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A Study of Fitusiran (ALN-AT3SC) in Severe Hemophilia A and B Patients Without Inhibitors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03417245
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 31, 2018
Results First Posted : February 4, 2022
Last Update Posted : March 28, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sanofi ( Genzyme, a Sanofi Company )

Brief Summary:

Primary Objective:

-To evaluate the efficacy of fitusiran compared to on-demand treatment with factor concentrates, as determined by the frequency of bleeding episodes.

Secondary Objectives:

  • To evaluate the efficacy of fitusiran compared to on-demand treatment with factor concentrates, as determined by:

    • The frequency of spontaneous bleeding episodes.
    • The frequency of joint bleeding episodes.
    • Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in participants >=17 years of age.
  • To determine the frequency of bleeding episodes during the onset period.
  • To determine the safety and tolerability of fitusiran.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hemophilia A Hemophilia B Drug: fitusiran Drug: factor concentrates Phase 3

Detailed Description:

The duration of treatment with fitusiran was 9 months. The estimated total time on study, inclusive of screening, was up to 11 months for all participants in the factor on-demand arm and for participants in the fitusiran arm who enrolled in the extension study (LTE15174). The estimated total time on the study was up to 17 months for participants in the fitusiran treatment arm who did not enroll in the extension study due to the requirement for up to an additional 6 months of follow-up monitoring for antithrombin levels.

Participants who completed the study will be eligible for an open-label extension study LTE15174 (NCT03754790).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 120 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: ATLAS-A/B: A Phase 3 Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Fitusiran in Patients With Hemophilia A or B, Without Inhibitory Antibodies to Factor VIII or IX
Actual Study Start Date : March 1, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 26, 2021
Actual Study Completion Date : July 14, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Bleeding Hemophilia

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Factor On-demand
Participants received on-demand factor concentrates (as needed, for episodic bleeding episodes, and not on a regular regimen intended to prevent spontaneous bleeding) per Investigator discretion for the treatment of breakthrough bleeding episodes from Day 1 up to a total of 9 months.
Drug: factor concentrates
by intravenous (IV) injection

Experimental: Fitusiran 80 mg Prophylaxis
Participants received open-label fitusiran 80 milligram (mg) administered subcutaneously (SC) as prophylaxis once monthly from Day 1 up to a total of 9 months. Participants received on-demand factor concentrates (per investigator's discretion and within bleeding dosing guidelines) for the treatment of breakthrough bleeding episodes.
Drug: fitusiran
by SC injection

Drug: factor concentrates
by intravenous (IV) injection




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Estimated Annualized Bleeding Rate (ABR) for Treated Bleeds During the Efficacy Period [ Time Frame: From Day 29 up to Day 246 or up to the last day of bleeding follow up (any day up to Day 246), whichever was the earliest ]
    ABR for a participant during efficacy period (EP) was defined as annualized number of bleeding episodes during EP annualized to a 1-year interval of time. Treated Bleeding episode: any occurrence of hemorrhage that required administration of by-passing agents (BPA) or factor. It started from first sign of a bleed and ended no more than 72 hours after last treatment for bleed, within which any symptoms of bleeding at same location or injections less than or equal to (<=) 72 hours apart were considered the same bleeding episode. EP was defined as time duration starting from Day 29 when antithrombin (AT) lowering capacity of fitusiran had achieved therapeutic target range to the earliest of Day 246 or last day of bleeding follow up (maximum duration of EP: from Day 29 to Day 246). This outcome measure (OM) presents estimated results (i.e., results received by applying negative binomial [NB] regression model on data collected during EP).

  2. Observed Annualized Bleeding Rate (ABR) for Treated Bleeds During the Efficacy Period [ Time Frame: From Day 29 up to Day 246 or up to the last day of bleeding follow up (any day up to Day 246), whichever was the earliest ]
    ABR for a participant during EP was defined as annualized number of bleeding episodes during EP annualized to a 1-year interval of time. ABR= number of bleeding episodes during EP divided by total number of days during EP*365.25. A bleeding episode was defined as any occurrence of hemorrhage that required administration of BPA or factor. It started from the first sign of a bleed and ended no more than 72 hours after the last treatment for the bleed, within which any symptoms of bleeding at the same location or injections <=72 hours apart were considered the same bleeding episode. EP was defined as time duration starting from Day 29 when the AT lowering capacity of fitusiran had achieved therapeutic target range to the earliest of Day 246 or the last day of bleeding follow up (maximum duration of EP: from Day 29 to Day 246). This OM presents observed results (i.e., descriptive statistics values based on the data collected during EP).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Estimated Annualized Bleeding Rate (ABR) for Treated Bleeds During the Treatment Period [ Time Frame: From Day 1 up to Day 246 or up to the last day of bleeding follow up (any day up to Day 246), whichever was the earliest ]
    ABR for a participant during treatment period (TP) was defined as annualized number of bleeding episodes during TP annualized to a 1-year interval of time. Bleeding episode: any occurrence of hemorrhage that required administration of BPA or factor. It started from first sign of a bleed and ended no more than 72 hours after last treatment for bleed, within which any symptoms of bleeding at same location or injections <=72 hours apart were considered the same bleeding episode. TP was sum of onset period (first 28 days after first dose of fitusiran) and EP (starting on Day 29 when AT lowering capacity of fitusiran had achieved therapeutic target range to earliest of Day 246 or last day of bleeding follow up (maximum duration of TP: from Day 1 to Day 246). This OM presents estimated results (i.e., results received by applying NB regression model on data collected during TP).

  2. Observed Annualized Bleeding Rate (ABR) for Treated Bleeds During the Treatment Period [ Time Frame: From Day 1 up to Day 246 or up to the last day of bleeding follow up (any day up to Day 246), whichever was the earliest ]
    ABR for a participant during TP was defined as annualized number of bleeding episodes during TP annualized to a 1- year interval of time. ABR= number of bleeding episodes during TP divided by total number of days during TP*365.25. Bleeding episode: any occurrence of hemorrhage that required administration of BPA or factor. It started from the first sign of a bleed and ended no more than 72 hours after last treatment for bleed, within which any symptoms of bleeding at the same location or injections <=72 hours apart were considered the same bleeding episode. TP was sum of onset period (first 28 days after the first dose of fitusiran) and EP (starting on Day 29 when AT lowering capacity of fitusiran had achieved therapeutic target range to the earliest of Day 246 or the last day of bleeding follow up (maximum duration of TP: from Day 1 to Day 246). This OM presents observed results (i.e., descriptive statistics values based on data collected during TP).

  3. Estimated Annualized Spontaneous Bleeding Rate for Treated Bleeds During the Efficacy Period [ Time Frame: From Day 29 up to Day 246 or up to the last day of bleeding follow up (any day up to Day 246), whichever was the earliest ]
    Annualized spontaneous bleeding rate for a participant during EP was defined as annualized number of spontaneous bleeding episodes during EP annualized to a 1-year interval of time. Spontaneous bleeding episode was bleeding event that occurred for no apparent or known reason, particularly into joints, muscles, and soft tissues. It started from first sign of a bleed and ended no more than 72 hours after last treatment for the bleed, within which any symptoms of bleeding at the same location or injections <=72 hours apart were considered the same bleeding episode. EP was defined as time duration starting from Day 29 when AT lowering capacity of fitusiran had achieved therapeutic target range to the earliest of Day 246 or last day of bleeding follow up (maximum duration of EP: from Day 29 to Day 246). This OM presents estimated results (i.e., results received by applying NB regression model on data collected during EP).

  4. Observed Annualized Spontaneous Bleeding Rate for Treated Bleeds During the Efficacy Period [ Time Frame: From Day 29 up to Day 246 or up to the last day of bleeding follow up (any day up to Day 246), whichever was the earliest ]
    ABR for participant during EP was defined as annualized number of spontaneous bleeding episodes during EP annualized to a 1-year interval of time. ABR=number of treated spontaneous bleeding episodes during EP divided by total number of days during EP*365.25. Spontaneous bleeding episode was bleeding event that occurred for no apparent or known reason, into joints, muscles, and soft tissues. It started from the first sign of a bleed and ended no more than 72 hours after the last treatment for the bleed, within which any symptoms of bleeding at the same location or injections <=72 hours apart were considered the same bleeding episode. EP: time duration starting from Day 29 when the AT lowering capacity of fitusiran had achieved therapeutic target range to earliest of Day 246 or the last day of bleeding follow up (maximum duration of EP: from Day 29 to Day 246).This OM presents observed results (i.e., descriptive statistics values based on data collected during EP).

  5. Estimated Annualized Joint Bleeding Rate for Treated Bleeds During the Efficacy Period [ Time Frame: From Day 29 up to Day 246 or up to the last day of bleeding follow up (any day up to Day 246), whichever was the earliest ]
    Annualized joint bleeding rate for a participant during EP was defined as annualized number of bleeding episodes during EP annualized to a 1-year interval of time. Joint bleeding episode was characterized by an unusual sensation in the joint ("aura") in combination with 1) increasing swelling or warmth over the skin, joint, 2) increasing pain, or 3) progressive loss of range of motion or difficulty in using the limb as compared with Baseline. It started from first sign of a bleed and ended no more than 72 hours after last treatment for the bleed. EP was defined as time duration starting from Day 29 when the AT lowering capacity of fitusiran had achieved therapeutic target range to the earliest of Day 246 or the last day of bleeding follow up (maximum duration of EP: from Day 29 to Day 246). This OM presents estimated results (i.e., results received by applying NB regression model on data collected during EP).

  6. Observed Annualized Joint Bleeding Rate for Treated Bleeds During the Efficacy Period [ Time Frame: From Day 29 up to Day 246 or up to the last day of bleeding follow up (any day up to Day 246), whichever was the earliest ]
    Annualized joint bleeding rate for participant during EP was defined as annualized number of joint bleeding episodes during EP annualized to 1-year interval of time. ABR= number of treated joint bleeding episodes during EP divided by total number of days during EP*365.25. A joint bleeding episode was characterized by an unusual sensation in joint ("aura") in combination with 1) increasing swelling or warmth over skin, joint, 2) increasing pain, or 3) progressive loss of range of motion or difficulty in using limb as compared with Baseline. It started from first sign of a bleed and ended no more than 72 hours after the last treatment for the bleed. EP: time duration starting from Day 29 when the AT lowering capacity of fitusiran had achieved therapeutic target range to the earliest of Day 246 or last day of bleeding follow up (maximum duration of EP: from Day 29 to Day 246). This OM presents observed results (i.e., descriptive statistics values based on data collected during EP).

  7. Health-related Quality of Life (HRQOL): Change From Baseline in Haemophilia Quality of Life Questionnaire for Adults (Haem-A-QOL) Physical Health Score at Month 9 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1), Month 9 ]
    Haem-A-QoL: participant-reported questionnaire designed for adult participants (>=17 years of age) with hemophilia; and consisted of 46 items comprising 10 domains (physical health, feelings, view of yourself, sports and leisure, work and school, dealing with hemophilia, treatment, future, family planning, partnership and sexuality). Scoring for each item was based on a 5-point Likert scale (1= never, 2= rarely, 3= sometimes, 4= often, and 5=all the time), and higher scores represented greater impairment. Change from baseline in physical health domain score was reported in this outcome measure. Raw score for physical health domain were transformed to a scale ranged from 0 (better health outcome) to 100 (worst health outcome), where lower scores denoted better physical health.

  8. Health-related Quality of Life (HRQOL): Change From Baseline in Haem-A-QOL Total Score at Month 9 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1), Month 9 ]
    Haem-A-QoL: participant-reported questionnaire designed for adult participants (>=17 years of age) with hemophilia; and consisted of 46 items comprising 10 domains (physical health, feelings, view of yourself, sports and leisure, work and school, dealing with hemophilia, treatment, future, family planning, partnership and sexuality). Scoring for each item was based on a 5-point Likert scale (1= never, 2= rarely, 3= sometimes, 4= often, and 5=all the time), and higher scores represent greater impairment. Raw score for each domain were transformed to a scale ranged between 0 and 100, where lower scores denoted better health. Haem-A-QoL total score was average of all domain scores and ranged from 0 (better health outcome) to 100 (worst health outcome), where lower scores denoted better physical health.

  9. Estimated Annualized Bleeding Rate (ABR) for Treated Bleeds During the Onset Period [ Time Frame: From Day 1 up to Day 28 or up to the last day of bleeding follow up (any day up to Day 28), whichever was the earliest ]
    ABR was annualized number of bleeding episodes during onset period per participant annualized to a 1-year interval of time. A treated bleeding episode was defined as any occurrence of hemorrhage that required administration of BPA or factor. It started from the first sign of a bleed and ended no more than 72 hours after the last treatment for the bleed, within which any symptoms of bleeding at the same location or injections <=72 hours apart were considered the same bleeding episode. The onset period was defined as time interval from Day 1 to the earlier of Day 28 or the last day of bleeding follow up. This OM presents estimated results (i.e., results received by applying NB regression model on data collected during onset period).

  10. Number of Participants With Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) and Treatment-Emergent Serious Adverse Events (TESAEs) [ Time Frame: From Baseline (Day 1) up to 15 months (i.e., 9 months treatment period + 6-month follow-up) ]
    An adverse event (AE) was defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a participant who received study drug which did not necessarily have a causal relationship with the treatment. Treatment-emergent AEs were defined as any AE with onset date after first dose of fitusiran in the fitusiran prophylaxis arm or after Day 1 visit in the factor on-demand arm. A serious AE (SAE) was defined as any untoward medical occurrence that at any dose: resulted in death, was life-threatening, required inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, resulted in persistent or significant disability or incapacity, was a congenital anomaly or birth defect, or was a medically important event.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Males, >=12 years of age.
  • Severe hemophilia A or B without inhibitors.

    • Severity confirmed by a central laboratory where FVIII level was less than (<) 1 percent (%) or Factor IX (FIX) level was less than or equal to (<=) 2% at Screening.
    • On-demand use of factor concentrate to manage bleeding episodes for at least the last 6 months prior to Screening, and meet each of the following criterion:

      • Nijmegen modified Bethesda assay inhibitor titer of <0.6 Bethesda units per milliliter (BU/mL) at Screening.
      • No use of Bypassing agents to treat bleeding episodes for at least the last 6 months prior to Screening.
      • No history of immune tolerance induction therapy within the last 3 years prior to Screening.
  • A minimum of 6 bleeding episodes requiring factor concentrate treatment within the last 6 months prior to Screening.
  • Willing and complied with the study requirements and to provide written informed consent and assent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known co-existing bleeding disorders other than hemophilia A or B, i.e., Von Willebrand's disease, additional factor deficiencies, or platelet disorders.
  • Antithrombin (AT) activity <60% at Screening.
  • Co-existing thrombophilic disorder.
  • Clinically significant liver disease.
  • Active hepatitis C virus infection.
  • HIV positive with a cluster of differentiation-4 count of <200 cells/microliter.
  • History of arterial or venous thromboembolism.
  • Inadequate renal function.
  • History of multiple drug allergies or history of allergic reaction to an oligonucleotide or N-Acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc).
  • History of intolerance to SC injection(s).
  • Any other conditions or comorbidities that would make the participant unsuitable for enrollment or could interfere with participation in or completion of the study, per Investigator judgment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03417245


Locations
Show Show 64 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Genzyme, a Sanofi Company
Investigators
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Study Director: Clinical Sciences & Operations, MD Sanofi
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Sanofi ( Genzyme, a Sanofi Company ):
Study Protocol  [PDF] June 27, 2018
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] July 22, 2020

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Genzyme, a Sanofi Company
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03417245    
Other Study ID Numbers: EFC14769
ALN-AT3SC-004 ( Other Identifier: Alnylam )
2016-001464-11 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: January 31, 2018    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 4, 2022
Last Update Posted: March 28, 2022
Last Verified: March 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Qualified researchers may request access to patient level data and related study documents including the clinical study report, study protocol with any amendments, blank case report form, statistical analysis plan, and dataset specifications. Patient level data will be anonymized and study documents will be redacted to protect the privacy of trial participants. Further details on Sanofi's data sharing criteria, eligible studies, and process for requesting access can be found at: https://vivli.org

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Sanofi ( Genzyme, a Sanofi Company ):
RNAi therapeutic
Hemophilia A
Hemophilia B
Hemophilia A, Severe
Hemophilia B, Severe
Blood Coagulation Disorders, Inherited
Blood Coagulation Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Coagulation Protein Disorders
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked
Factor VIII
Factor IX
Coagulants
Fitusiran
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hemophilia A
Hemophilia B
Blood Coagulation Disorders, Inherited
Blood Coagulation Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Coagulation Protein Disorders
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked