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Mitochondrial Capacity Boost in ALS (MICABO-ALS) Trial (MICABO-ALS)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04244630
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : January 28, 2020
Last Update Posted : July 23, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dallas VA Medical Center

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this research is to investigate the validity of a previous clinical trial named EH301, which showed beneficial effects of anti-oxidant therapies in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). If validated by this study, providing over-the-counter anti-oxidants would be a simple, low risk, low-cost approach to significantly slow or stop the progression of ALS, for which currently no effective treatment exists. It is currently thought that oxidative stress is a major cause of ALS. The study investigators are therefore planning to expand the original scope of the previous trial by including anti-oxidants at high doses that were not previously used. All of these compounds are considered safe.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) Combination Product: Antioxidants Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disorder that affects muscle function throughout the body. Weakness and muscle shrinkage begin either in the face, arm, or leg. A clinical ALS hallmark is rapidly progressive weight loss. Also, respiration is usually affected late in the disease, and death typically occurs as a consequence of respiratory failure. The median survival after disease onset is approximately 3-4 years.

While there are now two FDA-approved agents for patients with ALS, there are no interventions that have had a meaningful impact on the natural course of this disease. Riluzole prolongs survival by up to 12 weeks. Edaravone improves some aspects of neurological function in a small subset of patients, but that was ineffective in clinical studies that included ALS patients at all stages of disease.

Past failures to identify effective therapies reflect the complexity of ALS pathogenesis, in that no single therapeutic target has been identified. Thus, single agent or dual combination therapies are unlikely to succeed. Given the truly rapid and devastating nature of ALS and that there are no effective treatments for ALS, one can argue that it is critical to devise a different approach. Until the exact mechanisms that lead to ALS are identified, it is necessary to employ polytherapy which includes new agents that show promise.

This study will lay further groundwork on methodology for performing more definite trials in ALS. The study of secondary biomarkers in ALS is significant because there are currently no molecular or biochemical biomarkers for assessing therapeutic efficacy of drug treatments in ALS clinical trials. By doing this study, the study investigators hope to learn that high-dose anti-oxidants would be a simple, low risk, low-cost approach to significantly slow or stop the progression of ALS, for which currently no effective treatment exists. Participation in this research will last about 13 months

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Mitochondrial Capacity Boost in ALS (MICABO-ALS) Trial
Estimated Study Start Date : October 1, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2021


Arm Intervention/treatment
Antioxidants
Eligible patients will receive over-the-counter anti-oxidants, namley CoQ10, vitamin E, NAc cysteine, and L-cystine at defined doses.
Combination Product: Antioxidants
Over-the-counter anti-oxidants, namley CoQ10, vitamin E, NAc cysteine, and L-cystine at defined doses




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Measurement of serum NfL [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    The change in log serum NfL level from baseline to 12 months will be assessed using a linear mixed model and the differences in NfL level at 12 months from baseline assessed using a paired t-test.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Measurement of functional decline in ALS [ Time Frame: 12 months ]

    Functional decline in ALS patients will be measured using the ALS Functional Rating Scale - Revised (ALSFRS-R), change will be measured from baseline to 12 months.

    The ALSFRS-R is a quickly administered (five minutes) ordinal rating scale that assesses patients' capability and independence in 12 functional activities.


  2. Frequency of serious adverse events and adverse events. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    The frequency of serious adverse events and adverse events will be summarized using frequency and percentages.

  3. Survival analysis [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    This is a robust measure of effect in this rapidly progressing terminal disease. Survival has been a standard outcome measure in past clinical trials.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Change in serum CK level from baseline to 12 months [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    CK levels will be measured in a clinical laboratory by colorimetric measurements. Analysis of serum CK levels will be conducted similar to serum NfL.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. A clinical diagnosis by a study investigator of laboratory-supported probable, probable, or definite ALS, according to a modified El Escorial criterion (Appendix 2).
  2. 21 to 80 years of age inclusive.
  3. If patients are taking riluzole for ALS, they must be on a stable dose for at least thirty days prior to the baseline visit.
  4. Willing and able to give signed informed consent that has been approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB).

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Diagnosis of other neurodegenerative diseases (Parkinson disease, Alzheimer disease, etc.).
  2. Clinically significant history of unstable medical illness (unstable angina, advanced cancer, etc.) over the last 30 days.
  3. Infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  4. Limited mental capacity such that the patient cannot provide written informed consent or comply with evaluation procedures.
  5. History of recent alcohol or drug abuse or noncompliance with treatment or other experimental protocols. 6 Receipt of any investigational drug within the past 30 days.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04244630


Contacts
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Contact: Rehana Hussain, M.Sc. 214-648-7244 rehana.hussain@utsouthwestern.edu
Contact: Shirley OLeary, NP 214-857-4459 Shirley.OLeary@va.gov

Sponsors and Collaborators
Dallas VA Medical Center
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Olaf Stuve, M.D., Ph.D. Dallas VA Medical Center
Publications:

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Responsible Party: Dallas VA Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04244630    
Other Study ID Numbers: 19-094
First Posted: January 28, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 23, 2020
Last Verified: July 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Motor Neuron Disease
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Spinal Cord Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
TDP-43 Proteinopathies
Proteostasis Deficiencies
Metabolic Diseases
Antioxidants
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs