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Assessment of Patients With Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00001156
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 4, 1999
Last Update Posted : July 2, 2017
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of the nervous system. The exact cause of MS is unknown, but it is believed to be an autoimmune condition. Autoimmune conditions are diseases that cause the body's immune system and natural defenses to attack healthy cells. In the case of MS, the immune system begins attacking myelin, the cells that make up the sheath covering nerves. Without myelin, nerves are unable to transmit signals effectively and symptoms occur.

This study is directed toward a better understanding of the cause of Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Researchers will evaluate patients with a tentative diagnosis of MS or other neurological diseases possibly caused by a immunological reaction. Patients will undergo a series of three MRIs, taken once a month for three months and submit blood samples for immunological studies.

Condition or disease
Herpesviridae Infection HTLV-I Infection Multiple Sclerosis Tropical Spastic Paraparesis Vasculitis

Detailed Description:
The Neuroimmunology Branch (NIB) conducts research into the cause of immunologically mediated diseases of the nervous system such as multiple sclerosis (MS). The studies in the NIB range for studies of the natural history of MS to trials of new experimental therapies. In order to recruit patients into the various NIB research studies, patients with a tentative diagnosis are initially seen by the NIB to assess the accuracy of the diagnosis and to assess the level of disease activity occurring in the patient. Patients seen under the NIB screening protocol are evaluated in clinic with a complete neurological examination. Blood studies necessary to eliminate the possibility of many other causes of disease that may resemble MS are performed. Spinal fluid examination may be preformed if uncertainty exists with respect to the diagnosis. Finally, patients will have at least one MRI preformed to assess the consistency with MRI findings expected in MS. Most patients will have a series of three MRIs done approximately one month apart in order to assess the frequency of new contrast enhancing lesions occurring in the patient. The level of disease on MRI is important both from the standpoint of diagnosis as well as determining if the patient may be eligible for any other NIB protocols. To assess the patient's eligibility for other NIB studies, the NIB may periodically follow patients in whom the diagnosis is uncertain or in whom the level of disease activity is not clear for the initial evaluation.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 1388 participants
Official Title: Combined Clinical, Immunological and Virological Assessment of Patients With Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Study Start Date : January 23, 1976
Study Completion Date : February 1, 2010

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Diagnosis of possible MS.

Age between 18 and 75.


Clinically significant medical condition other than MS that could cause neurological dysfunction.

Currently enrolled in an experimental study.

Medical contraindication for MRI.

Psychological contraindications for MRI.

Unable to provide informed consent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00001156

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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00001156    
Other Study ID Numbers: 760021
First Posted: November 4, 1999    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 2, 2017
Last Verified: February 1, 2010
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Tropical Spastic Paraplegia
Epstein-Barr Virus
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Immunity to Viruses
Multiple Sclerosis
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Communicable Diseases
Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic
HTLV-I Infections
Herpesviridae Infections
Muscle Spasticity
Multiple Sclerosis
Paraparesis, Spastic
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Muscular Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Muscle Hypertonia
Neuromuscular Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Deltaretrovirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases