Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIg) for the Treatment of Stiff-Man Syndrome (SMS)
Stiff-man Syndrome (SMS) is a chronic, progressive disorder of the nervous system. It is associated with painful muscle spasms and rigidity involving muscles of the limbs, trunk, and neck. The cause of the disease is unknown, but researchers believe it may be a result of an autoimmune process. Patients with Stiff-man Syndrome may produce antibodies that attack enzymes required for the normal function of the nervous system.
Steroids, plasmapheresis, and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) have been given to relieve some of the symptoms of Stiff-man Syndrome. However, none of these therapies have proven to be significantly effective.
This study will attempt to determine the effectiveness of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) for the treatment of Stiff-mann Syndrome. Patients participating in this study will be divided into two groups. Group one will receive 2 injections of IVIg once a month for three months. Group two will receive 2 injections of placebo "inactive sterile water" once a month for three months. Following the three months of treatment, group one will begin taking the placebo and group two will begin taking IVIg for an additional 3 months. The drug will be considered effective if patients receiving it experience a significant improvement in muscle function, mobility, and stiffness.
|Study Design:||Primary Purpose: Treatment|
|Official Title:||The Efficacy of High-Dose Intravenous Immunoglobulin Therapy in Patients With Stiff-Man Syndrome: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial|
|Study Start Date:||April 1996|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||May 2002|
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00001550
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|