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Biopsy Based Study to Understand Mechanism of Action of Ianalumab in Salivary Glands and Explore Relationships With Clinical Assessments.

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05124925
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 18, 2021
Last Update Posted : August 1, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )

Brief Summary:
This study aims at elucidating the mechanism of action of ianalumab in salivary glands and explore relationships with clinical assessments

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sjogren Syndrome Biological: Ianalumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This is an open-label, non-randomized, biopsy-based mechanistic study on pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, safety and tolerability of ianalumab in patients with Sjögren's syndrome.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 24 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description:

This is an open label study (with no control arm) with a 5 weeks screening period, a 6-month treatment period and a follow up period of up to 2 years after the last dose The study consists of a first Run-in Phase that includes Screening and Baseline period of 35 days. After signing the Informed Consent, participants will be assessed as per inclusion/exclusion criteria. All study participants who successfully pass the screening will be considered eligible for the treatment period.

All eligible participants will enter the 6 months treatment period and will have the two other biopsies taken at the end of treatment (6 months after the baseline) and end of the study (EOS) after blood B cell recovery (from 5 months up to 2 years after the last dose).

Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-label, Non-randomized, Biopsy-based Mechanistic Study on Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics, Safety and Tolerability of Ianalumab in Patients With Sjögren's Syndrome
Actual Study Start Date : July 27, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 3, 2026
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 3, 2026

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment Arm
Ianalumab 300 mg subcutaneous monthly
Biological: Ianalumab
Ianalumab VAY736 150mg/1ml Solution for injection




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in logarithm of salivary gland B/B+T cell ratio [ Time Frame: Week 25 ]
    Change from baseline in logarithm of salivary gland B/B+T cell ratio at Week 25 (EOT)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of participants with Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 6 months treatment plus 2 years of follow-up ]
    Occurrence of treatment emergent adverse events (both serious and non-serious) during the study and occurrence of treatment emergent abnormal vital signs, laboratory and ECG data.

  2. Change from baseline in disease activity at salivary gland level by ultrasound imaging [ Time Frame: 6 months treatment plus 2 years of follow-up ]
    Changes in salivary gland tissue (parenchymal abnormalities, vascularization, perfusion and stiffness) by multimodal salivary gland ultrasound (SGUS) after treatment with ianalumab

  3. Incidence of ADA positive patients [ Time Frame: 6 months treatment plus 2 years of follow-up ]
    Serum anti-ianalumab antibody (ADA assay) and incidence of ADA positive patients as a measure of immunogenicity (IG) of ianalumab

  4. Change of salivary flow [ Time Frame: 6 months treatment plus 2 years of follow-up ]
    Defined as change in stimulated and unstimulated salivary flow from baseline

  5. Serum ianalumab concentrations PK parameters Tmax [ Time Frame: 6 months treatment plus 2 years of follow-up ]
    To assess the pharmacokinetics (PK) of ianalumab

  6. Serum ianalumab concentrations AUCinf [ Time Frame: 6 months treatment plus 2 years of follow-up ]
    To assess pharmacokinetics (PK) of ianalumab

  7. Serum ianalumab concentrations C-max [ Time Frame: 6 months treatment plus 2 years of follow-up ]
    To assess pharmacokinetiks (PK) of ianalumab

  8. Serum ianalumab concentrations PK parameters AUC from dosing to the time of the last measurable concentrations (AUClast) [ Time Frame: 6 months treatment plus 2 years of follow-up ]
    To assess the pharmacokinetics (PK) of ianalumab

  9. Serum ianalumab concentrations PK parameters half life (T1/2) [ Time Frame: 6 months treatment plus 2 years of follow-up ]
    To assess the pharmacokinetics (PK) of ianalumab

  10. Serum ianalumab concentrations PK parameters AUC calculated to the end of a dosing interval (tau) at steady state [ Time Frame: 6 months treatment plus 2 years of follow-up ]
    To assess the pharmacokinetics (PK) of ianalumab



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Confirmed primary Sjögren's syndrome according to the 2016 ACR/EULAR classification criteria Seropositive for anti-Ro/SSA antibodies Screening ESSPRI score ≥ 5

Exclusion Criteria:

Presence of another autoimmune rheumatic disease that is active and constitutes the primary illness Prior use of ianalumab Prior use of any B cell depleting therapy (e.g., rituximab or other anti-CD20 mAb, anti-CD22 mAb or anti-CD52 mAb) within 1 year prior to dosing B cell count < 50 cells/μL at screening 6. Current use of prednisone >10 mg/day [or equivalent other corticosteroid] or dose change within 2 weeks prior to dosing 7. Prior treatment with any of the following within 6 months of baseline

  1. CTLA4-Fc Ig (abatacept)
  2. Anti-TNF-α mAb
  3. Intravenous Ig
  4. Plasmapheresis
  5. i.v. or oral cyclophosphamide
  6. i.v. or oral cyclosporine A
  7. Patients taking either hydroxychloroquine more than 400 mg/day or methotrexate more than 25 mg weekly or leflunomide at not stable dose within 3 months prior to dosing.

    8. Active viral, bacterial or other infections 9. History of major organ, hematopoietic stem cell or bone marrow transplant 10. History of hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or to drugs of similar chemical classes (e.g., mAb of IgG1 class) or to any of the constituents of the study drug (sucrose, L-Arginine hydrochloride, L-histidine, polysorbate 80, hydrochloric acid) 11. Required regular use of medications known to cause dry mouth/eyes as a regular and major side effect 12. Receipt of live/attenuated vaccine within a 2 month period before baseline 13. History of primary or secondary immunodeficiency, or a positive HIV (ELISA and Western blot) test result 14. History of malignancy of any organ system (other than localized basal cell carcinoma of the skin, in situ cervical cancer), treated or untreated, within the past 5 years, regardless of whether there is evidence of local recurrence or metastases.

    15. History of head and neck radiation therapy or of having received radioactive iodine 16. Any one of the following screening values of CBC laboratory values:

    • Hemoglobin levels below 8.0 g/dL;
    • Total leukocyte count less than 2,000/μL;
    • Platelets <50 x 109/L (if between 50 and 80, the PI should check that it is linked to Sjögren's syndrome and not to any other disease);
    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) <1.0 x 109/L (one re-test is allowed during the screening period) 17. Positive serology for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg).

    Positive serology for hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb), except if all 3 following criteria are met:

    • HBV quantitative PCR for viral DNA is negative (i.e., <10 IU)
    • prophylactic treatment (with tenofovir or entecavir) initiated latest on day 1 and continued until 12 months after last treatment
    • hepatitis B monitoring is implemented: HBsAg (and HBV DNA) tested every 4 weeks and at least every 12 weeks after end of treatment for the entire duration of the follow-up. Antiviral prophylaxis must be implemented while on study and up to 12 months after end of study treatment.

      18. Positive hepatitis C test result. Participants with a positive HCV antibody test should have HCV RNA levels measured. Participants with positive (detectable) HCV RNA should be excluded.

      19. Evidence of active tuberculosis (TB) infection (after anti-TB treatment, patients with history of or latent TB may become eligible according to national guidelines) 20. Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women, where pregnancy is defined as the state of a female after conception and until the termination of gestation, confirmed by a positive hCG laboratory test 21. Women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP), defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, unless they are using highly effective methods of contraception during dosing and for 6 months after stopping of investigational medication. Highly effective contraception methods include:

    • Total abstinence (when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient). Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception
    • Female sterilization (have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy with or without hysterectomy) total hysterectomy or tubal ligation at least six weeks before taking investigational drug. In case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment
    • Male sterilization (at least 6 months prior to screening and confirmed as successful). For female patients in the study, the vasectomized male partner should be the sole partner for that patient
    • Use of oral, (estrogen and progesterone), injected or implanted hormonal methods of contraception or placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS) or other forms of hormonal contraception that have comparable efficacy (failure rate <1%), for example hormone vaginal ring or transdermal hormone contraception. In case of use of oral contraception women should have been stable on the same pill for a minimum of 3 months before taking investigational drug.

    Women are considered post-menopausal and not of child bearing potential if they have had 12 months of natural (spontaneous) amenorrhea with an appropriate clinical profile (e.g., age appropriate, history of vasomotor symptoms) or have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy (with or without hysterectomy), total hysterectomy or tubal ligation at least six weeks ago. In the case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment is she considered not of child bearing potential.

    If local regulations deviate from the contraception methods listed above to prevent pregnancy, local regulations apply and will be described in the informed consent form (ICF).

    22.Known contraindication to SonoVue (sulphur hexafluoride microbubbles) ultrasound contrast agent 23. Participants not registered in the social security system 24. Participants within the exclusion period of a preceding study 25. Any surgical, medical (e.g. uncontrolled hypertension, heart failure or diabetes) psychiatric or additional physical condition that the investigator feels may jeopardize the patient in case of participation in this study 26. People deprived of their liberty by a judicial or administrative decision (Article L1121-6 of the French Public Health Code) 27.Screening Labial minor salivary gland (LMSG) biopsy lymphocyte focus score < 0.5 or B/B+T ratio in the gland < 0.2


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT05124925


Contacts
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Contact: Novartis Pharmaceuticals +41613241111 novartis.email@novartis.com
Contact: Novartis Pharmaceuticals

Locations
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France
Novartis Investigative Site Recruiting
Brest, France, 29200
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
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Responsible Party: Novartis Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05124925    
Other Study ID Numbers: CVAY736A2103
First Posted: November 18, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 1, 2022
Last Verified: July 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description:

Novartis is committed to sharing access to patient-level data and supporting clinical documents from eligible studies with qualified external researchers. Requests are reviewed and approved by an independent review panel on the basis of scientific merit. All data provided is anonymized to protect the privacy of patients who have participated in the trial in line with applicable laws and regulations.

This trial data availability is according to the criteria and process described on www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com


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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals ):
Sjogren syndrome
VAY736
Ianalumab
dry eyes
dry mouth
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Sjogren's Syndrome
Syndrome
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Arthritis
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Xerostomia
Salivary Gland Diseases
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Dry Eye Syndromes
Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases
Eye Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases