Acquiring Convalescent Specimens for COVID-19 Antibodies
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government.
Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating.
Read our disclaimer for details.
Blood samples from participants who have recovered from COVID-19 infection will be obtained and studied. The goal of the research is to identify antibodies that have been generated by the patient to fight the COVID-19 infection. By identifying the most effective antibodies, scientists can make specific antibodies to use to prevent future coronavirus outbreaks or to treat patients with severe disease.
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has caused over 1,273,712 infections and over 69,458 deaths worldwide. Columbia University Irving Medical Center/NewYork-Presbyterian (CUIMC/NYP) has assembled a team of committed virologists, molecular biologists, chemists, and technologists to address this emerging threat. Monoclonal antibodies have become great additions to our therapeutic arsenal, primarily in treating cancer or autoimmune diseases. Recently, the use of monoclonal antibodies in combating infections such as respiratory syncytial virus and HIV have also become clear. In recent years, advanced cell sorting and sequencing technologies have been utilized to identify neutralizing antibodies from human B cells. This protocol will outline our approach to obtaining blood specimens from participants who are recovering from COVID-19 infection. Potential participants will be referred by health care providers from within the CUIMC/NYP system and from outside institutions. If the potential participant agrees to be contacted, study staff will call them to review the informed consent, eligibility criteria and study procedures, and set up a study visit for blood draw. Monoclonal antibodies that could potently neutralize 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) and related coronaviruses will be isolated from these specimens. Candidate monoclonal antibodies will then be optimized and evaluated for therapeutic potential. The ultimate goal would be able to produce a monoclonal antibody that could confer protection during an outbreak or be utilized to treat patients with severe COVID disease.
Number of antibodies against coronaviruses isolated and identified from patient samples [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months after collection visit ]
The blood specimen will be proceeded into peripheral blood mononuclear cells and plasma to be stored for testing. In brief, CD27+ memory B cells that can bind to a SARS-CoV-2 S protein bait will be sorted by flow cytometry and RNA will be extracted to obtain heavy and light chain sequences. Antibody sequences will be annotated using bioinformatics approaches, and candidate sequences will be cloned. Purified antibodies will be characterized and neutralization breadth and potency against SARS-CoV-2 and other related coronaviruses will be assessed using neutralization assays.
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
Whole blood from which peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and plasma will be processed.
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years to 65 Years (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Participants who have recovered from COVID-19 infection.
Age 18 to 65 (inclusive)
Confirmed COVID-19 infection by a FDA-approved molecular based assay (including those under emergency use authorization) of respiratory or blood specimens;
If symptomatic with COVID-19, must have evidence of improvement of symptoms and a duration of at least 4 weeks from the onset of symptoms to day of enrollment;
If asymptomatic, must have a duration of at least 4 weeks from first positive molecular based COVID-19 assay to day of enrollment