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A Phase-3-trial of Acalabrutinib, Obinutuzumab & Venetoclax Compared to Obinutuzumab and Venetoclax in Previously Untreated Patients With High Risk CLL

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05197192
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 19, 2022
Last Update Posted : May 10, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
AstraZeneca
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
German CLL Study Group

Brief Summary:
This multicenter, prospective, open-label, randomized, superiority phase 3 study is designed to demonstrate that treatment with a triple combination of acalabrutinib, obinutuzumab and venetoclax (GAVe) prolong the progression-free survival (PFS) as compared to treatment with the combination of obinutuzumab and venetoclax (GVe) in pa-tients with high risk CLL (defined as having at least one of the follow-ing risk factors: 17p-deletion, TP53-mutation or complex karyotype).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Drug: Obinutuzumab Drug: Venetoclax Drug: Acalabrutinib Phase 3

Detailed Description:
CLL is the most frequent leukemia in industrialized countries. International guidelines agree on diagnosis and management of this disease. The clinical course of CLL is highly variable and can be predicted by clinical staging (according to Rai and Binet) as well as genetic, serum markers and risk models. This study is designed for a randomized comparison of two different, non-chemotherapeutic and fixed-duration modalities for patients with high risk chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and addresses a high medical need, since high risk-CLL represents a so far incurable, aggressive cancer. The high risk-group of CLL patients can be identified by molecular characteristics, allowing the inclusion of a clearly described group of patients: 17p-deletion, TP53-mutation and/or complex karyotype.TP53 defects are the strongest prognostic factors for non-response to chemotherapy. Patients harboring TP53 defects should be treated with chemotherapy-free regimens. Complex karyotype (CKT), defined as the presence of three or more chromosomal aberrations in two or more metaphases is associated with a poorer outcome in various hematologic malignancies, including chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). In CLL, CKT is one of several well established adverse prognostic factors, comparable to 17p-deletion, TP53-mutation or unmutated IGHV status. Depending on age and prior exposure to chemotherapy, 10-30% of patients with CLL exhibit CKT. A broad body of evidence has suggested a predictive prognostic value of CKT. Despite considerable advances with chemoimmunotherapy in the treatment of frontline as well as relapsed/refractory (r/r) CLL, outcome of patients with CKT remains poor. To date, a randomized comparison to optimize the treatment of patients with high risk disease defined as either the presence of TP53 aberrations or CKT, by novel agents has not been performed. Patients with high risk CLL (TP53-defects and/or CKT) have a poor outcome with chemoimmunotherapy and do not benefit to the same extent from approved regimen such as continuous treatment of ibrutinib or 12 months treatment with obinutuzumab plus venetoclax. Monotherapy with BTK-inhibitor is less effective in those patients as compared with patients without high risk disease. Venetoclax combined with the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody obinutuzumab offers a highly effective fixed-duration treatment option with a manageable toxicity profile. The recent results of the CLL14 study define a new standard of a fixed 12-months treatment with obinutuzumab and venetoclax in previously untreated patients yielding a major benefit also for patients with high risk disease as compared to chemoimmunotherapy. However, high risk patients appear to progress earlier than low risk patients and the therapy is not clearly curative so far. Acalabrutinib is a second generation, selective BTK inhibitor which has shown promising overall response rates in patients with relapsed CLL or patients intolerant to ibrutinib. The development of acalabrutinib focussed on minimization of off-target activity. Results of a three-arm study investigating the combination of acalabrutinib plus obinutuzumab versus acalabrutinib alone versus chlorambucil plus obinutuzumab (NCT02475681) showed a substantial improvement of PFS for the combination arm and the monotherapy versus the standard chemoimmunotherapy regimen. The addition of a BTK-inhibitor, such as acalabrutinib to obinutuzumab and venetoclax has the potential to result in a better outcome, because synergistic effects have been reported between BTK inhibitors and B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2) inhibitors or for BCL-2 inhibitors and monoclonal antibodies. Synergistic effects, which are expected to reduce early progressions or insufficient responses, are in particular important for this high risk population. The triple combination of acalabrutinib, obinutuzumab (or rituximab) and venetoclax has been investigated in a phase 1 b- study and had a tolerable safety profile with minimal to no drug-drug interactions, results of a phase 2 trial studying the same combination showed that the triple combination was highly active with 78% undetectable MRD levels in the bone marrow . Currently, the GCLLSG conducts phase 2 studies, investigating a triple combination consisting of BTK- and Bcl2-inhibitors and monoclonal antibodies (CLL2GIVe: NCT02758665; CLL2BAAG: NCT03787264) and a large phase 3 trial with one experimental arm with a triple combination (CLL13, NCT02950051) but results are not yet published. Acalabrutinib, venetoclax and obinutuzumab is now being studied in a registrational phase 3 trial CL-311 (NCT03836261) against the current standard of chemoimmunotherapy (fludarabine/cyclophosphamide/rituximab (FCR), bendamustine/rituximab (BR) in patients without 17p-deletion or TP53-mutation. Acalabrutinib is indicated in Germany as monotherapy or in combination with obinutuzumab for the treatment of adult patients with treatment-naive chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and as monotherapy for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 650 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective, Open-label, Multicentre, Randomized, Phase-3-trial of Acalabrutinib, Obinutuzumab and Venetoclax (GAVE) Compared to Obinutuzumab and Venetoclax (GVE) in Previously Untreated Patients With High Risk (17P-deletion, TP53-mutation or Complex Karyotype) Chronic Lymphatic Leukemia (CLL)
Actual Study Start Date : April 19, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 2026
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 2027


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: GAVe-Arm
Acalabrutinib plus Venetoclax plus Obinutuzumab plus (GAVe)
Drug: Obinutuzumab

Obinutuzumab i.v. infusion:

Cycle 1 Day 1: Obinutuzumab 100 mg i.v.

Cycle 1 Day 1 (or 2): Obinutuzumab 900 mg i.v.

Cycle 1 Day 8: Obinutuzumab 1000 mg i.v.

Cycle 1 Day 15: Obinutuzumab 1000 mg i.v.

Cycles 2-6: Day 1: Obinutuzumab 1000 mg i.v.

Other Names:
  • Gazyva
  • Gazyvaro

Drug: Venetoclax

Venetoclax p.o.:

Cycle 1: Days 22-28: Venetoclax 20 mg (2 x 10 mg)

Cycle 2: Days 1-7: Venetoclax 50 mg (1 x 50 mg)

Cycle 2:Days 8-14: Venetoclax 100 mg (1 x 100 mg)

Cycle 2:Days: 15-21: Venetoclax 200 mg (2 x 100 mg)

Cycle 2:Days: 22-28: Venetoclax 400 mg (4 x 100 mg)

Cycles 3-12: Days 1-28: Venetoclax 400 mg (4 x 100 mg)

Other Names:
  • Venclexta
  • Venclyxto

Drug: Acalabrutinib

Cycles 15-24: Days 1-28:

100 mg acalabrutinib twice daily p.o. approx. every 12 hrs (corresponding to a total daily dose of 200 mg).

Other Name: Calquence

Experimental: GVe-Arm
Obinutuzumab plus Venetoclax (GVe)
Drug: Obinutuzumab

Obinutuzumab i.v. infusion:

Cycle 1 Day 1: Obinutuzumab 100 mg i.v.

Cycle 1 Day 1 (or 2): Obinutuzumab 900 mg i.v.

Cycle 1 Day 8: Obinutuzumab 1000 mg i.v.

Cycle 1 Day 15: Obinutuzumab 1000 mg i.v.

Cycles 2-6: Day 1: Obinutuzumab 1000 mg i.v.

Other Names:
  • Gazyva
  • Gazyvaro

Drug: Venetoclax

Venetoclax p.o.:

Cycle 1: Days 22-28: Venetoclax 20 mg (2 x 10 mg)

Cycle 2: Days 1-7: Venetoclax 50 mg (1 x 50 mg)

Cycle 2:Days 8-14: Venetoclax 100 mg (1 x 100 mg)

Cycle 2:Days: 15-21: Venetoclax 200 mg (2 x 100 mg)

Cycle 2:Days: 22-28: Venetoclax 400 mg (4 x 100 mg)

Cycles 3-12: Days 1-28: Venetoclax 400 mg (4 x 100 mg)

Other Names:
  • Venclexta
  • Venclyxto




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 50 months after FPI ]
    The study is designed to demonstrate that 14 cycles of treatment with GAVe followed by up to 10 cycles maintenance with acalabrutinib for patients with detectable MRD at cycle 14 day 14 prolong PFS as compared to 12 cycles of treatment with GVe in patients with high risk CLL (defined as hav-ing at least one of the following risk factors: 17p-deletion, TP53- mutation or complex karyotype).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Minimal residual disease (MRD) levels [ Time Frame: 50 months after FPI ]
    Minimal residual disease (MRD) levels in the peripheral blood (PB) and in the bone marrow (BM) at final restaging ((Staging 5) cycle 15 day 1 for patients in GVe study arm, cycle 14 day 14 for patients in GAVe study arm)

  2. MRD in PB at cycle 27 day 1 [ Time Frame: 50 months after FPI ]
    MRD in PB at cycle 27 day 1 for all patients (end of maintenance for patients in GAVe study arm, who had detectable MRD levels after 14 cycles of GAVe-treatment)

  3. Overall response rate [ Time Frame: 50 months after FPI ]
    Overall response rate (ORR; as per iwCLL guidelines) at cycle 15

  4. Complete response rate [ Time Frame: 50 months after FPI ]
    Complete response rate (CRR; as per iwCLL guidelines) at cycle 15

  5. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 50 months after FPI ]
    Overall Survival (OS)

  6. Event-free survival (EFS) [ Time Frame: 50 months after FPI ]
    Event-free survival (EFS)

  7. Duration of response (DOR) [ Time Frame: 50 months after FPI ]
    Duration of response (DOR)

  8. Time to next treatment (TTNT) [ Time Frame: 50 months after FPI ]
    Time to next treatment (TTNT)


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Correlation between MRD in PB/BM and PFS/OS [ Time Frame: 50 months after FPI ]
    Time-to-event analyses will be calculated accordiung to MRD levels in peripheral bloos and bone marrow respectively.

  2. MRD by methods other than flow cytometry (ddPCR) [ Time Frame: 50 months after FPI ]
    New methods of MRD measurements (ddPCR) will be compared with the standard method (flow cytometry )

  3. Correlation between MRD in PB and BM [ Time Frame: 50 months after FPI ]
    MRD levels in the peripheral blood and in the bone marrow will be statistically compared.

  4. Longitudinal Analysis of European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer(EORTC): Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ-C30) at defined timepoints [ Time Frame: 50 months after FPI ]
    Outcome measure: scores of EORTC QLQ-C30 and QLQ-CLL17 Questionnaires at defined timepoints will be analyzed and compared to baseline level for each patient. Scoring of the QLQ-C30 is performed according to QLQ-C30 Scoring manual. All of the scales and single-item measures range in score from 0 to 100. Higher score for the functioning scales and global health status denote a better level of functioning (i.e. a better state of the patient), while higher scores on the symptom and single-item scales indicate a higher level of symptoms (i.e. a worse state of the patient)



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 120 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Documented CLL/SLL requiring treatment according to iwCLL criteria
  • Age at least 18 years
  • At least one of the following risk factors: 17p-deletion, TP53-mutation or complex karyotype (defined as defined as the presence of 3 or more chromosomal aberrations in 2 or more metaphases.).
  • Life expectancy ≥ six months
  • Adequate bone marrow function indicated by a platelet count >30 x10^9/l
  • Creatinine clearance ≥ 30ml/min
  • Adequate liver function as indicated by a total bilirubin ≤ 2 x, AST/ ALT ≤ 2.5 x the institutional ULN value, unless directly attributable to the patient's CLL or to Gilbert's Syndrome
  • Negative testing for hepatitis B (HbsAg negative and anti-HBc negative; patients positive for anti-HBc may be included if PCR for HBV DNA is negative and HBV-DNA PCR is performed every month until 12 months after last treatment cycle),or hepatitis C (negative testing for hepatitis C RNA within 6 wee
  • ks prior to registration for study screening (i.e. PCR only required when serology was positive))
  • ECOG (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status) status 0-2

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any prior CLL-specific therapies (except corticosteroid treatment administered due to necessary immediate intervention; within the last 10 days before start of study treatment, only dose equivalents up to 20 mg prednisolone are permitted)
  • Absence of high risk disease (17p-deletion, TP53-mutation complex karyotype
  • An individual organ/system impairment score of 4 as assessed by the CIRS definition (e.g. advanced cardiac disease (NYHA class 3 or 4) limiting the ability to receive the study treatment or any other life-threatening illness, medical condition or organ system dysfunction that, in the investigator´s opinion, could compromise the patients safety or interfere with the absorption or metabolism of the study drugs (e.g. inability to swallow tablets or impaired resorption in the gastrointestinal tract)
  • Transformation of CLL (Richter transformation)
  • Malignancies other than CLL currently requiring systemic therapies
  • Uncontrolled or active infection of HIV/PML or any other active infection
  • Anticoagulant therapy with warfarin or phenoprocoumon
  • Pregnant women and nursing mothers

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05197192


Contacts
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Contact: Barbara Eichhorst, MD, Prof. +4922147888220 barbara.eichhorst@uk-koeln.de
Contact: Anna Fink, MD +4922147888220 anna-maria.fink@uk-koeln.de

Locations
Show Show 30 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
German CLL Study Group
AstraZeneca
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Barbara Eichhorst, MD, Prof. Department I of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Cologne
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: German CLL Study Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05197192    
Other Study ID Numbers: CLL16
First Posted: January 19, 2022    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 10, 2022
Last Verified: May 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by German CLL Study Group:
CLL
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Leukemia, B-Cell
Venetoclax
Obinutuzumab
Acalabrutinib
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological