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ONC201 in Adults With Recurrent H3 K27M-mutant Glioma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03295396
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : September 27, 2017
Last Update Posted : July 18, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:
The primary objective of this phase II trial is to determine the efficacy and safety of ONC201, an oral small molecule imipridone DRD2 antagonist, in adult subjects with recurrent high-grade glioma. This study will test the research hypothesis that histone H3 K27M mutation sensitizes to oral administration of ONC201 in gliomas.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Glioma Drug: ONC201 Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 95 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II, Open-label Study of ONC201 in Adults With Recurrent High-grade Glioma
Actual Study Start Date : October 31, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm A
ONC201 in relapsed H3 K27M glioma
Drug: ONC201
ONC201 is an oral, small molecule selective antagonist of DRD2 that induces tumor cell death.

Experimental: Arm B

ONC201 in relapsed H3 K27M glioma, excluding:

  • Primary malignant lesion located in the pons or spinal cord.
  • Atypical non-astrocytic histologies such as ependymoma, ganglioma and pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma, or pilocytic astrocytoma and subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (SEGA).
  • Prior bevacizumab treatment of >4 doses of >7.5 mg/Kg
  • Tumors with known 1p/19q co-deletion.
Drug: ONC201
ONC201 is an oral, small molecule selective antagonist of DRD2 that induces tumor cell death.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall response rate [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 1 year ]
    Best overall response rate by RANO

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Histologically confirmed diagnosis of high-grade glioma (HGG) in any tumor sample and presence of histone H3 K27M mutation detected in a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendment (CLIA) certified laboratory by immunohistochemistry or DNA sequencing test on any glioma tumor sample.
  2. Unequivocal evidence of progressive disease on contrast-enhanced brain CT or MRI as defined by RANO-HGG criteria, or have documented recurrent glioma on diagnostic biopsy.
  3. Measurable disease by RANO-HGG criteria.
  4. Patients must have had previous therapy with at least radiotherapy.
  5. No more than two prior episodes of recurrence from radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy. Use of bevacizumab solely for treatment of radiation necrosis, pseudoprogression, or treatment effect will not be considered a recurrence.
  6. Interval of at least 90 days from the completion of radiotherapy to the first dose of ONC201. If patients are within 90 days of radiotherapy, they may still be eligible if they meet one or more of the following criteria.

    1. Progressive tumor is outside the original high-dose radiotherapy target volume as determined by the treating investigator, or
    2. Histologic confirmation of tumor through biopsy or resection, or
    3. Nuclear medicine imaging, MR spectroscopy, or MR perfusion imaging consistent with true progressive disease, rather than pseudoprogression or radiation necrosis obtained within 28 days of registration.
  7. From the projected start of scheduled study treatment, the following time periods must have elapsed: 5 half-lives from any investigational agent, 4 weeks from cytotoxic therapy (except 23 days for temozolomide and 6 weeks from nitrosoureas), 6 weeks from antibodies, or 4 weeks (or 5 half-lives, whichever is shorter) from other anti-tumor therapies.
  8. All adverse events Grade > 1 related to prior therapies (chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and/or surgery) must be resolved to grade 1 or baseline, except for alopecia and sensory neuropathy Grade ≤ 2, or other Grade ≤ 2 not constituting a safety risk based on investigator's judgment, are acceptable.
  9. Male or Female age ≥18 years.
  10. Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) ≥ 60 (see Appendix A).
  11. Adequate organ and marrow function as defined below, all screening labs should be performed within 14 days of treatment initiation:

    • leukocytes ≥ 3,000/mcL
    • absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mcL
    • platelets ≥ 75,000/mcL
    • hemoglobin > 8.0 mg/dL
    • total bilirubin ≤ 2.0 x upper limit of normal
    • AST (SGOT)/ALT (SGPT) ≤ 2.5 × upper limit of normal
    • creatinine ≤ ULN OR creatinine clearance ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for patients with creatinine levels above normal.
  12. Contrast-enhanced head CT or brain MRI and entire spine MRI within 14 days prior to start of study drug.
  13. Corticosteroid dose must be stable or decreasing for at least 3 days prior to the baseline CT or MRI scan.
  14. The effects of ONC201 on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason, women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) and men must agree to use adequate contraception prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation and for 30 days after the last dose of therapy. Highly effective contraceptive measures include: stable use of oral contraceptives such as combined estrogen and progestogen and progestogen only hormonal contraception or other prescription pharmaceutical contraceptives for 2 or more menstrual cycles prior to screening; intrauterine device [IUD]; intrauterine hormone- releasing system (IUS); bilateral tubal ligation; vasectomy and sexual abstinence.

    1. WOCBP must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 28 days of initiation of dosing.
    2. Contraception is not required for men with documented vasectomy.
    3. Postmenopausal women must be amenorrheic for at least 12 months in order not to be considered of childbearing potential.
    4. Pregnancy testing and contraception are not required for women with documented hysterectomy or tubal ligation.
  15. Availability of a paraffin-embedded or frozen tumor-tissue block with a minimum of 1 cm2 of tumor surface area, or 20 unstained slides from the tumor tissue specimen if a tumor block cannot be submitted. If a patient has had only a stereotactic biopsy, then 5 unstained slides may be accepted with prior approval from the Sponsor, however all efforts must be made to obtain as close to 20 slides as possible.
  16. Ability to be able to swallow and retain orally administered medication
  17. Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document. Only subjects who have capacity to consent will be enrolled in the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Arm B: Primary malignant lesion located in the pons or spinal cord.
  2. Arm B: Atypical non-astrocytic histologies such as ependymoma, ganglioma and pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma, or pilocytic astrocytoma and subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (SEGA).
  3. Arm B: Prior bevacizumab treatment of >4 doses of >7.5 mg/Kg
  4. History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to ONC201 or its excipients (See Section 8).
  5. Current or planned participation in a study of an investigational agent or using an investigational device.
  6. Presence of diffuse leptomeningeal disease or evidence of CSF dissemination.
  7. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  8. Active infection requiring systemic therapy.
  9. Pregnant and/or breastfeeding women or unable to maintain use of contraception while on study and for 30 days after the last dose of study drug. ONC201 is a novel agent with unknown potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants, secondary to treatment of the mother with ONC201, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with ONC201.
  10. Known HIV-positive test on combination antiretroviral therapy.
  11. Known history of cardiac arrhythmias including atrial fibrillation, tachyarrhythmias or bradycardia, unless arrhythmia is controlled and after Cardiology has cleared patient to receive ONC 201. Receiving therapeutic agents known to prolong QT interval will be excluded. History of CHF, or MI or stroke in the last 3 months will be excluded.
  12. Active illicit drug use or diagnosis of alcoholism.
  13. Tumors with known IDH1 (isocitrate dehydrogenase 1) or known IDH2 mutations as determined by immunohistochemistry for the IDH1 R132H variant or by direct sequencing. IDH1/2-mutant gliomas have a markedly longer overall survival rate compared to those with IDH1/2-wildtype glioma (Parsons et al., 2008; Yan et al., 2009), indicating IDH1/2-mutant gliomas have a distinct natural history.
  14. Tumors with known 1p/19q co-deletion.
  15. Known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment within 3 years of start of study drug. Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, in situ melanoma, or in situ cervical cancer that has undergone potentially curative therapy.
  16. Any surgery (not including minor diagnostic procedures such as lymph node biopsy) within 2 weeks of baseline disease assessments; or not fully recovered from any side effects of previous procedures. An interval of 1 week for stereotactic brain biopsy from the start of study treatment is acceptable.
  17. Concomitant use of potent CYP3A4/5 inhibitors during the treatment phase of the study and within 72 hours prior to starting study drug administration.
  18. Concomitant use of potent CYP3A4/5 inducers, which include enzyme inducing antiepileptic drugs (EIAEDs) (see Appendix B), during the treatment phase of the study and within 2 weeks prior to starting treatment. Concurrent dexamethasone is allowed.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03295396

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United States, California
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California, United States, 94143-0112
Stanford Cancer Center
Stanford, California, United States, 94305
United States, Michigan
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109
United States, Minnesota
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
United States, New York
New York University School of Medicine
New York, New York, United States, 10016
Columbia University
New York, New York, United States, 10032
United States, North Carolina
Levine Cancer Institute
Charlotte, North Carolina, United States, 28204
United States, Pennsylvania
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
United States, Texas
MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
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Responsible Party: Chimerix
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03295396    
Other Study ID Numbers: ONC013
First Posted: September 27, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 18, 2022
Last Verified: March 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
TIC10 compound
Antineoplastic Agents