Safety and Effectiveness of Anti-HIV Vaccines in HIV-Negative Adults

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00000904
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : May 18, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to find out whether three different anti-HIV vaccines are safe and whether they help prevent HIV infection. These vaccines are called vCP205, vCP1433, and vCP1452. Some patients also receive another anti-HIV vaccine, gp160. The vaccines are made up of small pieces of HIV, which help the body learn to recognize and destroy HIV. You cannot get HIV from these vaccines.

There are two different ways a vaccine can protect the body from infection. First, a vaccine may help the immune system make antibodies, which are proteins that recognize invading viruses or bacteria. Second, a vaccine may help the body make immune cells that destroy infected cells. The second type of vaccine is more powerful against HIV. In this study, doctors will see whether vCP205, vCP1433, vCP1452, and gp160 are good vaccines by seeing whether they help the body make immune cells.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Infections Biological: ALVAC(2)120(B,MN)GNP (vCP1452) Biological: gp160 MN/LAI-2 Biological: ALVAC(1)120(B,MN)GNP (vCP1433) Biological: ALVAC-HIV MN120TMG (vCP205) Biological: ALVAC-RG Rabies Glycoprotein (vCP65) Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Previous studies in humans have shown that immunization with certain vaccine combinations (that is, ALVAC-HIV construct and an envelope subunit vaccine) can elicit CTL activity, antibody-dependent cellular toxicity (ADCC), neutralizing antibodies, and other antibody responses more often and at higher levels than either vaccine alone. This study examines improved vaccine candidates that can elicit broader, longer-lasting CTL activity in the majority of vaccine recipients.

Volunteers are randomized to one of four groups. Group I receives vCP205. Group II receives vCP1433. Group III receives vCP1452. Group IV receives an ALVAC rabies vaccine, as a control. Immunizations are administered at Months 0, 1, 3, and 6. At Months 3 and 6, patients in Groups I, II, and III also receive gp160 MN/LAI-2, the subunit boost vaccine. Group IV receives another placebo vaccine. Participants have regular clinic visits and blood is drawn to determine humoral and cellular immune responses to the vaccines. [AS PER AMENDMENT 10/23/98: A cell-mediated immunity substudy has been added at selected institutions following the fourth vaccination at 6 months; this study will assess the newer assays of CD8+ T cells and the kinetic response following immunization. The 6-month immunization may be rescheduled by up to 14 days to accommodate clinical, laboratory, or volunteer scheduling issues.] [AS PER AMENDMENT 6/17/99: Three study arms are added. Group V receives vCP1452 at Months 0,1,3, and 6. Group VI receives vCP205 at Months 0,1,3, and 6. Group VII receives placebo at Months 0,1,3, and 6. Patients in Groups V, VI, and VII do not receive the subunit boost, gp160 MN/LAI-2. Consenting volunteers enrolled in the three new groups at Johns Hopkins University undergo PET scanning as part of an ancillary study.]

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 100 participants
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase I Trial to Compare the Safety and Immunogenicity of the Live Recombinant Canarypox ALVAC-HIV Vaccines, vCP205, vCP1433, and vCP1452, in HIV-1 Uninfected Adult Volunteers
Actual Study Completion Date : August 1999

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria

You may be eligible for this study if you:

  • Are 18-60 years old.
  • Are HIV-negative and are in good health.
  • Have a CD4 count of at least 400 cells/mm3.
  • Test negative for hepatitis B.
  • Agree to use effective methods of birth control for 1 month before and during the study.

Exclusion Criteria

You will not be eligible for this study if you:

  • Are at high risk for being infected with HIV (risky sex behavior or injection drug use within 12 months prior to study entry).
  • Have a serious medical condition, or if you have had chronic sickness, diseases of the immune system, or cancer that was not cured through surgery.
  • Have a serious psychiatric condition or if you have been suicidal.
  • Have a work commitment that would keep you from completing the study.
  • Have syphilis or tuberculosis.
  • Are allergic to eggs, neomycin, vaccines, or have ever had severe allergic reactions.
  • Have taken certain medicines, including medicines that affect the immune system or experimental medicines.
  • Have participated in another HIV vaccine trial.
  • Have received any vaccines within 2 weeks of study entry.
  • Have received a blood transfusion within 6 months prior to study entry.
  • Are pregnant or breast-feeding.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00000904

United States, Alabama
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
United States, Maryland
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21205
United States, Missouri
St. Louis Univ. School of Medicine AVEG
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
United States, New York
Univ. of Rochester AVEG
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt Univ. Hosp. AVEG
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
United States, Washington
UW - Seattle AVEG
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98104
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Study Chair: David Schwartz Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Study Chair: Clayton Harro Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier: NCT00000904     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AVEG 034
10583 ( Registry Identifier: DAIDS ES Registry Number )
First Posted: August 31, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 18, 2012
Last Verified: May 2012

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Vaccines, Synthetic
Viral Vaccines
HIV Antibodies
HIV Envelope Protein gp160
AIDS Vaccines
T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic
HIV Seronegativity
Antibody Formation
Genetic Vectors
HIV Preventive Vaccine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Interferon Inducers
Radiation-Protective Agents
Protective Agents