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Belantamab Mafodotin, Pomalidomide and Dexamethasone for the Treatment of High-Risk Myeloma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05208307
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 26, 2022
Last Update Posted : July 22, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
GlaxoSmithKline
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ajay Nooka, Emory University

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies the effect of belantamab mafodotin, pomalidomide, and dexamethasone in treating patents with high-risk myeloma. Belantamab mafodotin is a monoclonal antibody, called belantamab, linked to a chemotherapy drug, called mafodotin. Belantamab is a form of targeted therapy because it attaches to specific molecules on the surface of cancer cells, known as BCMA receptors, and delivers mafodotin to kill them. Chemotherapy drugs, such as pomalidomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Anti-inflammatory drugs, such as dexamethasone lower the body's immune response and are used with other drugs in the treatment of some types of cancer. Giving belantamab mafodotin, pomalidomide, and dexamethasone may kill more cancer cells.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Plasma Cell Myeloma Biological: Belantamab Mafodotin Drug: Dexamethasone Drug: Pomalidomide Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To evaluate the efficacy of the combination of belantamab mafodotin, pomalidomide and dexamethasone (BPd) by assessing the >= complete response (CR) rates with BPd maintenance in patients with high-risk myeloma by International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) criteria.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of the combination of BPd in patients with high-risk myeloma.

II. To determine the antitumor activity of BPd maintenance among high-risk myeloma patients.

TERTIARY/EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVE:

I. To evaluate the changes in microenvironment among patients receiving BPd maintenance.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive belantamab mafodotin intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on day 1 of every other cycle, pomalidomide orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-21, and dexamethasone PO QD on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 34 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Maintenance Therapy With Belantamab, Pomalidomide and Dexamethasone (BPd) in High-Risk Myeloma Patients: A Phase 2 Study With a Safety Run-In
Actual Study Start Date : July 21, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 21, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 21, 2024


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (belantamab mafodotin, pomalidomide, dexamethasone)
Patients receive belantamab mafodotin IV over 30 minutes on day 1 of every other cycle, pomalidomide PO QD on days 1-21, and dexamethasone PO QD on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: Belantamab Mafodotin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Belantamab Mafodotin-blmf
  • Blenrep
  • GSK2857916
  • J6M0-mcMMAF

Drug: Dexamethasone
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Aacidexam
  • Adexone
  • Aknichthol Dexa
  • Alba-Dex
  • Alin
  • Alin Depot
  • Alin Oftalmico
  • Amplidermis
  • Anemul mono
  • Auricularum
  • Auxiloson
  • Baycadron
  • Baycuten
  • Baycuten N
  • Cortidexason
  • Cortisumman
  • Decacort
  • Decadrol
  • Decadron
  • Decadron DP
  • Decalix
  • Decameth
  • Decasone R.p.
  • Dectancyl
  • Dekacort
  • Deltafluorene
  • Deronil
  • Desamethasone
  • Desameton
  • Dexa-Mamallet
  • Dexa-Rhinosan
  • Dexa-Scheroson
  • Dexa-sine
  • Dexacortal
  • Dexacortin
  • Dexafarma
  • Dexafluorene
  • Dexalocal
  • Dexamecortin
  • Dexameth
  • Dexamethasone Intensol
  • Dexamethasonum
  • Dexamonozon
  • Dexapos
  • Dexinoral
  • Dexone
  • Dinormon
  • Dxevo
  • Fluorodelta
  • Fortecortin
  • Gammacorten
  • Hemady
  • Hexadecadrol
  • Hexadrol
  • Lokalison-F
  • Loverine
  • Methylfluorprednisolone
  • Millicorten
  • Mymethasone
  • Orgadrone
  • Spersadex
  • TaperDex
  • Visumetazone
  • ZoDex

Drug: Pomalidomide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • 4-Aminothalidomide
  • Actimid
  • CC-4047
  • Imnovid
  • Pomalyst




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Complete response rate [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Assessed per International Myeloma Working Group criteria (best response during maintenance therapy).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Toxicities of all patients will be tabulated as frequency and percentage. To evaluate the safety of the belantamab mafodotin, pomalidomide and dexamethasone (BPd) combination in the maintenance setting, proportion of safe patients will be estimated and its 95% confidence interval (CI) will be constructed by assuming binomial distribution. Adverse events will be graded using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (version 5.0).

  2. Very good partial response rate with BPd maintenance [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Will be calculated as the proportion with 95% CI, assuming binomial distribution.

  3. Stringent complete response rate with BPd maintenance [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Will be calculated as the proportion with 95% CI, assuming binomial distribution.

  4. Overall response with BPd maintenance [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Will be calculated as the proportion with 95% CI, assuming binomial distribution.

  5. Progression free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Will be estimated with standard Kaplan-Meier method.

  6. Duration of response [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Will be summarized with median and range.

  7. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Will be estimated with standard Kaplan-Meier method. Both point and 95% CI of the median and other statistics (e.g., 6-month rate, 12-month rate, etc.) of OS will be calculated.

  8. Minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity rate [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    MRD detection will summarized using descriptive.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Transplant-eligible myeloma patient that has undergone autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) within one year of their diagnosis and has achieved >= partial response (PR) based on IMWG standard criteria. Patients will be enrolled within day 60-100 after ASCT
  • Patient's with high-risk disease defined as

    • Presence of del(17p); t(4;14); t(14;16); t(14;20) by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) or by cytogenetics (CTG)
    • Plasma cell leukemia at diagnosis with >= 20% circulating plasma cells on peripheral blood
  • Participant must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of =< 2
  • Participant must be >= 18 years of age
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >=1.5 x 10^9/L (performed within 28 days of initiation of protocol therapy unless otherwise specified)
  • Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL (performed within 28 days of initiation of protocol therapy unless otherwise specified)
  • Platelets >= 75 x 10^9/L (performed within 28 days of initiation of protocol therapy unless otherwise specified)
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (Isolated bilirubin >= 1.5 x ULN is acceptable if bilirubin is fractionated and direct bilirubin < 35%) (performed within 28 days of initiation of protocol therapy unless otherwise specified)
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x ULN (performed within 28 days of initiation of protocol therapy unless otherwise specified)
  • Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) >= 30 mL/min/ 1.73 m^2 (performed within 28 days of initiation of protocol therapy unless otherwise specified)
  • Spot urine (albumin/creatinine ratios) < 500 mg/g (56 mg/mmol) (performed within 28 days of initiation of protocol therapy unless otherwise specified)
  • Female participants: contraceptive use should be consistent with local regulations regarding the methods of contraception for those participating in clinical studies. A female participant is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant or breastfeeding, and at least one of the following conditions applies:

    • Is not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP) OR
    • Is a WOCBP and using a contraceptive method that is highly effective (with a failure rate of < 1% per year), preferably with low user dependency, during the intervention period and for at least 4 months after the last dose of study intervention and agrees not to donate eggs (ova, oocytes) for the purpose of reproduction during this period. The investigator should evaluate the effectiveness of the contraceptive method in relationship to the first dose of study intervention.

WOCBP refers to sexually mature female, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally menopausal for at least 24 consecutive months. A WOCBP must have a negative highly sensitive serum pregnancy test (as required by local regulations) within 72 hours before the first dose of study intervention. The investigator is responsible for review of medical history, menstrual history, and recent sexual activity to decrease the risk for inclusion of a woman with a nearly undetected pregnancy.

Nonchildbearing potential is defined as follows (by other than medical reasons):

  • >= 45 years of age and has not had menses for > 1 year
  • Patients who have been amenorrhoeic for < 2 years without history of a hysterectomy and oophorectomy must have a follicle stimulating hormone value in the postmenopausal range upon screening evaluation
  • Post-hysterectomy, post-bilateral oophorectomy, or post-tubal ligation. Documented hysterectomy or oophorectomy must be confirmed with medical records of the actual procedure or confirmed by an ultrasound. Tubal ligation must be confirmed with medical records of the actual procedure

    • Male participants: contraceptive use should be consistent with local regulations regarding the methods of contraception for those participating in clinical studies. Male participants are eligible to participate if they agree to the following during the intervention period and for 6 months after the last dose of study treatment to allow for clearance of any altered sperm:
  • Refrain from donating sperm PLUS either:
  • Be abstinent from heterosexual intercourse as their preferred and usual lifestyle (abstinent on a long term and persistent basis) and agree to remain abstinent OR
  • Must agree to use contraception/barrier as detailed below:

    • Agree to use a male condom, even if they have undergone a successful vasectomy, and female partner to use an additional highly effective contraceptive method with a failure rate of < 1% per year as when having sexual intercourse with a woman of childbearing potential (including pregnant females)

      • All prior treatment-related toxicities (defined by National Cancer Institute- Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events [NCI-CTCAE], version 4.03) must be =< grade 1 at the time of enrolment except for alopecia
      • Participant must be able to understand the study procedures and agree to participate in the study by providing written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participant must not have current corneal epithelial disease except mild changes in corneal epithelium
  • Participant must not have current unstable liver or biliary disease defined by the presence of ascites, encephalopathy, coagulopathy, hypoalbuminemia, esophageal or gastric varices, persistent jaundice, or cirrhosis

    • Note: Stable non-cirrhotic chronic liver disease (including Gilbert's syndrome or asymptomatic gallstones) or hepatobiliary involvement of malignancy is acceptable if otherwise meets entry criteria
  • Participant must not have presence of active renal condition (infection, requirement for dialysis or any other condition that could affect participant's safety). Participants with isolated proteinuria resulting from multiple myeloma (MM) are eligible, provided they fulfil inclusion criteria
  • Participant must not use contact lenses while participating in this study
  • Participant must not be simultaneously enrolled in any interventional clinical trial
  • Participant must not have used an investigational drug or approved systemic anti-myeloma therapy (including systemic steroids) within 14 days or five half-lives, whichever is shorter, preceding the first dose of study drug
  • Participant must not have had plasmapheresis within 7 days prior to first dose of study treatment
  • Participant must not have received prior treatment with a monoclonal antibody within 30 days of receiving the first dose of study drugs
  • Participant must not have had major surgery =< 4 weeks prior to initiating study treatment
  • Participant must not have any evidence of active mucosal or internal bleeding
  • Participant must not have evidence of cardiovascular risk including any of the following:

    • Evidence of current clinically significant uncontrolled arrhythmias, including clinically significant electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities such as 2nd degree (Mobitz Type II) or 3rd degree atrioventricular (AV) block
    • History of myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndromes (including unstable angina), coronary angioplasty, or stenting or bypass grafting within three (3) months of Screening
    • Class III or IV heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association functional classification system (NYHA, 1994)
    • Uncontrolled hypertension
  • Participant must not have known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction or idiosyncratic reactions to belantamab mafodotin or drugs chemically related to belantamab mafodotin, or any of the components of the study treatment
  • Participant must not have an active infection requiring treatment
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, unless the participant can meet all of the following criteria:

    • Established anti-retroviral therapy (ART) for at least 4 weeks and HIV viral load < 400 copies/mL
    • CD4+ T-cell (CD4+) counts >= 350 cells/uL
    • No history of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining opportunistic infections within the last 12 months
    • Note: consideration must be given to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and prophylactic antimicrobials that may have a drug:drug interaction and/or overlapping toxicities with belantamab mafodotin or other combination products as relevant
  • Positive hepatitis C antibody test result or positive hepatitis C ribonucleic acid (RNA) test result at screening or within 3 months prior to first dose of study treatment unless the participant can meet the following criteria:

    • RNA test negative
    • Successful anti-viral treatment (usually 8 weeks duration) is required, followed by a negative hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA test after a washout period of at least 4 weeks
  • Patients will hepatitis B will be excluded unless the following criteria can be met

    • SEROLOGY: Hepatitis B core antibody positive (HbcAb+), hepatitis B surface antigen negative (HbsAg-); SCREENING: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) undetectable; DURING STUDY TREATMENT: Monitoring per protocol, antiviral treatment instituted if HBV DNA becomes detectable
    • SEROLOGY: HBsAg+ at screen or within 3 months prior to first dose; SCREENING: HBV DNA undetectable, highly effective antiviral treatment started at least 4 weeks prior to first dose of study treatment, baseline imaging per protocol, participants with cirrhosis are excluded; DURING STUDY TREATMENT: Antiviral treatment maintained throughout study treatment, monitoring and management per protocol

      • Note: presence of hep B surface antibody (HBsAb) indicating previous vaccination will not exclude a participant
  • Participant must not have invasive malignancies other than disease under study, unless the second malignancy has been medically stable for at least 2 years and, in the opinion of the principal investigators, will not affect the evaluation of the effects of clinical trial treatments on the currently targeted malignancy. Participants with curatively treated non-melanoma skin cancer may be enrolled without a 2-year restriction
  • Participant must not have any serious and/or unstable pre-existing medical, psychiatric disorder, or other conditions (including lab abnormalities) that could interfere with participant's safety, obtaining informed consent or compliance to the study procedures
  • Diagnosed with smoldering MM, monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance, Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia, polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy, and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome, amyloidosis or standard risk myeloma or secondary plasma cell leukemia
  • High risk patients that did not achieve >= PR after stem cell transplant
  • Participant has >= grade 2 peripheral neuropathy on clinical examination within 28 days before initiation of protocol therapy
  • Participants must not be pregnant or lactating
  • Any condition, including laboratory abnormalities, that in the opinion of the investigator places the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study
  • Prior malignancy (within the last 5 years) except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, or in situ cervical cancer
  • Known hypersensitivity to acyclovir or similar anti-viral drug
  • Known intolerance to steroid therapy
  • Contraindication or prior intolerance to thromboembolic prophylaxis with aspirin, warfarin or low-molecular weight heparin
  • Participants with known central nervous system (CNS) disease
  • Poor tolerability or known allergy to any of the study drugs or compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to dexamethasone, boron or mannitol

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05208307


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Ajay K. Nooka, MD,MPH,FACP (404) 778-1900 anooka@emory.edu

Locations
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United States, Georgia
Emory University/Winship Cancer Institute Recruiting
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
Contact: Bryan Burton    404-778-1780    bryan.james.burton@emory.edu   
Principal Investigator: Ajay K. Nooka, MD,MPH,FACP         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Emory University
GlaxoSmithKline
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Ajay K. Nooka, MD,MPH,FACP Emory University/Winship Cancer Institute
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Responsible Party: Ajay Nooka, Principal Investigator, Emory University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05208307    
Other Study ID Numbers: STUDY00003092
NCI-2021-08385 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
Winship5382-21 ( Other Identifier: Emory University Hospital/Winship Cancer Institute )
P30CA138292 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: January 26, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 22, 2022
Last Verified: July 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone acetate
Pomalidomide
Ichthammol
BB 1101
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents