We're building a better ClinicalTrials.gov. Check it out and tell us what you think!
Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

An Open Label, Randomized Study of Neoadjuvant Nivolumab and Chemotherapy, With or Without Sub-ablative Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy, for Resectable Stage IIA to IIIB Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (CA209-6K6)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05500092
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : August 12, 2022
Last Update Posted : September 7, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Montefiore Medical Center

Brief Summary:
An open label, randomized study of neoadjuvant nivolumab and chemotherapy, with or without sub-ablative stereotactic body radiation therapy, for resectable stage IIA to IIIB non-small cell lung cancer

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Resectable Stage IIA to IIIB Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Drug: Nivolumab Radiation: (8gy x 3) Drug: Platinum Doublet Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Primary Objective

  • To compare the complete pathological response rate after 3 cycles of neoadjuvant nivolumab and platinum-based doublet chemotherapy vs. the same regimen with the addition of sub-ablative stereotactic radiation therapy (8 Gy x 3) directed at the primary lung tumor.

Secondary Objectives

  • To characterize the rate of Major Pathological Response (MPR), defined as ≤ 10% residual viable tumor cells at the time of surgical resection in the primary tumor and lymph nodes, as assessed by local pathology laboratory.
  • To characterize rates of Event Free Survival (EFS), defined as survival without documented disease progression per RECIST v1.1 that precludes surgery for local or distant disease recurrence.

Exploratory Objectives

  • To characterize the rate of pathological downstaging of biopsy confirmed positive lymph nodes not in the stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) field.
  • To characterize rates of Disease-Free Survival (DFS), defined as survival without local or distant recurrence or occurrence of new primary NSCLC.
  • To characterize rates of Overall Survival (OS) after study enrollment.
  • To characterize the incidence of adverse events, graded according to National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0.
  • To describe surgical safety and the incidence and severity of surgery-related adverse events.
  • To characterize rates of clearance of ctDNA (circulating tumor DNA) following neoadjuvant therapy and definitive surgical treatment
  • To evaluate whole tumor RNAseq (RNA-sequencing) from pre- and post- treatment tissue samples to assess for predictors and signatures of pathologic response.
  • To evaluate of gene expression in pre- and post-treatment blood samples to assess for predictors and signatures of complete pathologic response.
  • To assess the expression characteristics of PD-L1, infiltrating immune cells and TMB (tumor mutational burden), and their association with clinical outcomes.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 52 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open Label, Randomized Study of Neoadjuvant Nivolumab and Chemotherapy, With or Without Sub-ablative Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy, for Resectable Stage IIA to IIIB Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Estimated Study Start Date : September 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2027

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Cancer
Drug Information available for: Nivolumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Nivolumab + Platinum Doublet Chemotherapy
All participants will receive platinum-based doublet chemotherapy (PDC) along with nivolumab for 3 cycles every 3 weeks. Carboplatinum (AUC=5) can be used instead of Cisplatin (75 mg/m2) from cycle 2 for Cisplatin induced neuro/oto/nephrotoxicity as long as the subject remains eligible for doublet chemotherapy. Participants with nonsquamous tumors will receive pemetrexed (500 mg/m2). Participants with squamous tumors will receive either docetaxel (75 mg/m2 on day 1) or gemcitabine (1000 mg/m2 on days 1, 8). Cycles will be every 3 weeks and a maximum of a 2 week delay will be permitted for resolution of toxicities.
Drug: Nivolumab
Patients randomized to the Nivolumab + Platinum Doublet Chemotherapy only arm will receive three cycles of nivolumab at a dose of 360 mg every three weeks along with a platinum-based chemotherapy doublet (cisplatin or carboplatin plus pemetrexed for adenocarcinoma, cisplatin or carboplatin plus docetaxel, paclitaxel, or gemcitabine for squamous NSCLC) with sub-ablative stereotactic radiation therapy (8 Gy x 3) directed at the primary lung tumor

Drug: Platinum Doublet
Standard of care doublet platinum therapy
Other Names:
  • Carboplatinum
  • Cisplatin
  • Pemetrexed
  • Docetaxel
  • Gemcitabine

Experimental: Nivolumab + Platinum Doublet Chemotherapy + SBRT (8gy x 3)
SBRT will be delivered near the conclusion of cycle 1 with platinum-based doublet chemotherapy (PDC) along with nivolumab for 3 cycles every 3 weeks. The intent is to deliver SBRT on three consecutive days when the concentration of radiosensitizing chemotherapy agents in the subject's system is at a minimum, to minimize toxicity risks. It is expected that some subjects may not receive SBRT on three consecutive days due to machine breakdown, inclement weather, or other logistic issues. Subjects must not receive SBRT within 72 hours after a cisplatin or carboplatin infusion
Drug: Nivolumab
Patients randomized to the Nivolumab + Platinum Doublet Chemotherapy only arm will receive three cycles of nivolumab at a dose of 360 mg every three weeks along with a platinum-based chemotherapy doublet (cisplatin or carboplatin plus pemetrexed for adenocarcinoma, cisplatin or carboplatin plus docetaxel, paclitaxel, or gemcitabine for squamous NSCLC) with sub-ablative stereotactic radiation therapy (8 Gy x 3) directed at the primary lung tumor

Radiation: (8gy x 3)
sub-ablative stereotactic radiation therapy (8 Gy x 3) directed at the primary lung tumor

Drug: Platinum Doublet
Standard of care doublet platinum therapy
Other Names:
  • Carboplatinum
  • Cisplatin
  • Pemetrexed
  • Docetaxel
  • Gemcitabine




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Complete Pathological Response [ Time Frame: After 3 cycles. Each cycle is defined as 3 weeks ]
    Complete pathological response (CPR) observed after neoadjuvant therapy and surgical resection. The absence of tumor cells in the resected specimen on histopathological examination.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Major Pathological Response [ Time Frame: After 3 cycles. Each cycle is defined as 3 weeks ]
    (MPR), defined as ≤ 10% residual viable tumor cells at the time of surgical resection in the primary tumor and lymph nodes, as assessed by local pathology laboratory.

  2. Event Free Survival [ Time Frame: After 3 cycles. Each cycle is defined as 3 weeks ]
    (EFS) defined as survival without documented disease progression per RECIST v1.1 that precludes surgery for local or distant disease recurrence



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patient has histologically or cytologically proven clinical stages IIA (tumors > 4 cm), IIB, IIIA, and IIIB (T3 or T4, N2) NSCLC (AJCC version 8) and is considered eligible for surgical resection with curative intent. Patients with 2 primary non-small cell lung cancers are allowed.
  2. Measurable disease, as defined by RECIST v1.1.
  3. Parenchymal lung tumor deemed to be amenable to treatment with sub-ablative stereotactic body radiation therapy, as determined by a co-investigator from Radiation Oncology
  4. Written informed consent and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) obtained from the subject prior to performing any protocol-related procedures.
  5. Age > 18 years at time of study entry
  6. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1.
  7. Adequate normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL
    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 109/L (> 1500 per mm3)
    • Platelet count ≥ 100 x 109/L (>100,000 per mm3)
    • Serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN). This will not apply to subjects with confirmed Gilbert's syndrome (persistent or recurrent hyperbilirubinemia that is predominantly unconjugated in the absence of hemolysis or hepatic pathology), who will be allowed only in consultation with their physician.
    • Aspartate aminotransferase (SGOT)/Alanine Aminotransferase (SGPT), and alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN).
    • Serum creatinine clearance>50 mL/min by the Cockcroft-Gault formula (Cockcroft and Gault 1976) or by 24-hour urine collection for determination of creatinine clearance (CL):

    Males:

    Creatinine CL (mL/min)

    = Weight (kg) x (140 - Age) . 72 x serum creatinine (mg/dL)

    Females:

    Creatinine CL (mL/min)

    = Weight (kg) x (140 - Age) x 0.85 72 x serum creatinine (mg/dL)

  8. Evidence of post-menopausal status or negative urinary or serum pregnancy test for female pre-menopausal patients. Women will be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months without an alternative medical cause. The following age-specific requirements apply:

    Women <50 years of age would be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months or more following cessation of exogenous hormonal treatments and if they have luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone levels in the post-menopausal range for the institution or underwent surgical sterilization (bilateral oophorectomy or hysterectomy).

    Women ≥50 years of age would be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months or more following cessation of all exogenous hormonal treatments, had radiation-induced menopause with last menses >1 year ago, had chemotherapy-induced menopause with last menses >1 year ago, or underwent surgical sterilization (bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral salpingectomy or hysterectomy).

  9. Subject is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits and examinations including follow up.
  10. No prior therapy for their lung cancer.

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects should not enter the study if any of the following exclusion criteria are fulfilled:

  1. Participation in another clinical study with an investigational product during the last 3 weeks.
  2. Active other primary malignancy excepting:

    • Malignancy treated with curative intent and with no known active disease and of low potential risk for recurrence.
    • Adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or lentigo maligna without evidence of disease.
    • Adequately treated carcinoma in situ without evidence of disease eg, cervical cancer in situ, in-situ urinary bladder cancer, treated localized prostate cancer and ductal carcinoma-in situ.
  3. Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 14 days before the first dose of nivolumab, with the exceptions of intranasal, inhaled, topical steroids, or local steroid injections (e.g., intra articular injection), corticosteroids or systemic corticosteroids at physiological doses, which are not to exceed 10 mg/day of prednisone, or an equivalent corticosteroid, and steroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., CT scan premedication).
  4. Patients with Grade ≥2 neuropathy.
  5. Previous receipt of immunotherapy.
  6. Active or prior documented autoimmune or inflammatory disorders that has required systemic treatment in the past year (including inflammatory bowel disease [e.g., colitis or Crohn's disease systemic lupus erythematosus, Sarcoidosis syndrome, or Wegener syndrome [granulomatosis with polyangiitis, Graves' disease, rheumatoid arthritis, hypophysitis, uveitis, etc]). No active diverticulitis within the previous 3 months. The following are exceptions to this criterion:

    • Patients with vitiligo or alopecia
    • Patients with hypothyroidism (e.g., following Hashimoto syndrome) stable on hormone replacement
    • Any chronic skin condition that does not require systemic therapy
    • Patients without active disease in the last 5 years may be included but only after consultation with the study physician
    • Patients with celiac disease controlled by diet alone
  7. History of allogeneic organ transplant.
  8. History of hypersensitivity to nivolumab or any excipient.
  9. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness that would limit compliance with study requirements, substantially increase risk of incurring AEs or compromise the ability of the patient to give written informed consent.
  10. Active infection including tuberculosis (clinical evaluation that includes clinical history, physical examination and radiographic findings, and tuberculosis (TB) testing in line with local practice), active hepatitis B (known positive HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) result), active hepatitis C.
  11. Female patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding or male or female patients of reproductive potential who are not willing to employ effective birth control from screening to 90 days after the last dose of nivolumab monotherapy.
  12. History of interstitial lung disease, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, pneumonitis (including drug induced), or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest CT scan.
  13. Receipt of the last dose of therapy (chemotherapy, immunotherapy, endocrine therapy, targeted therapy, biologic therapy, tumor embolization, monoclonal antibodies, or other investigational agent) for an accepted other malignancy as defined in Section 3.3.2 within 30 days prior to the first dose of study drug for lung cancer.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05500092


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Brendon Stiles, MD (718) 920-4321 brstiles@montefiore.org
Contact: Akash Pradip Shah, MS (718) 862-8840 ext 436 akashpradip.shah@einsteinmed.edu

Sponsors and Collaborators
Montefiore Medical Center
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Brendon Stiles, MD Montefiore Medical Center
Additional Information:
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Montefiore Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05500092    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2021-13627
First Posted: August 12, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 7, 2022
Last Verified: August 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: No plan of data sharing

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Gemcitabine
Cisplatin
Docetaxel
Nivolumab
Pemetrexed
Antineoplastic Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors