A Study of Amprenavir in Patients With Protease Inhibitor-Related Complications

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002417
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : June 24, 2005
Information provided by:
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to see if it is safe and effective to give the protease inhibitor (PI) amprenavir (APV) to patients with fat production and distribution problems associated with other PIs.

Protease inhibitors are very effective in treating HIV-1 disease. However, patients who take these drugs often have problems, such as hyperlipidemia (an increased level of fat in the blood) and lipodystrophy (problems with the way fat is produced and distributed in the body). Doctors do not know exactly how PIs are related to these problems. APV has been shown to be safe and effective in lowering plasma viral loads (level of HIV in the blood). APV may be useful for patients who develop complications associated with other PIs.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Infections Drug: Amprenavir Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Protease inhibitors are highly efficacious in the treatment of HIV-1 disease. Current drugs, however, are associated with a high incidence of adverse effects as well as metabolic complications such as lipodystrophy and hyperlipidemia. At the same time, though, a causal relationship linking these complications to the use of protease inhibitors remains to be established. Studies have shown APV to be well tolerated and effective in reducing plasma HIV-1 RNA levels. The safety profile of APV suggests it may offer therapeutic potential in subjects developing intolerance to other protease inhibitors.

Patients receive open-label APV plus at least 2 other antiretroviral drugs. Fasting blood samples and patient medication adherence questionnaires are collected at Weeks 12 and 24. Bodily assessments are collected at Day 1 and Weeks 12 and 24. Hematology, serum chemistry, plasma HIV-1 viral load determination and CD4+ cell count measurements are collected at pre-entry and every 12 weeks for the duration of the study.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: An Open-Label Study to Evaluate the Safety and Tolerance of Amprenavir (141W94) Combination Therapy in Protease Inhibitor Experienced Subjects Who Are Intolerant (Hyperlipidemia With or Without Lipodystrophy) But Not Failing Their Current Protease Inhibitor Therapy

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

Patients must have:

  • Documented HIV-1 infection.
  • Two consecutive (at least 4 weeks apart) screening HIV-1 plasma RNA levels less than or equal to 10,000 copies/ml prior to open-label drug administration.
  • Hyperlipidemia with or without lipodystrophy (Grade 1-4 toxicity for triglycerides or total cholesterol), be intolerant to standard protease inhibitor therapy and, in the judgment of the physician, be unable to construct a viable treatment regimen without APV.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following symptoms and conditions are excluded:

  • Renal failure requiring dialysis.
  • Hepatic failure.
  • Serious medical conditions such as diabetes, congestive heart failure, cardiomyopathy, or other cardiac dysfunction which, in the opinion of the investigator, would compromise the safety of the patient.
  • Malabsorption syndrome or other gastrointestinal dysfunction, which might interfere with drug absorption or render the patient unable to take oral medication.

Concurrent Treatment:


Concomitant use of another protease inhibitor.

Patients with the following prior condition are excluded:

Clinically relevant history of pancreatitis or hepatitis within the last 6 months.

Prior Treatment:


Previous treatment with APV.

Risk Behavior:


Patients currently using alcohol or illicit drugs which, in the investigator's opinion, may interfere with the patient's ability to comply with the requirements of the study.


Prior treatment with at least one protease inhibitor.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00002417

United States, North Carolina
Glaxo Wellcome Inc
Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States, 27709
Sponsors and Collaborators
Glaxo Wellcome Identifier: NCT00002417     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 264J
First Posted: August 31, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 24, 2005
Last Verified: April 1999

Keywords provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:
Drug Therapy, Combination
HIV Protease Inhibitors
VX 478

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Skin Diseases, Metabolic
Skin Diseases
Protease Inhibitors
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antitubercular
Antitubercular Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents