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Safety and Efficacy Study of Roxadustat to Treat Anemia in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease, on Dialysis.

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02174731
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 25, 2014
Results First Posted : December 16, 2019
Last Update Posted : December 16, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
FibroGen
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AstraZeneca

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE June 24, 2014
First Posted Date  ICMJE June 25, 2014
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE September 26, 2019
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE December 16, 2019
Last Update Posted Date December 16, 2019
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE July 1, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date September 26, 2018   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 27, 2019)
Mean Change From Baseline in Hb Averaged Over Week 28 to Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1, Week 0), Week 28 to 52 ]
Baseline Hb was defined as the mean of the three last central laboratory Hb values from the screening and randomization visits. Mean change in Hb from baseline to the participants mean level from Week 28 to Week 52 was analyzed using a missing at random (MAR) based multiple imputation Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). Baseline Hb was used as a covariate and treatment group, cardiovascular (CV) history, geographic region and dialysis duration as fixed effects. The adjusted least squares (LS) mean estimates of change from baseline during Week 28 to Week 52 are presented.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 24, 2014)
Major adverse cardiovascular (CV) events (MACE): Time to first occurrence of death from any cause, non-fatal myocardial infarction or non-fatal stroke. [ Time Frame: From randomization (~week 6) to end of study (event-driven, anticipate 1-2 years). ]
Time from randomization to the first occurence of any of the components of the primary composit endpoint.
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 27, 2019)
  • Change in Hb From Baseline to the Mean Level During the Evaluation Period (Week 28 to Week 36) Without Having Received Rescue Therapy Within 6 Weeks Prior to and During the 8-Week Evaluation Period [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1, Week 0), Week 28 to 36 ]
    Baseline Hb was defined as the mean of the three last central laboratory Hb values from the screening and randomization visits. Mean change in Hb from baseline to the participants mean level from Week 28 to Week 36,without having received rescue therapy within 6 weeks prior to and during this 8 week evaluation period was analysed using Mixed Model of Repeated Measures (MMRM). Baseline Hb was used as a covariate and treatment group, CV history, geographic region and dialysis duration as fixed effects. The adjusted LS mean estimates of change from baseline during Week 28 to Week 36 are presented for participants that did not receive rescue therapy within 6 weeks prior to and during this 8-week evaluation period.
  • Proportion of Total Time of Hb Within the Interval of >=10 g/dL From Week 28 to Week 52 [ Time Frame: Week 28 to 52 ]
    The proportion of total time was computed as follows: For each participant, the recorded Hb values were first linearly interpolated between measurements. The time this interpolated curve was >=10 g/dL was computed and subsequently divided by the time between the measurements from Week 28 to Week 52. The difference between roxadustat and epoetin alfa were compared using ANCOVA. Baseline Hb was used as a covariate and the treatment groups, CV history, geographic region and dialysis duration as fixed effects.
  • Proportion of Total Time of Hb Within the Interval of 10 to 12 g/dL From Week 28 to Week 52 [ Time Frame: Week 28 to 52 ]
    The proportion of total time was computed as follows: For each participant, the recorded Hb values were first linearly interpolated between measurements. The time this interpolated curve was within 10-12 g/dL was computed and subsequently divided by the time between the measurement from Week 28 to 52. The difference between roxadustat and epoetin alfa were compared using ANCOVA. Baseline Hb was used as a covariate and the treatment groups, CV history, geographic region and dialysis duration as fixed effects.
  • Mean Change in Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) Cholesterol From Baseline to Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1, Week 0) to Week 24 ]
    Baseline LDL was defined as the last result obtained prior to randomization. Mean changes in LDL cholesterol from baseline to Week 24 was analysed using ANCOVA. Baseline Hb and baseline LDL were used as covariates and treatment groups, CV history, geographic region and dialysis duration as fixed effects. The adjusted LS mean estimates of change from baseline to Week 24 are presented.
  • Mean Change in Hb From Baseline to the Participant's Mean Level Between Week 28 to Week 52 in Participants With Baseline High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein (hsCRP) Greater Than the Upper Limit of Normal (ULN) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1, Week 0), Week 28 to 52 ]
    Baseline hsCRP was quantified from stored biomarker samples obtained at randomization. Baseline Hb is defined as the mean of the three last central laboratory Hb values from the screening and randomization visits. Changes in Hb from baseline to mean value during Weeks 28 to 52 in participants with baseline hsCRP >ULN was analyzed using a MAR based multiple imputation ANCOVA. Baseline Hb was used as a covariate and treatment group, CV history, geographic region and dialysis duration as fixed effects. The adjusted LS mean estimates of change from baseline during Week 28 to Week 52 are presented.
  • Mean Monthly IV Iron Use From Week 36 to End of Study (EOS) [ Time Frame: Week 36 to EOS (4 weeks after the treatment period) ]
    Oral iron supplementation was allowed for both treatment groups without restriction. Oral iron was recommended for dietary supplementation to support erythropoiesis and as the first line treatment for prevention and treatment of iron deficiency, unless the participant was intolerant to this route of treatment. In participants receiving roxadustat, the Investigator was allowed to initiate the use of an approved IV iron supplement if a participant's Hb value had not sufficiently responded to 2 or more dose increases of the IP, and ferritin <100 nanogram per milliliter (ng/mL) or transferrin saturation (TSAT) <20%. IP treatment was allowed to continue during IV iron administration. Discontinuation of IV iron supplementation was recommended once the participant was no longer considered to be iron deficient (ferritin >100 ng/mL and TSAT >20%).
  • Time-To-First Administration of RBC Transfusion as Rescue Therapy [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1, Week 0) up to EOS (4 weeks after the treatment period) ]
    Time-to-first RBC transfusion as rescue therapy was calculated as (date of first occurrence of any RBC transfusion as rescue therapy, or date of censoring if no event had occurred) - (date of first dose of IP) + 1. Event rate was calculated as (number of participants with event) divided by (the total number of days at risk for event across all participants in given group divided by 365.25) multiplied by 100. The event rate is presented for participants with events.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 24, 2014)
  • Mean change in hemoglobin (Hb) from baseline to the end of treatment (EOT) period (~1-2 years). [ Time Frame: From baseline to end of study (event-driven, anticipate 1-2 years). ]
    Mean value of all Hb measurements from week 28 until the end of study will be used.
  • Proportion of total time of Hb measurements within the interval of 11±1 g/dL from week 28 until end of treatment visit (~1-2 years). [ Time Frame: From week 28 until end of study (event-driven, anticipate 1-2 years). ]
    Proportion of total time of Hb values within the interval 11±1 g/dL from week 28 until end of treatment visit.
  • Major adverse CV events+ (MACE+): Time to first occurrence of death from any cause, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), non-fatal stroke, heart failure requiring hospitalization or unstable angina leading to hospitalization. [ Time Frame: From randomization (~week 6) to end of study (event-driven, anticipate 1-2 years). ]
    Time from randomization to the first occurence of any of the components of the primary composit endpoint.
  • Time to first occurrence of death from any cause, non-fatal MI, non-fatal stroke, heart failure requiring hospitalization, unstable angina leading to hospitalization, vascular access thrombosis, deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism. [ Time Frame: From randomization (~week 6) to end of study (event-driven, anticipate 1-2 years). ]
    Time from randomization to the first occurence of any of the components of the primary composit endpoints.
  • Changes in self-reported health status as measured by the EuroQol Health Utility Index (EQ-5D-5L) during roxadustat or EPO treatment. Measured at baseline, week 12, 28 and 52. [ Time Frame: At baseline, week 12, 28 and 52. ]
    The EQ-5D-5L is a self-reported questionnaire measuring utility values.
  • Time-to-first rescue therapy (composite) of intravenous (IV) iron, red blood cell (RBC) transfusion, or recombinant erythropoietin (for Roxadustat patients only) as rescue therapy. [ Time Frame: From randomization (~week 6) to end of study (event-driven, anticipate 1-2 years). ]
    Time from randomization to the first occurence of any of the three types of rescue therapy; IV iron, RBC transfusion, or EPO.
  • Adverse events (AEs), serious adverse events (SAEs) Changes in vital signs, electrocardiogram (ECG) and laboratory values. Measured at randomization (~week 6) to end of study (event-driven, anticipate 1-2 years). [ Time Frame: From randomization (~week 6) to end of study (event-driven, anticipate 1-2 years). ]
    To evaluate the safety and tolerability of Roxadustat.
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Safety and Efficacy Study of Roxadustat to Treat Anemia in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease, on Dialysis.
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase 3, Multicenter, Randomized, Open-label, Active-Controlled Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Roxadustat in the Treatment of Anemia in Dialysis Patients
Brief Summary The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of roxadustat compared to epoetin alfa for the treatment of anemia in chronic kidney disease patients on dialysis.
Detailed Description This is a Phase 3, multicenter, randomized, open-label, active-controlled study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of roxadustat compared to epoetin alfa for the treatment of anemia in dialysis patients. Patients on hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD) who have been treated with an erythropoietin analogue or have an indication for treatment with an erythropoietin analogue will be evaluated for eligibility and randomized at a 1:1 ratio to treatment with roxadustat (with discontinuation of prior erythropoietin analogue therapy) or to an active-control group treated with epoetin alfa
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Anemia
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Roxadustat
    Roxadustat will be administered orally three times a week (TIW) to achieve an Hb level of 11 g/dL and maintain a Hb level of 11±1 g/dL.
  • Drug: Epoetin alfa
    Epoetin alfa will be administered TIW consistent with approved prescribing information for epoetin alfa to achieve an Hb level of 11 g/dL and maintain a Hb level of 11±1 g/dL.
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Roxadustat
    Intervention: Drug: Roxadustat
  • Active Comparator: Epoetin alfa
    Intervention: Drug: Epoetin alfa
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 23, 2018)
2133
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 24, 2014)
2850
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE September 26, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date September 26, 2018   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion criteria:

  1. Provision of Informed Consent prior to any study specific procedures
  2. Age ≥18 years at screening visit 1
  3. Previous versions of the protocol prior to US amendment ver 6.0 and outside of US amendment ver 7.0:

    Receiving or initiating hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis for treatment of native kidney end-stage renal disease (ESRD) at least 30 days prior to visit 1. Patients treated with hemodialysis must have access consisting of an arteriovenous fistula, AV graft, or tunneled (permanent) catheter. Patients on peritoneal dialysis must have a functioning peritoneal dialysis catheter in place.

    Starting with US amendment ver. 6.0 and outside of US amendment ver 7.0 (changed to recruit incident dialysis patients only):

    Receiving or initiating hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis for treatment of native kidney end-stage renal disease (ESRD) for a minimum of 2 weeks and a maximum of 4 months prior to randomization. Patients treated with hemodialysis must have access consisting of an arteriovenous fistula, AV graft, or tunneled (permanent) catheter. Patients on peritoneal dialysis must have a functioning peritoneal dialysis catheter in place.

  4. Two central laboratory Hb values during the screening period, obtained at least 7 days apart, must be <12 g/dL in patients currently treated with an erythropoietin analogue or <10 g/dL in patients not currently treated with an erythropoietin analogue. Patients are considered not currently treated if they have not received either Mircera® for at least 8 weeks or any other erythropoietin analogue for at least 4 weeks prior to visit 1.
  5. Ferritin ≥100 ng/mL at randomization (obtained from screening visit)
  6. TSAT ≥20% at randomization (obtained from screening visit)
  7. Serum folate level ≥ lower limit of normal (LLN) at randomization (obtained from screening visit)
  8. Serum vitamin B12 level ≥ LLN at randomization (obtained from screening visit)
  9. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤3x upper limit of normal (ULN), and total bilirubin (Tbili) ≤1.5 x ULN at randomization (obtained from screening visit)
  10. Body weight 45 to 160 kg (prescribed dry weight)

Exclusion criteria:

  1. Involvement in the planning and/or conduct of the study (applies to both AstraZeneca staff and/or staff at the study site)
  2. Previous randomisation in the present study
  3. New York Heart Association Class III or IV congestive heart failure at enrolment
  4. Myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndrome, stroke, seizure or a thrombotic/thromboembolic event (e.g., deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism) within 12 weeks prior to randomization
  5. History of chronic liver disease (e.g., chronic infectious hepatitis, chronic auto-immune liver disease, cirrhosis or fibrosis of the liver)
  6. Known hereditary hematologic disease such as thalassemia, sickle cell anemia, a history of pure red cell aplasia or other known causes for anemia other than CKD
  7. Known and untreated retinal vein occlusion or known and untreated proliferative diabetic retinopathy (risk for retinal vein thrombosis)
  8. Diagnosis or suspicion (e.g. complex kidney cyst of Bosniak Category IIF, III or IV) of renal cell carcinoma on renal ultrasound (or other imaging procedure e.g. CT scan or MRI) conducted at screening or within 12 weeks prior to randomization.
  9. Uncontrolled hypertension at the time of randomization (defined as systolic BP ≥180 mmHg or diastolic BP ≥100 mmHg on repeated measurement post-dialysis in hemodialysis patients or at any time in peritoneal dialysis patients), contraindication to epoetin alfa treatment (e.g., pure red cell aplasia, hypersensitivity or know inability to tolerate epoetin alfa)
  10. History of prostate cancer, breast cancer or any other malignancy, except the following: cancers determined to be cured or in remission for ≥5 years, curatively resected basal cell or squamous cell skin cancers, cervical cancer in situ or resected colonic polyps.
  11. Positive for any of the following: human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) or anti-hepatitis C virus antibody (anti-HCV Ab)
  12. Chronic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, SLE, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis or inflammatory bowel disease that is determined to be the principal cause of anemia
  13. Known hemosiderosis, hemochromatosis or hypercoagulable condition
  14. Any prior organ transplant with the exception of an autologous renal transplant or a renal transplant that was subsequently removed ("explanted") or scheduled organ transplantation date
  15. Any red blood cell (RBC) transfusion during the screening period
  16. Any current condition leading to active significant blood loss
  17. Any prior treatment with roxadustat or a hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor (HIF-PHI)
  18. Has received another new chemical entity (defined as a compound which has not been approved for marketing) or has participated in any other clinical study that included drug treatment within the month preceding the first administration of IP in this study. (Note: patients consented and screened, but not randomized in this study or a previous study are not excluded)
  19. History of alcohol or drug abuse within 2 years prior to randomization
  20. Females of childbearing potential, unless using contraception as detailed in the protocol or sexual abstinence (see Section 3.8)
  21. Pregnant or breastfeeding females
  22. Known allergy to the investigational product or any of its ingredients
  23. Any medical condition, including active, clinically significant infection, that in the opinion of the investigator or Sponsor may pose a safety risk to a patient in this study, which may confound efficacy or safety assessment, or may interfere with study participation
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 130 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Australia,   Bulgaria,   Canada,   Czechia,   Hungary,   India,   Mexico,   Peru,   Philippines,   Poland,   Russian Federation,   Slovakia,   Spain,   Sweden,   Thailand,   Ukraine,   United States,   Vietnam
Removed Location Countries Argentina,   Brazil,   Czech Republic,   Romania
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02174731
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE D5740C00002
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party AstraZeneca
Study Sponsor  ICMJE AstraZeneca
Collaborators  ICMJE FibroGen
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Steven Fishbane, MD Chief Division of Kidney Diseases and Hypertension, North Shore University Hospital, Great Neck, NY, USA
Study Director: Mark Houser, MD AZ R&D, Gaithersburg, USA
PRS Account AstraZeneca
Verification Date November 2019

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP