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Vasodilation in Patients With Fabry's Disease

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001774
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 10, 2002
Last Update Posted : March 4, 2008
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:

Fabry's disease a genetic disorder (X-linked recessive) due to the absence of the enzyme alpha-galactosidase A. The disease is characterized by abnormal collections of glycolipids in cells (histiocytes) within blood vessel walls, tumors on the thighs, buttocks, and genitalia, decreased sweating, tingling sensations in the extremities, and cataracts. Patients with Fabry 's disease die from complications of the kidney, heart, or brain.

The objective of this study is to test the belief that patients with Fabry's disease have a problem with blood vessels becoming larger. The walls of blood vessels contain muscles that when they relax the vessel becomes larger. This process is referred to as vasodilation. It is controlled by a substance released by cells in blood vessels called EDRF (endothelium-derived relaxing factor).

Several drugs can affect vasodilation. Researchers believe some drugs may work by blocking the affect of EDRF. Researchers would like to test the effects of these drugs on the blood vessels of normal volunteers and patients with Fabry's disease.

Condition or disease
Cerebrovascular Accident Fabry Disease Healthy

Detailed Description:
Fabry disease is a systematic genetic disease in which patients have abnormal blood vessels, and leads to numerous complications including cerebrovascular strokes. The objective of this study is to test the hypothesis that patients with Fabry disease have abnormal endothelial-derived vasodilation. If found to be abnormal, endothelial-derived vasodilation will serve as a useful clinical outcome measure in the evaluation of the efficacy of specific treatment of Fabry disease, and possibly of other causes of cerebrovascular stroke. The endothelium modulates vascular tone by the release of contracting and relaxing substances that act on the underlying smooth muscle. It has been previously demonstrated that patients with essential hypertension have a blunted vascular response to acetylcholine (an endothelium-dependent vasodilator). In the present study, we shall analyze the regional vascular responses to acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside alone, and in the presence of L-NMMA (an inhibitor of the synthesis of EDRF by endothelial cells) in 12 patients with Fabry disease and 12 normal age matched control subjects. We will infuse drugs into the brachial artery and will measure the responses of the forearm vasculature by means of strain gauge plethysmography. Forearm blood flow and vascular resistance at baseline and after infusion of vasoactive drugs, in Fabry patients, will be compared to the responses obtained in the healthy control population. This study will be performed with collaboration of Dr. Julio A. Panza, Senior Clinical Investigator from the Cardiology Branch, NHLBI.

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Study Type : Observational
Enrollment : 48 participants
Official Title: An Investigation of Endothelium-Derived Vasodilation in Patients With Fabry's Disease
Study Start Date : October 1997
Study Completion Date : October 2000

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Male patients with the classic form of Fabry disease, aged 18-50.

Normal male volunteers of the same approximate age will be included as a control.

No patients or volunteers with hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes, peripheral vascular disease, coagulopathy, or any other disease predisposing to vasculitis or Raynaud's phenomenon.

No volunteers who are taking any kind of medication.

Must be able to give informed consent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00001774

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United States, Maryland
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001774    
Other Study ID Numbers: 980013
First Posted: December 10, 2002    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
Last Verified: November 1999
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Blood Flow
Blood vessel
Sodium Nitroprusside
Fabry Disease
Normal Volunteer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Fabry Disease
Lysosomal Storage Diseases, Nervous System
Brain Diseases, Metabolic, Inborn
Brain Diseases, Metabolic
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Cerebral Small Vessel Diseases
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Lipid Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Lysosomal Storage Diseases
Metabolic Diseases
Lipid Metabolism Disorders