completely resected T2N0M0 Stage I NSCLC as defined by the International Staging System
  • Surgery shall consist of a lobectomy or pneumonectomy with resection of associated N1 lymph nodes (either by thoracotomy or thoracoscopy)
  • Patients must be randomized within 4 to 8 weeks from the date of complete surgical resection
  • No prior chemotherapy or radiation for non-small cell lung cancer
  • Performance status of 0 or 1
  • Women must be non-pregnant and non-lactating; patients of childbearing potential must agree to use an effective form of contraception while on study
  • Patients must have no history of previous or concomitant malignancy, other than curatively treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix, or basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or surgically treated in situ carcinoma of the breast, or other cancer for which the patient has bee disease free for five years
  • Granulocytes >= 1,800/ul
  • Platelets >= 100,000/ul
  • Bilirubin < 1.5 mg/dl
  • SGOT (AST) < 2.0 x ULN
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00002852

United States, Illinois
Cancer and Leukemia Group B
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60606
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Gary Strauss Cancer and Leukemia Group B
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT00002852     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-02967  CALGB-9633  CDR0000065095  CLB-C9633  U10CA031946 
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: July 2, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Adenocarcinoma, Bronchiolo-Alveolar
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Lung Neoplasms
Bronchial Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Lung Diseases
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms processed this record on February 09, 2016