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Combined Therapy of Nivolumab and Adoptive T Cell Therapy in Metastatic Melanoma Patients (Nivo-TIL)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03374839
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 15, 2017
Last Update Posted : September 6, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Nantes University Hospital

Brief Summary:

To improve the efficacy of immunotherapy for cancer, recent studies focused on specific targets to redirect the immune network toward eradicating a variety of tumors and ameliorating the self-destructive process.

A clinically relevant immune escape mechanism in melanoma is the activation of the Programmed cell Death-1 (PD-1) receptor on infiltrating T cells. By blocking PD-1 receptors with anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), T-cells are unaffected by the PD-L1 expressed on tumor cells and the patients T cells are free to respond to melanoma antigens and attack tumor cells. So the objective of this trial is to evaluate the safety and the efficacy of a combined therapy Nivolumab and adoptive T cell therapy in metastatic melanoma patients.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Melanoma Drug: TIL + IL-2 + Nivolumab Phase 1 Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 11 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Combined Therapy of Nivolumab and Adoptive T Cell Therapy in Metastatic Melanoma Patients: Pilot Study Phase I/II
Actual Study Start Date : February 12, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 12, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 12, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Melanoma
Drug Information available for: Nivolumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: TIL + IL-2 + Nivolumab

A first cohort of 3 patients will be done to ensure that the combined treatment (TIL + IL-2 + Nivolumab) would not cause severe autoimmunity pathologies.

For this first cohort, a dose of 0.5 billion of TILs per injection will be administered. After the opinion of the Data and Safety Monitoring Committee (DSMC), the sponsor will make the decision of the second cohort of 8 patients who will receive between 1 and 20 billion of TIL.

Drug: TIL + IL-2 + Nivolumab

The patients will receive Nivolumab (at a dose of 3 mg per kilogram of body weight) every 2 weeks from day0 until week52.

Two TIL (Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes) injections will be performed: at week 14 and at week 18.

The TIL injections are systematically followed by subcutaneous injections of Proleukin® (IL-2) at a concentration of 6 million international unit (IU) per day for 5 days.





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of Treatment (adoptive T cell therapy associated to intravenous injections of Nivolumab) - Emergent Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Within 12 months ]
    Clinical and biological criteria defined by the NCI (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events - version 4.0, may 2009, http://ctep.cancer.gov)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy of adoptive T cell therapy associated to intravenous injections of Nivolumab [ Time Frame: At 12 months ]
    The overall tumor response will be evaluated according to the guidelines for Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST1.1) and immune-related Response Criteria (irRC)

  2. Duration of the clinical response [ Time Frame: Within 12 months of follow-up ]
    Time interval between the evaluation of the first objective response and the first evaluation of disease progression or death, whichever occurs first

  3. Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: From the date of the first infusion of Nivolumab until the date of the first documented progression or the date of death from any cause, whichever came first, assessed up to 12 months ]
    Evaluation of the progression-free survival of patients treated with adoptive T cell therapy in combination with intravenous injections of Nivolumab

  4. Overall survival [ Time Frame: From the date of the first infusion of Nivolumab until the date of death, assessed up to 12 months ]
    Evaluation of the overall survival of patients treated with adoptive T cell therapy in combination with intravenous injections of Nivolumab

  5. Specific immune monitoring n°1: Evaluate the fraction of TIL specific to Melan-A and MELOE-1 [ Time Frame: Week 14 + week 18 ]
    Evaluation of the fraction of TIL specific to two Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA)-peptide complexes (Melan-A and MELOE-1)

  6. Specific immune monitoring n°2: Evaluate the proportion of regulatory T cells [ Time Frame: Day 0 (1st Nivolumab injection) + week 14 + week 18 + week 26 + week 38 + at the date of disease progression assessed up to 12 months ]
    Evaluation of the proportion of regulatory T cells

  7. Specific immune monitoring n°3: Analyse the expression of tumor antigens [ Time Frame: Week 10 + week 38 ]
    Analysis of the expression of tumor antigens

  8. Specific immune monitoring n°4: Analyse the expression of immunosuppressive cytokines [ Time Frame: Week 10 + week 38 ]
    Analysis of the expression of immunosuppressive cytokines

  9. Specific immune monitoring n°5: Analyse the expression of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) [ Time Frame: Week 10 + week 38 ]
    Analysis of the expression of IDO

  10. Specific immune monitoring n°6: Analyse the expression of FoxP3 [ Time Frame: Week 10 + week 38 ]
    Analysis of the expression of FoxP3

  11. Specific immune monitoring n°7: Analyse the expression of regulatory molecules [ Time Frame: Week 10 + week 38 ]
    Analysis of the expression of regulatory molecules

  12. Specific immune monitoring n°8: Analyse the mutations of BRAF [ Time Frame: Week 10 + week 38 ]
    Analysis of BRAF mutations

  13. Specific immune monitoring n°9: Analyse the mutations of Neuroblastoma Ras viral oncogene homolog (NRAS) [ Time Frame: Week 10 + week 38 ]
    Analysis of NRAS mutations

  14. Specific immune monitoring n°10: Analyse the mutations of proto-oncogene ckit (cKit) [ Time Frame: Week 10 + week 38 ]
    Analysis of cKit mutations

  15. Specific immune monitoring n°11: Determine the percentage of reactive T cells in the expanded cells [ Time Frame: Week 10 ]
    Produce tumor cell line and determine the percentage of reactive T cells in the expanded cells

  16. Specific immune monitoring n°12: Determine the phenotype of the expanded T cells [ Time Frame: Week 10 ]
    Produce tumor cell line and determine the phenotype of the expanded T cells

  17. Specific immune monitoring n°13: Test TIL reactivity [ Time Frame: Week 10 ]
    Produce tumor cell line and test TIL reactivity



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 18 to 75 years with a weight ≥ 40 kg
  • Patients must have signed informed consent
  • Patients with stage IIIb, IIIc or IV metastatic melanoma (AJCC 6th edition) with at least two lesions (lymph nodes relapse, or in transit metastasis, or unresectable cutaneous metastases, or visceral metastases except bone and brain metastases) including one easily accessible and no more than 2 lines of treatment of melanoma at the metastatic stage.
  • Patients with a melanoma expressing a Braf V600 mutation can be included only in case of targeted biotherapy (BRAF inhibitor +/- mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase enzymes (MEK) inhibitor) failure
  • Measurable/assessable disease in 28 days which precede the first administration of the treatment
  • A negative pregnancy test for women with childbearing potential
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) of 0-1, Karnofsky > 80%
  • Laboratory results:

Haemoglobin ≥ 10 g/dl or ≥ 6,25 mmol/l; Neutrophils ≥ 1500/μl; Leukocytes ≥ 4000/μl; Lymphocytes ≥ 700/μl; Blood platelet ≥ 100.000/μl; Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x superior normal value or creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥ 40 mL/min (if using the Cockcroft-Gault formula); Serum bilirubin ≤ 2.0 mg/dl or ≤ 34.2 mol/l; Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x superior normal value (except subjects with Gilbert Syndrome, who can have total bilirubin < 3mg/dL); Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 2 x superior normal value; Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) ≤ 1.5 x superior normal value

  • Subjects affiliated to an appropriate health insurance
  • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must use appropriate method(s) of contraception during the clinical trial. Furthermore WOCBP will be instructed to adhere to contraception for a period of 5 months after the last dose of Nivolumab.
  • Men who are sexually active with WOCBP will be instructed to adhere to contraception during the clinical trial and for a period of 7 months after the last dose of Nivolumab.
  • Women who are not of childbearing potential (ie, who are postmenopausal or surgically sterile) as well as azoospermic men do not require contraception.

Non inclusion Criteria:

  • Brain or bone metastases
  • Ocular melanoma
  • Chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks before baseline (6 weeks for nitroso-ureas and mitomycin C)
  • Contraindication for the use of vasopressor agents
  • For female: the patient is pregnant or breastfeeding or not using contraception
  • For men: the patient is sexually active with WOCBP and not using contraception
  • History or current manifestations of severe progressive heart disease (congestive heart failure, coronary artery disease, uncontrolled arterial hypertension, serious rhythm disorders or ECG signs of previous myocardial infarction)
  • Patients should be excluded if they have had prior treatment with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CTLA4 antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell costimulation or immune checkpoint pathways
  • History of allergies and Adverse Drug Reaction:

    • Hypersensitivity to human albumin, TIL excipient
    • Hypersensitivity to Nivolumab or related excipients
    • History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to any monoclonal antibody
    • Hypersensitivity to aldesleukin or to one of Proleukin excipients
  • History of chronic autoimmune disease (Addison's disease, multiple sclerosis, Graves' disease, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, etc…) except patient with active vitiligo or a history of vitiligo.
  • History of uveitis or melanoma-associated retinopathy
  • History of inflammatory bowel disease, celiac disease, or other chronic gastrointestinal conditions associated with diarrhea.
  • Presence of a second active cancer, with the exception of an in situ cervical cancer or a skin cancer different from the treated melanoma
  • Unchecked thyroid dysfunction
  • Any serious, acute or chronic illness id est active infection asking for antibiotics administration, coagulation's disorders, or any state asking for an unauthorized concomitant treatment described in this study
  • Patients should be excluded if they have a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days before study drug administration. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease. Subjects are permitted to use topical, ocular, intra-articular, intranasal, and inhalational corticosteroids (with minimal systemic absorption). Physiologic replacement doses of systemic corticosteroids are permitted, even if > 10 mg/day prednisone equivalents. A brief course of corticosteroids for prophylaxis (eg, contrast dye allergy) or for treatment of nonautoimmune conditions (eg, delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction caused by contact allergen) is permitted.
  • Adults under a legal protection regime (guardianship, trusteeship, "sauvegarde de justice")

Exclusion Criteria:

* Positive viral serology for HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) 1/2, p24 Ag, HTLV1, HTLV2, B and C hepatitis or syphilis


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03374839


Contacts
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Contact: Amir Khammari, PhD (+33) (0)2 40 08 32 80 amir.khammari@chu-nantes.fr
Contact: Brigitte Dréno, MD, PhD brigitte.dreno@wanadoo.fr

Locations
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France
Nantes University Hospital Recruiting
Nantes, France, 44000
Contact: Amir Khammari, PhD       amir.khammari@chu-nantes.fr   
Principal Investigator: Brigitte Dréno, MD, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Nantes University Hospital
Bristol-Myers Squibb

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Responsible Party: Nantes University Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03374839     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: RC15_0247
First Posted: December 15, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 6, 2019
Last Verified: September 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Melanoma
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Nivolumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents