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Broccoli In Osteoarthritis (BRIO)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03878368
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 18, 2019
Last Update Posted : October 16, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
University of Leeds
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of East Anglia

Brief Summary:
To determine whether dietary sulforaphane (SFN), naturally available from eating broccoli, improves pain in people with knee osteoarthritis (OA), the trial will compare broccoli soup (rich in SFN) with a soup, which does not contain broccoli (control), but looks and tastes the same. Sixty-four participants with moderate osteoarthritis, chosen at random, will either have the broccoli or the control soup. The participants will eat the soup once-a-day, for 4 days-a-week for 3 months.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Osteoarthritis Dietary Supplement: Sulforaphane Dietary Supplement: Placebo Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

This is the first clinical trial to test the benefits of eating broccoli on pain and physical function in knee osteoarthritis (OA).

Many fruits and vegetables in the normal human diet contain substances that may improve human health or disease. There is increasingly strong laboratory data that indicate that exposure to these substances at the levels found in the diet influence the way in which osteoarthritis develops. Sulforaphane (SFN) is a naturally occurring substance found in vegetables such as broccoli and is known to have helpful effects on cartilage cells. Sulforaphane derived from broccoli, has a potential role in limiting pain and cartilage destruction in OA.

The investigators have shown that:

  • SFN can stop inflammation in mice with OA
  • SFN blocks the production of the enzymes which break down cartilage in OA, both in cell cultures and in pieces of cartilage
  • SFN enters the joint in participants provided with a high broccoli diet ahead of a knee replacement and alters the types of proteins present in the joint fluid

The investigators aim to discover for the first time in man, whether a broccoli-rich diet will improve pain and physical function in participants with knee osteoarthritis. The study will provide the much-needed preliminary data that will allow the investigators to design a clinical trial to prove that broccoli can be recommended as a helpful food for people with OA.

The trial will compare broccoli soup (rich in SFN) with a soup, which does not contain broccoli (control), but looks and tastes the same. Sixty-four participants with moderate osteoarthritis will either have the broccoli or the control soup, chosen at random. The participants will eat the soup once-a-day, for 4 days-a-week for 3 months. The investigators will measure pain and physical function at the start of the trial, at 6 weeks and at 12 weeks and look at the changes in these. The investigators will also take blood samples and collect urine to measure SFN levels.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 64 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Dietary Intervention Trial to Examine the Effect of Broccoli Bioactives (Specifically Sulforaphane) on Osteoarthritis (OA)
Actual Study Start Date : May 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 30, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 1, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Osteoarthritis

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Intervention
32 participants with moderate osteoarthritis will eat soup with the active ingredient once-a-day for 4 days-a-week for 3 months.
Dietary Supplement: Sulforaphane
Intervention soup with dietary sulforaphane

Active Comparator: Control
32 participants with moderate osteoarthritis will eat soup without the active ingredient once-a-day for 4 days-a-week for 3 months.
Dietary Supplement: Placebo
Control soup without dietary sulforaphane




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. WOMAC (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index) [ Time Frame: Baseline and 12 weeks. ]
    Change in the WOMAC (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index) pain subscale.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. WOMAC (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index): Pain [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    Pain (5 items): during walking, using stairs, in bed, sitting or lying, and standing upright

  2. WOMAC (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index): Physical Function [ Time Frame: 6 & 12 weeks ]
    Physical Function (17 items): using stairs, rising from sitting, standing, bending, walking, getting in / out of a car, shopping, putting on / taking off socks, rising from bed, lying in bed, getting in / out of bath, sitting, getting on / off toilet, heavy domestic duties, light domestic duties

  3. WOMAC (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index): Stiffness [ Time Frame: 6 & 12 weeks ]
    Stiffness (2 items): after first waking and later in the day

  4. 11 Point Pain Numerical Rating Scale (NRS): Average overall knee pain severity in the index knee over the past 1 week [ Time Frame: 6&12 weeks ]
    Minimum score '0' to maximum score '10' Lower numerical value is the better outcome

  5. 11 Point Pain Numerical Rating Scale (NRS): Worst knee pain severity in the index knee over the past 1 week [ Time Frame: 6&12 weeks ]
    Minimum score '0' to maximum score '10' Lower numerical value is the better outcome

  6. 11 Point Pain Numerical Rating Scale (NRS): Global disease activity over the past 1 week [ Time Frame: 6&12 weeks ]
    Minimum score '0' to maximum score '10' Lower numerical value is the better outcome

  7. 11 point pain Numerical Rating Scale (NRS): Satisfaction with index knee function over the past 1 week [ Time Frame: 6&12 weeks ]
    Minimum score '0' to maximum score '10' Lower numerical value is the better outcome

  8. 11 point pain Numerical Rating Scale (NRS): Average pain in other joints over the past 1 week [ Time Frame: 6&12 weeks ]
    Minimum score '0' to maximum score '10' Lower numerical value is the better outcome

  9. Pain in other joints [ Time Frame: 6&12 weeks ]
    Joint manikin

  10. Measure of Intermittent and Constant Osteoarthritis Pain (ICOAP) [ Time Frame: 6&12 weeks ]
    Self-Assessment

  11. Rescue analgesics/NSAIDs [ Time Frame: 6&12 weeks ]
    Use of rescue analgesics/NSAIDs



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Current knee pain, defined as pain in either knee, in the (one) month before Visit 1, for which the patient gives a severity score of at least 4 on a 0-10 numeric rating scale (NRS).
  2. The target knee should fulfil the criteria of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) for knee osteoarthritis defined as knee pain for most days of the prior month and at least one of the following three factors: age over 50 years; morning stiffness of less than 30 minutes; knee crepitus on motion.
  3. Kellgren Lawrence grade 2-3
  4. Stable analgesic usage (if using) for 4 weeks prior to trial entry and throughout the trial duration
  5. Able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements (willing to consume soup intervention).
  6. Willing to provide 24 hour urine collection samples (x3)
  7. Capable of giving informed consent and the consent must be obtained prior to any screening procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. The presence of any inflammatory arthritis (e.g. gout, reactive arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, seronegative spondylarthropathy) or fibromyalgia or metabolic bone disease.
  2. Any clinically significant uncontrolled concurrent illness, which, in the opinion of the Investigator, would impair ability to give informed consent or take part in or complete this clinical study.
  3. Known or suspected intolerance or hypersensitivity to the investigational product (broccoli) or standardised meal (see section 9.2), closely related compounds, or any of the stated ingredients.
  4. Use of an investigational product within 30 days prior to 'run in' period or active enrolment in another drug or vaccine clinical study.
  5. Significant knee injury or any knee surgery within the 6 months preceding enrolment in the study.
  6. A history of partial or complete joint replacement surgery in the signal knee at any time, listed for knee surgery, or anticipating knee surgery during the study period.
  7. Poor tolerability of venepuncture or lack of adequate venous access for required blood sampling during the study period
  8. Nutritional deficiency
  9. Use of anticoagulant medication (see notes for inclusion exclusion criteria)
  10. Use of intra-articular hyaluronic acid in the signal knee within the 3 months preceding enrolment in the study.
  11. Use of intra-articular, intra-muscular or oral corticosteroids in the 2 months preceding enrolment.
  12. Commencement of non-pharmacological interventions within two months preceding enrolment.
  13. Persons less than 50 years
  14. Pregnant/lactating women

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03878368


Contacts
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Contact: Rose Davidson, PhD +44(0)1603591789 R.Davidson@uea.ac.uk
Contact: Ian Clark, PhD +44 (0)1603 59 2760 I.Clark@uea.ac.uk

Locations
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United Kingdom
Norfolk & Norwich University Hospital Recruiting
Norwich, Norfolk, United Kingdom, NR4 7UY
Contact: Rose Davidson         
Chapel Allerton Hospital Recruiting
Leeds, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom, LS7 4SA
Contact: Sarah Kingsbury         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of East Anglia
University of Leeds
Investigators
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Study Director: Alexander MacGregor, PhD University of East Anglia

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Responsible Party: University of East Anglia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03878368    
Other Study ID Numbers: BRIO Protocol V4.0
First Posted: March 18, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 16, 2019
Last Verified: October 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by University of East Anglia:
Sulforaphane
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Osteoarthritis
Arthritis
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Sulforafan
Anticarcinogenic Agents
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents