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A Study in Patients With COVID-19 and Respiratory Distress Not Requiring Mechanical Ventilation, to Compare Standard-of-care With Anakinra and Tocilizumab Treatment The Immunomodulation-CoV Assessment (ImmCoVA) Study

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04412291
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 2, 2020
Last Update Posted : June 26, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Karolinska Institutet
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jonas Sundén-Cullberg, Karolinska University Hospital

Brief Summary:

The study is designed as a randomized, controlled, single-center open-label trial to compare standard-of-care (SOC) treatment with SOC + anakinra or SOC + tocilizumab treatment in hospitalized adult subjects who are diagnosed with severe COVID 19.

Arm A: Standard-of-care Treatment (SOC) Arm B: Anakinra + SOC Arm C: Tocilizumab + SOC.

All subjects will be treated with standard-of-care treatment and broad spectrum antibiotics initiated before or latest 24 hours after initiation of treatment with study drug.

The primary follow up period of the study is 29 days


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Covid-19 Drug: Anakinra Prefilled Syringe Drug: Tocilizumab Prefilled Syringe Drug: Standard-of-care treatment Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 120 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Single-center, Randomized, Open-label Study in Patients With COVID-19 and Respiratory Distress Not Requiring Mechanical Ventilation, to Compare Standard-of-care With Anakinra and Tocilizumab Treatment The Immunomodulation-CoV Assessment (ImmCoVA) Study
Actual Study Start Date : June 11, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Standard-of-care Treatment (SOC)

SOC according to local recommendations at the Karolinska University Hospital:

Oxygen supplementation so to achieve SpO2>93%. Antipyretic treatment (paracetamol) Thrombosis prophylaxis (Fragmin or Innohep) Antibiotics for seven days.

Drug: Standard-of-care treatment
SOC according to local recommendations at the Karolinska University Hospital. Oxygen supplementation so to achieve SpO2>93%. Antipyretic treatment (paracetamol) Thrombosis prophylaxis (Fragmin or Innohep). Antibiotics (in all arms)
Other Names:
  • Oxygen supplementation
  • Thrombosis prophylaxis

Active Comparator: Anakinra + SOC

Anakinra: A total dose of 400mg per day (divided in 4 doses of 100 mg iv every 6 hours) for 7 days.

SOC according to local recommendations at the Karolinska University Hospital. Oxygen supplementation so to achieve SpO2>93%. Antipyretic treatment (paracetamol) Thrombosis prophylaxis (Fragmin or Innohep) Antibiotics for seven days.

Drug: Anakinra Prefilled Syringe
A total dose of 400mg per day (divided in 4 doses of 100 mg iv every 6 hours) for 7 days.

Drug: Standard-of-care treatment
SOC according to local recommendations at the Karolinska University Hospital. Oxygen supplementation so to achieve SpO2>93%. Antipyretic treatment (paracetamol) Thrombosis prophylaxis (Fragmin or Innohep). Antibiotics (in all arms)
Other Names:
  • Oxygen supplementation
  • Thrombosis prophylaxis

Active Comparator: Tocilizumab + SOC.
Tocilizumab: 8mg/kg for a single infusion iv up to max 800 mg. If no clinical response is obtained, another dose of 8mg/kg may be administered after earliest 2 days SOC according to local recommendations at the Karolinska University Hospital. Oxygen supplementation so to achieve SpO2>93%. Antipyretic treatment (paracetamol) Thrombosis prophylaxis (Fragmin or Innohep) Antibiotics for seven days.
Drug: Tocilizumab Prefilled Syringe
8mg/kg for a single infusion iv up to max 800 mg. If no clinical response is obtained, another dose of 8mg/kg may be administered after earliest 2 days

Drug: Standard-of-care treatment
SOC according to local recommendations at the Karolinska University Hospital. Oxygen supplementation so to achieve SpO2>93%. Antipyretic treatment (paracetamol) Thrombosis prophylaxis (Fragmin or Innohep). Antibiotics (in all arms)
Other Names:
  • Oxygen supplementation
  • Thrombosis prophylaxis




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to recovery [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 29 ]

    Day of recovery is defined as the first day on which the subject satisfies one of the following three categories from the ordinal scale:1) Hospitalized, not requiring supplemental oxygen - no longer requires ongoing medical care 1; 2) Not hospitalized, limitation on activities and/or requiring home oxygen; 3) Not hospitalized, no limitations on activities.

    1 LMWH-injections (Fragmin, Innohep) do not count as medical care



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mortality [ Time Frame: Up to day 29 ]
  2. Number of Days on mechanical ventilation [ Time Frame: Up to day 29 ]
  3. Number of days of supplemental oxygen use [ Time Frame: Up to day 29 ]
  4. Number of patients requiring initiation of mechanical ventilation [ Time Frame: Up to day 29 ]
  5. Time to improvement in oxygenation for at least 48 hours [ Time Frame: Up to day 29 ]
    Definition of improvement in oxygenation: Increase in SpO2/FiO2 of 50 or greater compared to the nadir SpO2/FiO2

  6. Mean change in the 8-point ordinal scale [ Time Frame: Up to day 29 ]

    8-point Ordinal Scale:

    1. Death
    2. Hospitalized, on invasive mechanical ventilation or ECMO;
    3. Hospitalized, on non-invasive ventilation or high flow nasal cannula;
    4. Hospitalized, requiring supplemental oxygen
    5. Hospitalized, not requiring supplemental oxygen
    6. Hospitalized, not requiring supplemental oxygen - no longer requires ongoing medical care
    7. Not hospitalized, limitation on activities and/or requiring home oxygen;
    8. Not hospitalized

  7. Proportion of patients on level e-h on the 8-point ordinal scale at day 15 [ Time Frame: Day 15 ]

    8-point Ordinal Scale:

    1. Death
    2. Hospitalized, on invasive mechanical ventilation or ECMO;
    3. Hospitalized, on non-invasive ventilation or high flow nasal cannula;
    4. Hospitalized, requiring supplemental oxygen
    5. Hospitalized, not requiring supplemental oxygen
    6. Hospitalized, not requiring supplemental oxygen - no longer requires ongoing medical care
    7. Not hospitalized, limitation on activities and/or requiring home oxygen;
    8. Not hospitalized

  8. Time to improvement in one category from admission using the 8-point ordinal scale [ Time Frame: Up to day 29 ]

    8-point Ordinal Scale:

    1. Death
    2. Hospitalized, on invasive mechanical ventilation or ECMO;
    3. Hospitalized, on non-invasive ventilation or high flow nasal cannula;
    4. Hospitalized, requiring supplemental oxygen
    5. Hospitalized, not requiring supplemental oxygen
    6. Hospitalized, not requiring supplemental oxygen - no longer requires ongoing medical care
    7. Not hospitalized, limitation on activities and/or requiring home oxygen;
    8. Not hospitalized

  9. Mean change in Sequential organ failure assessment score (SOFA) [ Time Frame: Up to day 29 ]
  10. Time to resolution of fever for at least 48 hours by clinical severity [ Time Frame: Up to day 29 ]
    Defined as ≤36.6°C (axilla), ≤37.2°C (oral) or ≤37.8°C (rectal or tympanic)

  11. Time to change in National Early Warning Score 2 (NEWS2) scoring system [ Time Frame: Up to day 29 ]
    NEWS2 consists of: Physiological Parameters: Respiration rate (per minute), SpO2 Scale 1 (%), SpO2 Scale 2 (%), Use of air or oxygen, Systolic blood pressure (mmHg), Pulse (per minute), Consciousness, Temperature (°C)

  12. Time to score of <2 maintained for 24 hours in NEWS2 scoring system (National Early Warning Score) [ Time Frame: Up to day 29 ]
    NEWS2 consists of: Physiological Parameters: Respiration rate (per minute), SpO2 Scale 1 (%), SpO2 Scale 2 (%), Use of Air or oxygen, Systolic blood pressure (mmHg), Pulse (per minute), Consciousness, Temperature (°C)

  13. Mean change in NEWS2 scoring system (National Early Warning Score) [ Time Frame: Up to day 29 ]
  14. Number of days with fever [ Time Frame: Up to day 29 ]
    Fever defined as >36.6°C (axilla), >37.2°C (oral) or >37.8°C (rectal or tympanic)

  15. Number of days of resting respiratory rate >24 breaths/min [ Time Frame: Up to day 29 ]
  16. Time to saturation ≥94% on room air [ Time Frame: Up to day 29 ]
  17. Incidence of serious adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to day 60 ]
  18. Incidence of severe or life-threatening bacterial, invasive fungal, or opportunistic infection [ Time Frame: Up to day 29 ]
  19. Incidence of severe or life-threatening bacterial, invasive fungal, or opportunistic infection in patients with grade 4 neutropenia [ Time Frame: Up to day 60 ]
  20. Incidence of hypersensitivity reactions [ Time Frame: Up to day 29 ]
  21. Incidence of infusion reactions [ Time Frame: Up to day 29 ]
  22. Number of ventilator free days in the first 28 days [ Time Frame: Baseline to day 29 ]
  23. Number of patients requiring non-invasive ventilation [ Time Frame: Up to day 29 ]
  24. Number of patients requiring the use of high flow nasal cannula [ Time Frame: Up to day 29 ]
  25. Number of patients requiring Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) [ Time Frame: Up to day 29 ]
  26. Number of patients that have been admitted into an intensive care unit (ICU) [ Time Frame: Up to day 29 ]
  27. Number of days of hospitalization in survivors [ Time Frame: Up to day 29 ]
  28. Number of deaths due to any cause [ Time Frame: Up to day 60 ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection as determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or other commercial or public health assay
  2. SARS-CoV-2 infection with duration at least 7 days (as determined by onset of symptoms)
  3. PaO2 (or SpO2)/FiO2 < 26,8 kPa (200 mm Hg) for at least 8 hours, corresponding to 5 liters/minute of Oxygen to maintain SpO2 at 94%.
  4. CRP > 70 mg/L with no non-SARS-Cov2 infections.
  5. Ferritin > 500 µg/L
  6. At least two points on a scale of 0-3 where 1 point is awarded for each value of; lymphocytes < 1x 10(9)/L; D-dimer ≥ 0.5 mg/L and; Lactate Dehydrogenase ≥ 8 microkatal/L.
  7. Ability to provide informed consent signed by study patient
  8. Willingness and ability to comply with study-related procedures/assessments
  9. In fertile females, willing to comply with effective contraceptive methods for up to 3 months after last dose of study drug. These may include birth control pills, surgical sterilization of patient or partner or intrauterine device. Non-fertile woman is defined as more than 12 months of amenorrhea without an alternative medical cause or, in case of ambiguities, an FSH level in the postmenopausal range.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Pregnancy or breast feeding.
  2. Ongoing or completed mechanical ventilation.
  3. In the opinion of the investigator, unlikely to survive for >48 hours from screening.
  4. In the opinion of the investigator, expected overall survival due to other comorbidities less than 3 months.
  5. Chronic impairment of cardiac function NYHA II or higher.
  6. Severe renal dysfunction eGFR < 30 ml/min.
  7. Medical history including chronic liver disease with inflammation, fibrosis or cirrhosis including underlying diseases such as alcoholic liver disease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, chronic viral hepatitis, alcoholic liver disease, autoimmune liver disease, hemochromatosis, Wilson's disease, alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, cholangitis, or carcinoma.
  8. Uncontrolled hypertension Systolic BP >180 mm Hg, Diastolic BP > 110 mm Hg
  9. History of hypersensitivity to the study drugs
  10. Presence of any of the following abnormal laboratory values at screening: absolute neutrophil count (ANC) less than 2 x 109/L, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) greater than 5 x upper limit of normal (ULN), platelets <100 x 109/L
  11. Treatment with anakinra, anti-IL 6, anti-IL-6R antagonists, Janus kinase inhibitors (JAKi) in the past 30 days or plans to receive during the study period
  12. Current treatment with conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs)/immunosuppressive agents
  13. Use of chronic oral corticosteroids for a non-COVID-19-related condition in a dose higher than prednisone 10 mg or equivalent per day
  14. History of, or current autoimmune or inflammatory systemic or localized disease(s) other than rheumatoid arthritis
  15. Acute systemic infection; verified by blood cultures systemic bacterial infection, systemic fungi-infection or prosthesis-related infection
  16. History of stem-cell or solid organ transplantation
  17. Known active tuberculosis (TB), history of incompletely treated TB, suspected or known extrapulmonary TB, suspected or known systemic bacterial or fungal infections
  18. Diagnosis of, or suspicion of HIV infection, acute hepatitis A and/or chronic hepatitis B and/or C
  19. Previous history of gastrointestinal ulceration or diverticulitis.
  20. Patients who have received immunosuppressive antibody therapy within the past 3 months, including intravenous immunoglobulin or plans to receive during the study period
  21. Participation in any clinical research study evaluating an investigational product (IP) or therapy within 3 months and less than 5 half-lives of IP prior to the screening visit. The use of remdesivir in the context of a single-arm remdesivir compassionate use protocol is permitted)
  22. Any physical examination findings and/or history of any illness that, in the opinion of the study investigator, might confound the results of the study or pose an additional risk to the patient by their participation in the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04412291


Contacts
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Contact: Investigator Jonas Sundén-Cullberg, MD PhD +46-8-58580000 Jonas.sunden-cullberg@sll.se
Contact: Jon Lampa, MD PhD +46-8-58580000 jon.lampa@sll.se

Locations
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Sweden
Karolinska University Hospital Recruiting
Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden, 141 86
Contact: Jonas Sundén-Cullberg, MD, PHD       jonas.sunden-cullberg@sll.se   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Karolinska University Hospital
Karolinska Institutet
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Responsible Party: Jonas Sundén-Cullberg, MD, PhD, Karolinska University Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04412291    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2020-001748-24
First Posted: June 2, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 26, 2020
Last Verified: June 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Jonas Sundén-Cullberg, Karolinska University Hospital:
Coronavirus 2
SARS-CoV-2
Anakinra
Tocilizumab
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein
Antirheumatic Agents