Psychological Distress in Emerging Adulthood: A Longitudinal Study (DistressEA)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04596345|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : October 22, 2020
Last Update Posted : May 17, 2022
|Condition or disease|
Emerging adulthood is often a period of some instability with relationship changes and often a series of job changes before life trajectories clarify and more lasting decisions are possible. These changes often produce distress and they might explain why most of the symptoms that impact the individual's mental health throughout their lives appear at this stage, although full-blown disorders are often only diagnosed subsequently. There are several studies that describe the prevalence of mental disorders in this age group, however, there are few studies that refer to how psychological distress changes during this phase of emotional, social, and financial instability. The few existent studies refer mostly to college student populations, with relative neglect of the non-student populations.
The objective of this study is to analyze the intraindividual changes in psychological distress of emerging adults over one year. These changes will be compared between those participants who are college students and those who are not. Sociodemographic data will be recorded in the first assessment and the last assessment, while psychological distress and health-related quality of life will be monitored bimonthly for seven assessment points in total. Everyday relevant events will be also recorded bimonthly for seven assessment points, and this information will be used as a time-varying covariate. An electronic survey will be used for data collection through formr system (https://formr.org/).
The results of this research will show if the distress changes significantly in the studied population for one year and it will be possible to identify some of the events and variables that are related to these changes. This knowledge might help to create interventions that are tailored to the needs of this population.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||800 participants|
|Official Title:||Psychological Distress in Emerging Adulthood: A Longitudinal Study|
|Actual Study Start Date :||October 15, 2020|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||March 7, 2022|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||September 30, 2022|
This group will include all those participants who declare to be attending a study program to get a higher education degree.
No intervention will be applied.
This group will include all those participants who are not attending a study program to get a higher education degree.
No intervention will be applied.
- Change on the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation (CORE) [ Time Frame: One year (seven assessment points at two-month intervals) ]A 34-item self-reported measure that assess psychological distress and how it changes considering four dimensions: subjective well-being (four items), problems and or symptoms (twelve items), life function (twelve items) and risk to self and others (six items). Higher scores indicate higher psychological distress. It is measure that can be downloaded free of charge from: www.coresystemtrust.org.uk. The Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation- Outcome Measure(CORE-OM) has shown good psychometric properties in college students (and a non-student general population sample) from Ecuador (http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00443-z)
- EuroQol five-dimensions - three-level (EQ-5D-3L) [ Time Frame: One year (seven assessment points at two-month intervals) ]A 5-item self-report measure of health-related quality of life states in adults, considering five dimensions (Mobility, Self-care, Usual activities, Pain & discomfort, Anxiety & Depression), each of which has three severity levels that are described by statements appropriate to that dimension. As result a 5-digit number describes person's health state profile. Higher scores represent more problems with regard to each dimension.
- EuroQol Visual Analogue Scale (EQ VAS) [ Time Frame: One year (seven assessment points at two-month intervals) ]This scale records the patient's self-rated health on a vertical visual analogue scale that ranges from 0= 'Best imaginable health state' to 100 = 'Worst imaginable health state'. The VAS will be used as a quantitative measure of health outcome .
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04596345
|Quito, Ecuador, EC170503|