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Magrolimab Monotherapy or Magrolimab in Combination With Azacitidine in Participants With Hematological Malignancies

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03248479
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 14, 2017
Last Update Posted : November 24, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gilead Sciences

Brief Summary:

The primary objectives of this study are:

  • To confirm the safety and tolerability of magrolimab monotherapy in a relapsed/refractory (R/R) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) population, and of magrolimab in combination with azacitidine in previously untreated participants with AML or MDS and participants with R/R AML and MDS
  • To evaluate the efficacy of magrolimab monotherapy in R/R AML/MDS, and of magrolimab in combination with azacitidine in previously untreated participants with AML/MDS, or R/R AML/MDS as measured by complete remission (CR) rate for participants with AML and higher-risk MDS, and duration of complete response for participants with AML and higher-risk MDS, and duration of CR for participants with AML and higher-risk MDS
  • To evaluate the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of magrolimab monotherapy or combination with azacitidine in low-risk MDS participants as measured by red blood cell (RBC) transfusion independence rate

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hematological Malignancies Drug: Magrolimab Drug: Azacitidine Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 287 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1b Trial of Magrolimab Monotherapy or Magrolimab in Combination With Azacitidine in Patients With Hematological Malignancies
Actual Study Start Date : September 8, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Azacitidine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: R/R Safety Cohort
Participants will receive 1 mg/kg magrolimab twice weekly for Cycle 1 Week 1 (Day 1 and 4); 15 mg/kg on Cycle 1 Day 8; 30 mg/kg on Cycle 1 Days 11 and 15; and 30 mg/kg weekly thereafter starting Cycle 3 up to end of the study.
Drug: Magrolimab
Administered intravenously
Other Name: Hu5F9-G4

Experimental: R/R Expansion Cohort:
Participants will receive 1 mg/kg magrolimab twice weekly for Cycle 1 Week 1 (Day 1 and Day 4); 15 mg/kg on Cycle 1 Day 8; 30 mg/kg on Cycle 1 Days 11 and 15; 30 mg/kg weekly on Cycle 1 Day 22 through end of Cycle 2, then 30 mg/kg every 2 weeks starting Cycle 3 up to end of the study + azacitidine 75 mg/m^2 on Days 1 to 7 of each cycle.
Drug: Magrolimab
Administered intravenously
Other Name: Hu5F9-G4

Drug: Azacitidine
Administered according to region-specific drug labeling either subcutaneously or intravenously
Other Name: VIDAZA

Experimental: R/R MDS Magrolimab Monotherapy Cohort
Participants will receive 1 mg/kg magrolimab on Cycle 1 (Days 1, 4); 15 mg/kg on Cycle 1 Day 8; 30 mg/kg on Cycle 1 Day 11, 15, 22, weekly on Cycle 2, and then biweekly starting Cycle 3 up to end of the study.
Drug: Magrolimab
Administered intravenously
Other Name: Hu5F9-G4

Experimental: Treatment-naive Unfit (TNU) Dose Evaluation Cohort
Participants will receive 1 mg/kg magrolimab on Cycle 1 (Days 1, 4); 15 mg/kg on Cycle 1 Day 8; 30 mg/kg on Cycle 1 Day 11, 15, 22, and then weekly starting Cycle 2 up to end of the study + azacitidine 75 mg/m^2 on Days 1 to 7 of each cycle.
Drug: Magrolimab
Administered intravenously
Other Name: Hu5F9-G4

Drug: Azacitidine
Administered according to region-specific drug labeling either subcutaneously or intravenously
Other Name: VIDAZA

Experimental: Treatment-naive Unfit (TNU) Dose Expansion Cohort
Participants will receive 1 mg/kg magrolimab twice weekly for Cycle 1; 15 mg/kg weekly for Cycle 1 Day 8; 30 mg/kg weekly through end of cycle 2; and then 30 mg/kg every 2 weeks starting Cycle 3 up to end of the study + azacitidine 75 mg/m^2 on Days 1 to 7 of each cycle.
Drug: Magrolimab
Administered intravenously
Other Name: Hu5F9-G4

Drug: Azacitidine
Administered according to region-specific drug labeling either subcutaneously or intravenously
Other Name: VIDAZA

Experimental: RBC transfusion-dependent low-risk MDS, Safety Run-in Phase
Participants will receive 1 mg/kg magrolimab on Cycle 1 Day 1; 30 mg/kg on Cycle 1 Days 8, 15, and 22; and 60 mg/kg every 4 weeks starting on Cycle 2 Day 1 and thereafter up to end of the study. For participants who do not respond after Cycle 2, azacitidine 75 mg/m^2 may be added on subsequent cycles (ie starting at Cycle 3) on Days 1 to 5 of each cycle.
Drug: Magrolimab
Administered intravenously
Other Name: Hu5F9-G4

Drug: Azacitidine
Administered according to region-specific drug labeling either subcutaneously or intravenously
Other Name: VIDAZA

Experimental: RBC transfusion-dependent low-risk MDS, Expansion Phase

Participants will receive 1 mg/kg magrolimab on Cycle 1 Day 1; at 30 mg/kg on Cycle 1 Days 8, 15, and 22; and 60 mg/kg every 4 starting on Cycle 2 Day 1 and thereafter up to end of the study + azacitidine 75 mg/m^2 on Days 1 to 5 of each cycle.

Based on Clinical Trial Steering Committee (CTSC) evaluation of the safety cohort, the expansion cohort may be treated with magrolimab monotherapy or magrolimab+azacitidine and the magrolimab 60 mg/kg may be changed to a lower dosing regimen along with a change in dose interval.

Drug: Magrolimab
Administered intravenously
Other Name: Hu5F9-G4

Drug: Azacitidine
Administered according to region-specific drug labeling either subcutaneously or intravenously
Other Name: VIDAZA

Experimental: Rollover
Participants on a previous AML Phase 1 trial (SCI-CD47-002; NCT02678338) with clinical benefit on magrolimab treatment will receive the same dose level (0.1 mg/kg up to 30.0mg/kg based on the cohort to which the participant was assigned) twice weekly or may transition to once weekly dosing at the discretion of the Investigator and approval from Gilead.
Drug: Magrolimab
Administered intravenously
Other Name: Hu5F9-G4




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participant Experiencing Adverse Events [ Time Frame: First dose date up to 4 years ]
  2. Complete Remission (CR) Rate For Participants With AML [ Time Frame: Up to 4 years ]
    The CR rate is the proportion of participants who achieved CR, as defined by the Investigator based on European Leukemia Net (ELN) AML recommendations.

  3. RBC Transfusion Independence Rate for Participants with Low-Risk MDS [ Time Frame: Up to 8 weeks ]
    RBC transfusion independence rate is defined by the lack of RBC transfusions for at least an 8 week consecutive period at any time after starting therapy.

  4. Complete Remission Rate for Participants with MDS [ Time Frame: Up to 4 years ]
    The CR rate is the proportion of MDS participants who reach morphologic CR while on study per International Working Group (IWG) 2006 criteria

  5. Duration of Complete Remission (DCR) in Participants with AML and MDS [ Time Frame: Up to 4 years ]

    For AML participants: The DCR will be measured from the time measurement criteria are first met for CR (including morphologic CR, complete remission without minimal residual disease (CRMRD-), cytogenetic complete remission (cCR), and molecular complete remission (mCR) until the first date that recurrent disease or death within 8 weeks of the last response assessment with evidence of no disease recurrence is objectively documented.

    For MDS participants: The DCR will be measured from the time measurement criteria are first met for CR until the first date that recurrent disease or death within 8 weeks of the last response assessment with evidence of no disease recurrence is objectively documented



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Serum Concentration for Magrolimab [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]
    • R/R and TN/U Cohorts: Pre-magrolimab infusion: Cycle 1 Days 1, 8, 15 & 22, Cycle 2 Days 1 & 8, every other cycle beginning with Cycle 3-Cycle 13 Day 1, End of Treatment (EOT) (after last dose of magrolimab or within 7 days of EOT decision), Safety Follow up Visit (SFU) (30 days after last dose of magrolimab); 1 hour (± 15 minutes) post magrolimab infusion: Cycle 1 Days 1 & 8, Cycle 2 Day 1, every other cycle Cycle 3-Cycle 13 Day 1
    • RBC MDS Cohort: Pre-magrolimab infusion: Cycle 1 Days 1, 8 & 15, Cycle 2 Days 1 & 15, every other cycle Day 1 beginning with Cycle 3 through Cycle 7 and then every third cycle through Cycle 13 Day 1; EOT; SFU; 15 minutes (± 15 minutes) post magrolimab infusion: Cycle 2 Day 1
    • Cycle length is 28 days
    • Infusion Duration: 3 hours (± 30 minutes) for 1mg/kg; 2 hours for 15 mg/kg, 30 mg/kg and 60 mg/kg

  2. Percentage of Participants who Developed Anti-Magrolimab Antibodies [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]

    R/R, TN/U Expansion, R/R MDS Cohorts: Before study drug (magrolimab or azacitidine), within 72 hours for initial dose and within 24 hours for subsequent doses Cycle 1 Days 1 and 8, Cycle 2 Day 1, Cycle 3-13 every 2 cycles Day 1, EOT (after last dose or within 7 days of EOT decision), SFU (30 days after last dose of magrolimab)

    RBC MDS Cohort: Before study drug (magrolimab or azacitidine), within 72 hours for initial dose and within 24 hours for subsequent doses Cycle 1 Days 1 and 8, Cycle 2 Day 1, beginning with Cycle 3 through Cycle 7 and then every third cycle through Cycle 13 Day 1, EOT, & SFU


  3. Percentage of AML Participants With Objective Response Based on ELN AML Recommendations [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]
  4. Percentage of AML Participants With Objective Response Based on IWG AML Response Criteria [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]
  5. Objective Response Rate (ORR) in MDS as Defined by IWG 2006 MDS Response Criteria [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]
    The ORR is the proportion of patients who reach CR (including morphologic CR, CRMRD-, cCR, and mCR), CRi, CRh, PR, marrow CR, or MLFS while on study.

  6. Duration of Response (DOR) for Participants with AML [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]
    The duration of response will be measured from the time measurement criteria are met for complete remission (CR) (including morphologic CR, complete remission without minimal residual disease (CRMRD-), cytogenetic complete remission (cCR), and molecular complete remission (mCR), incomplete blood count recovery (CRi), partial hematologic recovery (CRh), partial remission (PR), marrow CR, or morphologic leukemia-free state (MLFS), whichever is first recorded, until the first date that recurrent or progressive disease, or death within 8 weeks of the last response assessment with evidence of no disease magrolimab progression is objectively documented.

  7. Duration of Response for Participants with MDS [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]
    The DOR will be measured from the time measurement criteria are first met for objective response as assessed by IWG MDS criteria until the first date that recurrent disease or death within 8 weeks of the last response assessment with evidence of no disease recurrence is objectively documented.

  8. RBC Transfusion Independence (no RBC transfusions for at least an 8-week consecutive period) [ Time Frame: Up to 8 weeks ]
  9. 12-week RBC Transfusion Independence Rates [ Time Frame: Up to 12 Weeks ]
    RBC transfusion independence rate is defined by the lack of RBC transfusions for at least an 12 week consecutive period at any time after starting therapy.

  10. Mean Hemoglobin Increase on Therapy [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]
  11. Progression Free Survival (PFS) for Participants with AML or MDS [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]
    The length of PFS is defined as the time from the date of study treatment initiation until the date of documented disease progression or death from any cause, whichever occurs first.

  12. Relapse Free Survival (RFS) for Participants with AML or MDS [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]
    The length of RFS is defined from the first date of attaining a CR (including morphologic CR, CRMRD-, cCR, and mCR) until the date of AML relapse or death from any cause, whichever occurs first.

  13. Event Free Survival (EFS) for Participants with AML or MDS [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]
    The length of EFS is defined as the time from the date of study treatment initiation until the date of documented disease progression, death from any cause, or treatment failure (defined as permanent treatment discontinuation from any cause), whichever occurs first.

  14. Overall Survival (OS) for Participants with AML or MDS [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]
    The length of overall survival will be measured from the date of study treatment initiation until the date of death from any cause.

  15. Level of minimal residual disease (MRD) Negativity Using a Multiparameter Flow Cytometry-Based Assay for Participants on Treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]
  16. Complete Remission with Partial Hematologic Recovery (CRh) [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  • Meets the criteria below for the appropriate cohort:

    1. Relapsed/Refractory Cohorts: Pathologically confirmed relapsed or refractory (primary refractory and/or relapsed refractory) AML or confirmed intermediate, high, or very high risk MDS that is relapsed, refractory or intolerant to conventional therapy
    2. Treatment-naive/ Unfit Cohorts: Previously untreated individuals with histological confirmation of AML who are ineligible for treatment with a standard cytarabine and anthracycline induction regimen; or previously untreated individuals with intermediate, high, or very high risk MDS. Prior and concurrent therapy with hydroxyurea, oral etoposide, erythroid and/or myeloid growth factors is allowed.
    3. Rollover Cohort: Individuals on active magrolimab therapy on the Phase 1 AML (SCI-CD47-002; NCT02678338) trial who are deriving clinical benefit by Investigator assessment
    4. RBC transfusion dependent low risk MDS cohort: Transfusion-dependent MDS individuals who are very low or low risk by IPSS-R with previous treatment with an erythroid stimulating agent or lenalidomide.
  • White blood cell (WBC) count ≤ 20 x 10^3/mcL
  • Adequate performance status and hematological, liver, and kidney function

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior treatment with CD47 or signal regulatory protein alpha (SIRPα) targeting agents (with exception of magrolimab for individuals in the Rollover cohort).
  • Treatment-naive/Unfit Cohorts Only: Any prior anti-leukemic therapy (excluding hydroxyurea or oral etoposide), prior treatment with hypomethylating agents and/or low dose cytarabine.
  • Acute promyelocytic leukemia.
  • Known inherited or acquired bleeding disorders.
  • Previous allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant within 6 months prior to enrollment, active graft versus host disease (GVHD), or requiring transplant-related immunosuppression.
  • Clinical suspicion of active central nervous system (CNS) involvement by leukemia
  • Known active or chronic hepatitis B or C infection or HIV
  • Pregnancy or active breastfeeding

Note: Other protocol defined Inclusion/Exclusion criteria may apply.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03248479


Contacts
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Contact: Gilead Clinical Study Information Center 1-833-445-3230(GILEAD-0) GileadClinicalTrials@gilead.com

Locations
Show Show 27 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Gilead Sciences
Investigators
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Study Director: Gilead Study Director Gilead Sciences
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Responsible Party: Gilead Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03248479    
Other Study ID Numbers: 5F9005
2017-000678-12 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: August 14, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 24, 2020
Last Verified: November 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Gilead Sciences:
CD47
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms
Hematologic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Hematologic Diseases
Azacitidine
Hu5F9-G4
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological