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Intratreatment FDG-PET During Radiation Therapy for Gynecologic and Gastrointestinal Cancers

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03403465
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 18, 2018
Last Update Posted : November 16, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Duke University

Brief Summary:

This study expands on protocol (NCT01908504"PET adaptive RT") designed to evaluate the utility of adaptive PET-CT planning for radiation therapy (RT). Radiation therapy is used in many malignant diseases as a curative treatment modality. However, critical normal tissue is often in close approximation to disease, and portions of such tissue must receive high doses of radiation for appropriate treatment.

Positron Emission Tomography (PET) adapted radiation therapy, as defined in the current protocol, may allow for a means of determining the eventual response to therapy, at a time point when adaptation of treatment plan may be possible to improve outcomes. This protocol will build upon the findings the previous protocol (NCT01908504 "PET adaptive RT") that evaluated the utility of intra-treatment PET imaging in multiple types of cancers. The current focus will be more specific to certain types of gastrointestinal and gynecologic cancers treated with RT, identified from the prior study to warrant further research.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cancer of the Cervix Vulvar Cancer Esophageal Cancer Anal Canal Cancer Other: FDG PET scan Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Intra-treatment PETs have only recently been studied in small pilot series. In rectal cancer, a prospective trial from MSKCC demonstrated that a PET-CT obtained in the second week of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy was able to discriminate sub-optimal responders with a sensitivity of 94% and an accuracy of 78%, though the most useful metric was a novel "visual response score" based on interpreting radiologists scoring rather than more established objective data available from PET, like SUV. A study from China in non-small cell lung cancer found that decreases in SUV and MTV on intra-treatment PET-CTs after 40Gy of chemoradiation therapy were significantly greater in patients responding to treatment by post-treatment RECIST criteria. For head and neck cancers, a Belgian study found that intra-treatment SUVmax at 47Gy was associated with significant differences in overall survival. Therefore, there is emerging evidence that an intra-treatment PET may also be of significant prognostic utility, at an early enough time point to potentially alter treatment accordingly.

All participants will be required to complete two research PET scans in addition to standard of care planning CT's for radiation therapy. For all subjects with cancer of the cervix and vulva an intra-treatment PET-CT will be obtained and used to develop a volume adaptive treatment plan for the remainder of the course. Subjects with esophageal and anal canal cancer will have an adapted plan if the treating radiation oncologist determines an adapted plan is clinically relevant.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 130 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: Intratreatment FDG-PET During Radiation Therapy for Gynecologic and Gastrointestinal Cancers ( Adaptive PET II)
Actual Study Start Date : March 27, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Nuclear Scans

Arm Intervention/treatment
Single arm interventional study
Research FDG-PET scan obtained before radiation therapy; a second research FDG-PET scan is obtained at about 3-5 weeks after treatment has started.
Other: FDG PET scan
At radiation planning subjects will have a PET-CT. The CT scan - also called computerized tomography or just CT - combines a series of X-ray views taken from many different angles to produce cross-sectional images of the bones and soft tissues inside the body. CT scans in planning radiation therapy are standard of care. A PET is a highly specialized imaging technique that uses short-lived radioactive substances (such as FDG a simple sugar labeled with a radioactive atom) to produce three-dimensional colored images of those substances functioning within the body. These images are called PET scans and the technique is termed PET scanning. PET scanning provides information about the body's chemistry not available through other procedures. Unlike CT or MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), techniques that look at anatomy or body form, PET studies metabolic activity or body function.
Other Name: PET scan

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The number of subjects with benefit from an intra-treatment PET-CT [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    This benefit lies in the potential to adapt the treatment plan based on an intratreatment PET-CT. This may also be of significant prognostic utility, at an early enough time point to potentially alter treatment accordingly

  2. Pathologic complete response [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    Pathologic complete response will be collected from pathology reports for subjects who have surgical resection after radiation therapy.

  3. Locoregional control [ Time Frame: Day of intra treatment PET-CT/ approx 2-4 hours ]
    This study will evaluate the prognostic value of intra-treatment functional imaging on clinical relevant tumor endpoints (i.e. locoregional control, freedom from distant metastases, and overall survival).Comparison of intra-treatment FDG-PET indices will identify two groups of responses: PET responses and PET non-responses, which will correlate with prognosis.

  4. Freedom from distant metastases [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    Subjects will be evaluated in regular follow up with repeat imaging as per the standard of care, or at the treating investigator's discretion. Frequency of follow up will be determined by the standard practice for the disease site and stage.

  5. Measure overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    Subjects will be evaluated in regular follow up with the investigators according to the standard of care for each disease site

  6. Progression free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    Subjects will be evaluated in regular follow up with repeat imaging as per the standard of care for each disease site

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Measure the potential sparing of radiation dose to critical normal tissue [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    An intra-treatment PET volume adaptive treatment plan may allow for additional sparing of normal tissue by identifying regions of tumor response and corresponding reduction in the target volumes i.e. dosimetric differences in normal tissue will be compared between the initial plan and the adapted plan.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

Pathologically (histologically or cytologically) proven diagnosis of cervical, vulvar, esophageal and anal canal cancer

Patients with local or regional nodal disease are eligible

Zubrod Performance Status 0, 1, or 2

Age ≥ 18

Negative serum pregnancy test for women of child bearing potential

Patient must sign study-specific informed consent prior to study entry

Exclusion Criteria:

No gross disease visible on imaging at the start of radiotherapy

Contraindication to PET

Complete response by PET achieved with pre-radiation therapy treatment (surgery or chemotherapy)

Breast feeding

Positive serum pregnancy test

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03403465

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Contact: Eileen Duffy, RN BSN 919 668 3726

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United States, North Carolina
Duke University Medical Center Recruiting
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
Contact: Eileen Duffy, RN BSN    919-668-3726   
Contact: Clinical Trials Office    919 668 3726      
Sponsors and Collaborators
Duke University
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Principal Investigator: Junzo Chino, MD Duke University
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Responsible Party: Duke University Identifier: NCT03403465    
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00089619
First Posted: January 18, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 16, 2021
Last Verified: November 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Vulvar Neoplasms
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Vulvar Diseases
Uterine Neoplasms
Uterine Cervical Diseases
Uterine Diseases