A Study on the Effect of Chemotherapy Combined With Anti-HIV Drugs in HIV-Positive Patients
The purpose of this study is to determine the safety of anti-HIV drugs combined with low-dose chemotherapy (consisting of cyclophosphamide [CTX]) in HIV-positive patients. This study examines whether this combination therapy can reduce the number of HIV-infected cells hidden in the lymph nodes and blood.
Current anti-HIV drug treatments can greatly reduce the levels of HIV in the human body. However, HIV can hide in certain immune cells and escape the drugs' effects. Chemotherapy using CTX destroys these immune cells. When used with standard anti-HIV drug treatments, CTX may be able to speed up the elimination of HIV-infected cells.
|HIV Infections||Drug: Nelfinavir mesylate Drug: Lamivudine Drug: Filgrastim Drug: Stavudine Drug: Cyclophosphamide||Phase 1|
|Study Design:||Primary Purpose: Treatment|
|Official Title:||Effect of Cytoreductive Chemotherapy Combined With Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy on Lymph Node HIV DNA in HIV-Infected Subjects|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2001|
HAART is a potent suppressor of plasma and lymph node HIV RNA. However, studies suggest that HAART cannot significantly diminish reservoirs of chronically HIV-infected cells. Strategies designed to eradicate all HIV infection should seek to actively target these reservoirs. CTX administration has been shown to eliminate a large number of lymphoid tissue T cells and macrophages, appearing to actively target chronically HIV-infected cells. As lymphoid organs are repopulated following initial depletion with CTX, HAART may protect repopulating cells from becoming HIV-infected, resulting in a net additional removal of the HIV-infected lymphoid reservoir.
In Step 1 of this 2-step protocol, all patients receive a HAART regimen of nelfinavir (NFV) plus stavudine (d4T) plus lamivudine (3TC). Patients who achieve an acceptable virologic response, defined as 2 consecutive HIV RNA determinations below 500 copies/ml at least 2 weeks apart between Weeks 4 and 16 of Step 1 [AS PER AMENDMENT 10/30/98: defined as 2 consecutive plasma HIV RNA determinations below 50 copies/ml by the Roche Ultrasensitive assay within a 4-week period between Weeks 4 and 24], are randomized to Arm A or B of Step 2. In Arm A, patients receive NFV plus d4T plus 3TC. In Arm B, patients receive NFV plus d4T plus 3TC plus 3 escalating doses of CTX at 6-week intervals. Patients in both arms are followed for at least 52 weeks following randomization to Step 2. During this time, patients undergo blood tests and lymph node biopsies to measure HIV DNA and RNA levels and to characterize the T cell population. Additionally, patients undergo a chest CT of the thymus before randomization to Step 2 and at Week 52 of Step 2. Cerebrospinal fluid may be obtained at Week 52 to determine the amount of HIV RNA and DNA present. [AS PER AMENDMENT 10/30/98: G-CSF is given after the first dose of CTX, at the discretion of the investigator, and after the second and third doses, for up to 14 days, until the absolute neutrophil count is 10,000 cells/mm3. Also, CTX doses may be modified based on pharmacokinetic study results.]
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00000899
|United States, North Carolina|
|Univ of North Carolina|
|Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 275997215|
|Duke Univ Med Ctr|
|Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710|
|Study Chair:||John A. Bartlett, MD||Duke Univ Med Ctr|