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pTVG-HP and Nivolumab in Patients With Non-Metastatic PSA-Recurrent Prostate Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03600350
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : July 26, 2018
Last Update Posted : February 8, 2022
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Madison Vaccines Inc. (MVI)
AIQ Solutions
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Wisconsin, Madison

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety of an investigational DNA vaccine, pTVG-HP, a plasmid DNA encoding human prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP), in combination with nivolumab, and the efficacy of this combination in decreasing serum Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) in patients with non-metastatic, non-castrate prostate cancer (clinical stage D0/M0).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Prostate Cancer Biological: pTVG-HP Drug: Nivolumab Drug: GM-CSF Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 19 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Single-arm, single-institution, two-stage phase II trial
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of a DNA Vaccine Encoding Prostatic Acid Phosphatase (pTVG-HP) and Nivolumab in Patients With Non-Metastatic, PSA-Recurrent Prostate Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : September 10, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 31, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 31, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Prostate Cancer
Drug Information available for: Nivolumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment Group
  • Nivolumab 240 mg IV every two weeks x 6 beginning day 1, then every four weeks x 9 beginning week 12
  • pTVG-HP (100 µg) administered intradermally (i.d.) every two weeks x 6 beginning day 1, then every four weeks x 9 beginning week 12
  • rhGM-CSF (208 µg) administered intradermally (i.d.) every two weeks x 4 beginning week 4, then every four weeks x 9 beginning week 12 NOTE: Only administered to patients for whom serum PSA obtained week 4 > serum PSA obtained at day 1.
Biological: pTVG-HP
Plasmid DNA vaccine encoding Prostatic Acid Phosphatase (PAP)

Drug: Nivolumab
Nivolumab is a human programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1)-blocking antibody indicated for the treatment of patients with multiple different types of cancer.
Other Name: Opdivo

Drug: GM-CSF
Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a growth factor that supports the survival, clonal expansion and differentiation of hematopoietic progenitor cells including dendritic antigen presenting cells.
Other Names:
  • Leukine
  • Sargramostim

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of subjects within acceptable toxicity boundaries [ Time Frame: up to 48 weeks ]
    Subjects will be evaluated at each visit by a review of systems based on the most recent version of the NCI common toxicity criteria. Safety and Tolerability of this intervention is defined as following: a toxicity rate p0 of at most 15% of Grade ≥ 3 toxicity events (CTCAE v.4.0) will be considered as acceptable while a toxicity rate p1=35% or more will be considered as unacceptably high. Percentage of subjects within acceptable toxicity boundaries will be reported (95% confidence intervals constructed using the Wilson score method).

  2. Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Complete Response (CR) Rate [ Time Frame: up to 48 weeks ]
    A PSA CR will be defined as the percentage of participants with a serum PSA <0.2 ng/mL and confirmatory PSA <0.2 ng/mL at least 4 weeks later, as per Prostate Cancer Working Group 2 (PCWG2) recommendations. To qualify as a PSA CR, there must be no evidence of radiographic progression.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Metastasis-free Survival Rate [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    The 2-year metastasis-free survival will be determined by investigator review of radiographic studies (CT/MRI and bone scintigraphy) performed 2 years after study initiation in subjects who have not already met criteria for radiographic progression.

  2. Median Radiographic Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    All participants will undergo radiographic imaging prior to treatment and at 6-month intervals (or as clinically required). The appearance of lesions consistent with metastatic disease will be used to define radiographic progression.

  3. PSA Doubling Time [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Post-treatment doubling time will be calculated from: 1) All PSA values obtained from the same clinical laboratory using the same PSA assay beginning with the PSA value at day 1 (week 0) and continuing until the end-of study (or month 24) value (PSADT 0-24). 2) All PSA values obtained from the same clinical laboratory using the same PSA assay beginning with the PSA value at day 85 (month 3) to the day 253 (month 9) value (PSADT 3-9).

  4. PSA Response Rate (</= 50% of baseline) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    The percentage of participants with PSA values less than or equal to their baseline value after 2 year.

  5. Number of participants requiring GM-CSF as an adjuvant after week 4 [ Time Frame: up to week 4 ]
    GM-CSF is used as a adjuvant if the PSA at week 4 is higher than baseline.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must be at least 18 years of age with a histologic diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the prostate
  • Patients must have undergone radical prostatectomy
  • Patients must have completed local therapy by surgery and any adjuvant/salvage radiation therapy at least 3 months prior to entry, with removal or ablation of all visible disease, including seminal vesical and/or local lymph node involvement.
  • Patients must have biochemically recurrent, non-metastatic (by CT and bone scan) clinical stage D0/M0 disease defined by the following:

    • Patients must have evidence of detectable serum PSA with at least 4 serum PSA measurements available, from the same clinical laboratory, at least two weeks apart up to one year, and the final serum PSA value must be > 2.0 ng/mL.
    • PSA doubling time, calculated from most recent 4 serum PSA values (collected up to one year prior to enrollment, at least 2 weeks apart, and all from the same clinical laboratory), must be a positive number (i.e. evidence of PSA rise over time).
    • PSA doubling time will be calculated using the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center nomogram (
    • Patients must not have definitive evidence of metastases as determined by CT of the abdomen/pelvis and bone scintigraphy (bone scan). Note: patients with lesions detectable by highly sensitive methods (e.g. NaF PET imaging or PSMA PET imaging) will be considered eligible as long as these lesions do not meet size criteria on CT imaging (visceral lesions suspicious for metastases or lymph node > 15 mm in short axis) and/or are not independently observed on bone scan
  • Patients with a prior history of a second malignancy are eligible provided they have been treated with curative intent and have been free of disease greater than three years. There will be no exclusion for patients with a history of basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer, or other in situ carcinoma that has been adequately treated.
  • Patients who are sexually active must use a reliable form of contraception while on study and for 4 weeks after the last immunization.
  • ECOG performance score < 2 and life expectancy of at least 12 months.
  • Patients must have normal hematologic, renal and liver function as defined by: WBC > 3000/mm3, hematocrit > 30%, platelet count > 100,000/mm3, serum creatinine < 1.5 mg/dl or a calculated creatinine clearance > 60 cc/min, AST or ALT < 3.0x ULN, and serum bilirubin < 2.0 mg/dl(except participants with Gilbert Syndrome, who can have total bilirubin < 3.0 mg/dL), within 4 weeks prior to first immunization.
  • Patients must be informed of the experimental nature of the study and its potential risks and must sign an IRB-approved written informed consent form indicating such an understanding.
  • Willingness to provide blood samples for immune studies, per study calendar, up to one year after study, even if off study treatment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Small cell or other variant prostate cancer histology
  • Patients cannot have evidence of immunosuppression or have been treated with immunosuppressive therapy, such as chemotherapy or chronic treatment dose corticosteroids (greater than the equivalent of 10 mg prednisone per day), within 3 months of the first vaccination.
  • Seropositive for HIV, hepatitis B (HBV) or hepatitis C (HCV) per patient history due to the immunosuppressive features of these diseases.
  • Prior treatment with an LHRH agonist or nonsteroidal antiandrogen, except in the following circumstances: Neoadjuvant/adjuvant androgen deprivation therapy administered with radiation therapy or at the time of prostatectomy is acceptable, provided that there was no evidence of PSA progression while on treatment. In this situation, patients must not have received more than 24 months of androgen deprivation treatment. Other treatment with androgen deprivation therapy is prohibited.
  • Serum testosterone at screening < 50 ng/dL.
  • Patients must not be concurrently taking other medications or supplements with known hormonal effects, including PC-SPES, megestrol acetate, finasteride, ketoconazole, estradiol, or Saw Palmetto. All other medications with possible anticancer effects must be discussed with the PI prior to study entry.
  • Patients previously treated with herbal supplements as described in 5.B.6 or other potential or experimental therapies for prostate cancer must have discontinued these treatments and completed at least a 4 week washout prior to beginning treatment.
  • Patients must not have evidence of bone metastases or lymph node involvement as determined by bone scan or CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis within 4 weeks of study registration. Note: Advanced imaging modalities (such as NaF-PET/CT, choline PET/CT, fluciclovine, or PSMA PET scans) will NOT be used to determine evidence of metastases for eligibility purposes or for defining disease progression.
  • Patients must not have been treated with a prior DNA vaccine therapy for prostate cancer.
  • Patients must not have known psychological or sociological conditions, addictive disorders or family problems, which would preclude compliance with the protocol.
  • Patients must not have known allergic reactions to GM-CSF.
  • Patients with unstable or severe intercurrent medical conditions or laboratory abnormalities that would impart, in the judgment of the PI, excess risk associated with study participation or study agent administration.
  • Patients cannot have concurrent enrollment on other phase I, II, or III investigational therapeutic treatment studies.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03600350

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United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53705
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Madison Vaccines Inc. (MVI)
AIQ Solutions
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Principal Investigator: Hamid Emamekhoo University of Wisconsin, Madison
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: University of Wisconsin, Madison Identifier: NCT03600350    
Other Study ID Numbers: UW18008
2018-0418 ( Other Identifier: IRB Number )
A534260 ( Other Identifier: UW Madison )
SMPH/MEDICINE/HEM-ONC ( Other Identifier: UW Madison )
NCI-2018-01474 ( Registry Identifier: NCI Trial ID )
Protocol Version 10/18/2019 ( Other Identifier: UW Madison )
First Posted: July 26, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 8, 2022
Last Verified: February 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Prostatic Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs