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A Study of Saquinavir and Zalcitabine, Used Alone and Together, in the Treatment of Advanced HIV Infection in Patients Who Stopped Taking or Who Cannot Take Zidovudine

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service Identifier:
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: February 1995
To compare the safety, tolerance, and efficacy of saquinavir mesylate (Ro 31-8959) alone, zalcitabine (dideoxycytidine; ddC) alone, and both in combination, in patients discontinuing or unable to take zidovudine (AZT).

Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections Drug: Saquinavir Drug: Zalcitabine Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Multicenter, Parallel Study of Ro 31-8959 (Saquinavir; HIV Proteinase Inhibitor) Alone, HIVID (Dideoxycytidine; Zalcitabine, ddC) Alone, and Both in Combination, as Treatment for Advanced HIV Infection (CD4 50-300 Cells/mm3) in Patients Discontinuing or Unable to Take Retrovir (Zidovudine; AZT) Therapy

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:

Estimated Enrollment: 900
Detailed Description:
Patients are randomized to one of three treatment regimens: ddC alone, Ro 31-8959 alone, and ddC plus Ro 31-8959. Treatment continues for at least 48 weeks. Patients are stratified by baseline CD4 count. (Per 09/26/94 amendment, a fourth arm, lower dose Ro 31-8959 plus ddC, was discontinued.)

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:


  • G-CSF and erythropoietin.
  • Prophylaxis or chronic suppression/maintenance therapy with dapsone, aerosolized pentamidine, isoniazid, rifampin, fluoroquinolones, pyrazinamide, ethambutol, fluconazole, itraconazole, acyclovir, clotrimazole, nystatin, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, pyrimethamine, folic acid, sulfadiazine, clindamycin, and fansidar.

Concurrent Treatment:


  • Limited localized radiation therapy to the skin.

Patients must have:

  • Documented HIV infection.
  • CD4 count 50 - 300 cells/mm3.
  • Received prior AZT that has been discontinued at least 28 days prior to study entry.
  • No active opportunistic infection requiring immediate treatment.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:

  • Signs or symptoms of peripheral neuropathy.
  • Malabsorption or inadequate oral intake (defined as unable to eat one or more meals daily because of chronic nausea, emesis, or abdominal/oral-esophageal discomfort.
  • Malignancy, visceral Kaposi's sarcoma, or lymphoma requiring systemic chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy within the next 48 weeks.
  • Any grade 3 or worse laboratory or clinical abnormality.
  • Inability to comply with protocol requirements.

Concurrent Medication:


  • Other antiretroviral drugs.
  • Experimental drugs.
  • Nephrotoxic or hepatotoxic drugs.
  • Drugs likely to cause peripheral neuropathy.
  • Antineoplastic agents.
  • Biologic response modifiers.

Concurrent Treatment:


  • Radiation therapy other than limited localized therapy to skin.

Patients with the following prior conditions are excluded:

  • History of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Unexplained fever >= 38.5 C (101.5 F) persisting for 14 days or longer within the 28 days prior to study entry.
  • Unexplained, chronic diarrhea (defined as 3 or more loose stools daily) persisting for 14 days or longer within the 28 days prior to study entry.
  • History of grade 2 or worse peripheral neuropathy.

Prior Medication:


  • Prior HIV proteinase inhibitor.
  • Prior antiretroviral therapy other than AZT.
  • Acute therapy for opportunistic infection within 14 days prior to study entry.

Prior Treatment:


  • More than 3 units of blood in any 21-day period within 3 months prior to study entry.


  • Prior AZT.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00002333

  Show 47 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hoffmann-La Roche
  More Information

Publications: Identifier: NCT00002333     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 229A
NV 14256B
NV 14256A
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: June 23, 2005

Keywords provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:
Drug Therapy, Combination
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
AIDS-Related Complex
HIV Protease Inhibitors

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Communicable Diseases
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors processed this record on September 21, 2017