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64Cu-DOTA-pembrolizumab PET for the Study of PD1 Expression

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04605614
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (slow accruals)
First Posted : October 28, 2020
Last Update Posted : June 9, 2022
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
City of Hope Medical Center

Brief Summary:
This phase I trial evaluates the best dose and side effects of copper (64Cu)-DOTA-pembrolizumab positron emission tomography (PET) for the study of PD1 expression. 64Cu is a radiotracer that binds to a molecule, PD1, that is found on immune cells that are found in the tumor. PD1 is short for 'programmed cell death protein 1'. When 64Cu-DOTA-pembrolizumab is injected into the patient's bloodstream, the 64Cu-pembrolizumab travels throughout the body and sticks to any tumor that has PD1 positive immune cells. Identifying the expression of PD1 in the tumor may help assess whether patients will respond to immunotherapy, and may detect clusters of immune cells when they are still too small to be detected by other Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved techniques.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hematopoietic and Lymphoid Cell Neoplasm Malignant Solid Neoplasm Radiation: Copper Cu 64-DOTA-pembrolizumab Biological: Pembrolizumab Procedure: Positron Emission Tomography Phase 1

Detailed Description:


I. To assess safety and tolerability of unlabeled pembrolizumab followed by 64Cu-tetraxetan (DOTA)-pembrolizumab positron emission tomography, at each dose level, by evaluation of toxicities including: type, frequency, severity, attribution, time course and duration.


I. Generate initial estimates of the biodistribution of the 64Cu-DOTA-pembrolizumab and the preferred dose of cold antibody.

II. Determine the dose of pre-administered unlabeled pembrolizumab that improves image quality by qualitative assessment by the radiologist of 64Cu-DOTA-pembrolizumab.

III. Evaluate the performance of 64Cu-DOTA-pembrolizumab in detecting tumor lesions.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of 64Cu-DOTA-pembrolizumab.

Patients receive pembrolizumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes, and within 6 hours also receive 64Cu-DOTA-pembrolizumab via slow IV push over > 1 minute on day 0. Patients then undergo PET over 60 minutes on day 1.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 3 days.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of 64Cu Pembrolizumab PET Imaging for In Vivo Expression of PD1
Estimated Study Start Date : August 15, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 30, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 30, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (pembrolizumab, 64Cu-DOTA-pembrolizumab, PET)
Patients receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes, and within 6 hours also receive 64Cu-DOTA-pembrolizumab via slow IV push over > 1 minute on day 0. Patients then undergo PET over 60 minutes on day 1.
Radiation: Copper Cu 64-DOTA-pembrolizumab
Given IV

Biological: Pembrolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Keytruda
  • Lambrolizumab
  • MK-3475
  • SCH 900475

Procedure: Positron Emission Tomography
Undergo PET
Other Names:
  • Medical Imaging, Positron Emission Tomography
  • PET
  • PET Scan
  • Positron Emission Tomography Scan
  • Positron-Emission Tomography
  • proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 3 days ]
    Toxicity will be graded according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI)-Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 5.0. Observed toxicities will be summarized, for all dose levels, in terms of type (organ affected or laboratory determination), severity, time of onset, duration, probable association with the study agent(s) and reversibility or outcome.

  2. Dose limiting toxicity [ Time Frame: During the first 3 days post the administration of radiolabeled pembrolizumab ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Detection of lesions in the body by 64Cu-DOTA-pembrolizumab positron emission tomography [ Time Frame: Up to 3 days ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All subjects must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent
  • Ability to undergo standard PET imaging
  • Plan to be treated with immunotherapy
  • Karnofsky performance status (KPS) >= 50%
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/mm^3
  • Platelet count >= 50/mm^3; platelet transfusions to help patients meet eligibility criteria are not allowed within 7 days before study enrollment
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x the upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 3 x ULN
  • Calculated creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min
  • Woman of childbearing potential must be practicing a highly effective method of birth control consistent with local regulations regarding the use of birth control methods for subjects participating in clinical studies: e.g., established use of oral, injected or implanted hormonal methods of contraception; placement of an intrauterine device or intrauterine system; barrier methods; condom with spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream/suppository or occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault caps) with spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream/suppository; male partner sterilization; true abstinence (when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject) during and after the study (6 months after the last dose of 64Cu-anti-PD1 [pembrolizumab]-N-hydroxysuccinimide [NHS]-DOTA for women)
  • A man who is sexually active with a woman of childbearing potential and has not had a vasectomy must agree to use a barrier method of birth control, e.g., either condom with spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream/suppository or partner with occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault caps) with spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream/suppository, and all men must also not donate sperm during the study and for 6 months after receiving the last dose of study drug

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior exposure to pembrolizumab or other anti-PD1 therapy
  • Unable to tolerate PET scan
  • Any condition that would, in the investigator's judgement, contraindicate the patient's participation in the clinical study due to safety concerns with clinical study procedures
  • Female patients who are lactating or have a positive pregnancy test during the screening period
  • Infection requiring systemic antibiotic therapy within 14 days prior to start of study treatment
  • Subject is receiving concurrent chemotherapy or biologic or hormonal therapy for cancer treatment. Subject is receiving bone marrow stimulatory factors (e.g., granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor [GM-CSF]). Note: Concurrent use of hormones for noncancer-related conditions (e.g., insulin for diabetes) is acceptable
  • Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study
  • Vaccination with live attenuated vaccines within 4 weeks of study agent administration
  • Subject is currently using or has used immunosuppressive medication within 14 days prior to the study agent administration
  • Intranasal, topical, inhaled, or local steroid injections (e.g., intra-articular injection)
  • Chronic systemic corticosteroids at physiologic doses not to exceed 10 mg/day of prednisone or equivalent
  • Steroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., infusion-related reactions, computed tomography [CT] scan premedication)
  • Subject has plasma cell leukemia, Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia, POEMS syndrome (polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal protein, and skin changes), or primary amyloidosis
  • Subject has known chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with a forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) < 50% predicted normal. Note that FEV1 testing is required for patients suspected of having COPD and subjects must be excluded if FEV1 < 50%
  • Subject has known allergies, hypersensitivity, or intolerance to monoclonal antibodies or human proteins, or their excipients
  • Subject has history of primary immunodeficiency
  • Subject is positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1), chronic or active hepatitis B, or active hepatitis A or C
  • Prospective participants who, in the opinion of the investigator, may not be able to comply with all study procedures (including compliance issues related to feasibility/logistics)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT04605614

Sponsors and Collaborators
City of Hope Medical Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Ammar Chaudhry City of Hope Medical Center
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Responsible Party: City of Hope Medical Center Identifier: NCT04605614    
Other Study ID Numbers: 20080
NCI-2020-07955 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
20080 ( Other Identifier: City of Hope Medical Center )
P30CA033572 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: October 28, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 9, 2022
Last Verified: June 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Trace Elements
Physiological Effects of Drugs