Effectiveness of Orthokeratology in Myopia Control
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03465748|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : March 14, 2018
Last Update Posted : February 9, 2021
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Myopia||Device: OrthoK||Not Applicable|
Orthokeratology (ortho-k), when used for partial or full correction of myopia, has been shown to slow myopic progression in children by 36-56% as compared to their spectacle or contact-lens wearing peers.1 This effect is achieved by limiting the axial elongation of the eye,1, 2,3, 4 which is of particular concern in high myopes (>6.00D) and children, where myopic progression has been shown to proceed at a faster rate than average.1 As early intervention is considered beneficial if not essential, Ortho-k as a treatment modality for diminishing myopic progression has, to our knowledge, been studied mostly in Asian children.
The safety and efficacy of ortho-k as a means of decreasing myopic progression was well established by the Children's Overnight Orthokeratology Investigation (COOKI), who evaluated refractive error, visual changes and ocular health over a period of 6 months in myopic children. 7 The Longitudinal Orthokeratology Research in Children (LORIC) study looked at axial elongation in children as old as 12 years, and found that ortho-k decreased axial elongation by approximately 50% compared to be-spectacled controls. 2 They also noted, however, high variability amongst the children that limits the clinician's ability to predict the outcome of the intervention.2 The Corneal Reshaping and Yearly Observation of Myopia (CRAYON) study confirmed that patients fit with ortho-k lenses showed less change in axial length and vitreous chamber depth when compared to subjects wearing soft contact lenses. 3 Other more recent studies by Santodomingo-Rubido et al, 7 Kakita et al4 and Charm et al1 confirm this decrease in axial elongation using IOL Master measurements.
The most commonly accepted theory on how orthokeratology decreases axial elongation relies on the peripheral defocus created on the retina by the corneal changes made by the rigid lens. 9 Hoogerheide et al showed that those at greatest risk for myopic progression were those whose peripheral refraction was hypermetropic10 - that is, they had a hyperopic peripheral 'defocus'. A number of studies have since suggested that treatment approaches to myopia correction should address this peripheral refraction as a means of slowing further axial elongation.9 When looking at subjects treated with ortho k, we see that the lenses do in fact introduce a peripheral myopic defocus while leaving the central refraction more or less emmetropic. 9 With this study, the investigators hope to expand potential application of orthokeratology to a novel population, AA children.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||45 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Effectiveness of Orthokeratology in Myopia Control|
|Actual Study Start Date :||May 1, 2017|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||January 31, 2021|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||May 31, 2021|
The study will be a randomized control study using a single-masked design to investigate axial elongation and myopic progression in children wearing ortho-k lenses (study group) versus single-vision spectacles or soft contact lenses (control group) for a period of 24 months. A minimum of 40 and a maximum of 60 subjects will be recruited from patients at Illinois Eye Institute. Once eligibility has been determined by an unmasked observer, patients will be randomly assigned to either the orthokeratology group or the single-vision contact lens /spectacle group
orthok (orthokeratology) is the science of changing the curvature or shape of the cornea to change how light is focused on the retina at the back of one's eye. Specially designed molding retainer contact lenses are placed on the eye at night and are removed upon awakening.
No Intervention: Control
The study will be a randomized control study using a single-masked design to investigate axial elongation and myopic progression in children wearing ortho-k lenses (study group) versus single-vision spectacles (control group) for a period of 24 months. A minimum of 40 and a maximum of 60 subjects will be recruited from patients at Illinois Eye Institute. Once eligibility has been determined by an unmasked observer, patients will be randomly assigned to either the orthokeratology group or the single-vision contact lens /spectacle group
- VA [ Time Frame: 2 years ]Visual Acuity
- Axial Length [ Time Frame: 2 years ]Axial Length
- Myopia Progression [ Time Frame: 2 years ]Autrorefraction
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03465748
|United States, Illinois|
|Illinois Eye Institute|
|Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60616|
|Study Chair:||Yi Pang, OD||Illinois College of Optometry|