Discussing Stopping Cancer Screening and Prognosis With Older Adults
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03480282|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : March 29, 2018
Last Update Posted : July 30, 2021
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Cancer Screening||Other: Prognosis information and Provider Scripts||Not Applicable|
The American Cancer Society and the American Board of Internal Medicine Choosing Wisely Campaign recommend clinicians not screen older adults who have <10 year life expectancy for breast (specific to women) or colorectal cancer (CRC). This is because these patients have little chance of experiencing the life prolonging benefits of cancer screening and instead may only experience harm from being screened. The most concerning harm of cancer screening is overdiagnosis - the diagnosis and treatment of cancers that otherwise would not have caused problems in an older adult's lifetime. Despite this, around half of adults >75 years with <10 year life expectancy are regularly screened for cancer. One reason for the overuse of these tests is that PCPs feel uncomfortable discussing stopping screening with older adults since it requires estimating and discussing patient prognosis. Some PCPs admit to recommending cancer screening to older adults with short life expectancy simply to avoid talking to patients about prognosis. However, by avoiding these discussions, PCPs may be impeding older adults' ability to make informed decisions about their care and may be putting patients at risk of the harms of cancer screening without any chance of benefit. Therefore, the investigators aim to interview PCPs and older adults about their thoughts and feelings on how PCPs may discuss older adults' prognosis in the context of talking about stopping cancer screening. Based on those findings, the investigators will develop strategies for PCPs to use to approach these discussions and will draft scripts to suggest language for PCPs to use when communicating about prognosis when recommending stopping cancer screening. Then, the investigators will study if providing PCPs with these scripts and information about their patients' prognosis is useful. Specifically, the investigators will provide 45 PCPs with information about their patients' prognosis and the example scripts before a clinic visit for up to 5 of their patients. The investigators aim to recruit 90 patients with approximately 5-10 year life expectancy. The investigators will interview PCPs and older adults after these visits to learn how and/or if the prognostic information and the scripts were used. These data are essential for improving the quality of PCP discussions around stopping cancer screening and will ultimately improve the care of older adults.
- To learn from PCPs and older adults about how to discuss patient prognosis when recommending stopping cancer screening and to develop strategies for having these discussions.
- To study whether providing information on patient prognosis and scripts for discussing patient prognosis when recommending stopping cancer screening are useful to PCPs and older adults.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||90 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Primary Purpose:||Health Services Research|
|Official Title:||Discussing Stopping Cancer Screening and Prognosis With Older Adults|
|Actual Study Start Date :||October 3, 2017|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||October 1, 2019|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||October 3, 2024|
Experimental: Prognosis Information and Provider Scripts
Investigators will send the PCP via secure email the patient's prognosis calculated by the Lee-Schonberg index three days before the patient visit. Investigators will also send PCPs information on patient life expectancy from Cho et al.'s US life tables and scripts developed to sensitively include information on patient prognosis when recommending patients stop being screened for cancer. After five of their patients have participated or recruitment goals are met, investigators will ask PCPs to complete a 10 minute web-based questionnaire about their experience.
Other: Prognosis information and Provider Scripts
An individualized report including each patient's prognosis will be calculated by the Lee-Schonberg and will include information on patient life expectancy from Cho et al.'s US life tables. This report will be sent to the PCP three days before the patient visit. Example scripts for PCPs to use with patients when discussing life expectancy and stopping cancer screening will be sent with the patient prognostic information.
- Intentions to be screened [ Time Frame: 1 week ]The investigators will use the paired t-test (or Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test when data are not normal) to examine the effect of the intervention on participants' intentions to be screened.
- Discussion of stopping cancer screening and prognosis [ Time Frame: 1 week ]The investigators will report how many patients reported that their PCPs discussed stopping cancer screening and/or their prognosis
- Perception of discussions [ Time Frame: 1 week ]The investigators will report the patient perceptions of conversations that they had with their PCPs about stopping cancer screening and/or their prognosis
- Prognostic information acceptability [ Time Frame: 1 week ]The investigators will report whether PCPs found prognostic information useful and/or helpful [very, somewhat, a little, not at all] after using the intervention.
- PCP Facilitators [ Time Frame: 1 week ]The investigators will examine facilitators noted by PCPs when using the prognostic tools and scripts to discuss stopping cancer screening and life expectancy with older adult patients.
- PCP Barriers [ Time Frame: 1 week ]The investigators will examine barriers noted by PCPs when using the prognostic tools and scripts to discuss stopping cancer screening and life expectancy with older adult patients.
- Difference in PCP experiences [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]The investigators will report differences by sex and practice site (BIDMC/APG) of PCPs by using a chi-square test.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03480282
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215|
|BIDMC Affiliated Physicians Group|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215|
|Principal Investigator:||Mara A Schonberg, MD, MPH||Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center|