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Screening Trial of Nivolumab With Image Guided, Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT) Versus Nivolumab Alone in Patients With Metastatic Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HNSCC)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02684253
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 17, 2016
Results First Posted : March 10, 2022
Last Update Posted : March 10, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
Nivolumab is an antibody (a type of human protein) that is designed to boost your body's immune system. It does this by allowing immune cells to grow and fight the cancer. Nivolumab has been approved by the FDA for the treatment of melanoma (a form of skin cancer) and lung cancer. It is currently under study for the treatment of head and neck squamous cell cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HNSCC) Drug: Nivolumab Radiation: Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 65 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Randomized Controlled Screening Trial of Nivolumab With Image Guided, Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT) Versus Nivolumab Alone in Patients With Metastatic Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HNSCC)
Actual Study Start Date : February 11, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 22, 2021
Actual Study Completion Date : January 22, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Nivolumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Nivolumab 3mg/kg IV every 2 weeks
Nivolumab 3mg/kg IV every 2 weeks
Drug: Nivolumab
Experimental: Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy & Nivolumab

Image Guided, Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (27 Gy over 3 fractions given every other day) to a single lesion to start by study day 14 (study day 1 is day of first dose of Nivolumab).

Nivolumab 3mg/kg IV starting day 1 and then every 2 weeks thereafter. Treatment with Nivolumab will continue until progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Drug: Nivolumab
Radiation: Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT)



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Overall Response Rate [ Time Frame: 96 weeks ]
    Per Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST v1.0) for target lesions and assessed by MRI: Complete Response (CR), Disappearance of all target lesions; Partial Response (PR), >=30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions; Overall Response (OR) = CR + PR.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Signed Written Informed Consent
  • Subjects must have signed and dated an IRB/IEC approved written informed consent form in accordance with regulatory and institutional guidelines.
  • Subjects must be willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment schedule, laboratory testing, and other study obligations.
  • Target Population
  • Males and females ≥ 18 years of age
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤ 2.
  • Histologically confirmed metastatic HNSCC, including nasopharynx WHO Type I-III histologies; patients can have simultaneous loco-regional disease. Central biopsy review at MSKCC is not required.
  • Subjects must have at least two lesions:

    • At least one lesion must be safely amenable to irradiation and likely to meet criteria delineated in Section 9.2.1 in the judgment of the treating radiation oncologist. This can be a lesion that was previously irradiated as long as prior radiation was at least 6 months prior to projected first fraction of SBRT and as long as reirradiation dose constraints as outlined in appendix are being met.
    • A separate, not-to-be-irradiated lesion measurable by CT or MRI per RECIST 1.1 criteria.
  • A formalin fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor tissue block or a minimum of 3 unstained slides of tumor sample obtained via excisional, incisional, or core needle biopsy from a metastatic or loco-regionally recurrent lesion. A new baseline biopsy does not need to be obtained for study purposes. If 3 unstained are unavailable from a metastatic or loco-regionally recurrent lesion, with permission of the PI, FFPE tumor tissue from the primary disease site at the time of original diagnosis is acceptable.
  • For oropharynx or nasopharynx primary lesions, documentation of viral status is required (e.g. high risk HPV sub-type PCR, p16 IHC, HPV ISH, EBER, etc). Tests done on primary tumor specimens from date of initial diagnosis at outside institutions are sufficient to meet this criterion
  • Prior palliative or curative radiotherapy must be completed at least 14 days prior to randomization.
  • Immunosuppressive doses of systemic medication, such as steroids or absorbed topical steroids (doses >10mg/day prednisone or equivalent) must be discontinued at least 14 days prior to Nivolumab administration.
  • Screening laboratory values must meet the following criteria (using CTCAE v4.0) and should be obtained within 28 days prior to randomization:
  • WBC ≥ 2 K/microliter
  • Neutrophils ≥ 1.5 ;K/microliter
  • Platelets ≥ 100 K/microliter
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/deciliter
  • Serum Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or creatinine clearance > 40ml/min using the Cockcroft-Gault formula.
  • Female CrCl = (140 - age in years) x weight in kg x 0.85 72 x serum creatinine in mg/dL

    • Male CrCl = (140 - age in years) x weight in kg x 1.00 72 x serum creatinine in mg/dL
  • AST/ALT ≤ 3 x ULN
  • Total bilirubin <1.5 x ULN (except subjects with Gilbert Syndrome who can have total bilirubin <3.0 mg/deciliter) Calcium levels must be normalized and maintained within normal limits for study entry and while on treatment.
  • Subjects with an initial magnesium <0.5 mmol/liter (1.2 mg/deciliter) may receive corrective magnesium supplementation but should continue to receive either prophylactic weekly infusion of magnesium and/or oral magnesium supplementation.
  • Subjects must have a resting baseline O2 saturation by pulse oximetry of >=92% at rest.
  • Reproductive Status
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 28 days prior to randomization.
  • Women must not be breastfeeding
  • Women of childbearing potential must agree to follow instructions for method(s) of contraception from time of enrollment for the duration of treatment with Nivolumab plus 5 half- lives plus 30 days for a total of 23 weeks post treatment completion.
  • Men who are sexually active with WOCBP must use any contraceptive method with a failure rate of less than 1% per year. Men receiving Nivolumab and who are sexually active with WOCBP will be instructed to adhere to contraception for a period of 31 weeks after the last dose of investigational product.
  • Women who are not of childbearing potential (i.e., who are postmenopausal or surgically sterile as well as azoospermic men do not require contraception.
  • Azoospermic males and women of childbearing potential who are continuously not heterosexually active are exempt from contraceptive requirements. However, they still must have a pregnancy test.
  • Insurance Approval
  • Insurance approval for SBRT should be obtained prior to randomization

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Target Disease Exceptions
  • Active brain metastases (untreated brain metastases or growth on imaging as defined below) or leptomeningeal disease are not allowed. Subjects with brain metastases are eligible if these have been treated and there is no MRI (or CT if MRI contraindicated) evidence of progression for at least 8 weeks after treatment for these metastases is complete and within 28 days prior to first study treatment.
  • Histologically confirmed non-squamous histologies are not allowed; an exception is made for WHO Type I-III nasopharynx histologies.
  • Medical History and Concurrent Diseases:
  • Any medical disorder that, in the opinion of the investigator, might increase the risk associated with study participation or interferes with the interpretation of study results.
  • Prior active malignancy within the previous 3 years except for locally curable cancers such as basal or squamous skin cancer, superficial bladder, low risk prostate cancer, breast, or cervix cancer. If other prior malignancy was active within prior 3 years, enrollment requires approval of a principal investigator.
  • Patients should be excluded if they have an active, known or suspected autoimmune disease. Subjects are permitted to enroll if they have vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger
  • Subjects with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study drug administration should be excluded. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses >10mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease.
  • As there is potential for hepatic toxicity with Nivolumab, drugs with a predisposition to hepatoxicity should be used with caution in patients treated with Nivolumab-containing regimen.
  • Prior treatment with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 antibody.
  • NB-patients who have received prior anti-CTLA-4 antibody therapy are eligible assuming such therapy was discontinued within 28 days of enrollment.
  • Treatment with any chemotherapy, radiation therapy, biologics for cancer, or investigational therapy within 14 days of randomization.
  • Physical and Laboratory Test Findings
  • Positive test for hepatitis B virus surface antigen or hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid indicating acute or chronic infection.
  • Known history of testing positive for HIV or known AIDS.
  • Any grade 4 laboratory abnormalities.
  • Allergies and Adverse Drug Reaction
  • History of allergy to Nivolumab components
  • History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to any monoclonal antibody.
  • Prohibited or Restricted Treatments
  • The following medications are prohibited during the study:
  • Immunosuppressive agents (except to treat a drug-related adverse event).
  • Systemic corticosteroids > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalent save for exclusion outlined in the below paragraphs.
  • Any concurrent chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, immunotherapy, or investigational agents for treatment of cancer.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02684253


Locations
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United States, New Jersey
Memoral Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Basking Ridge, New Jersey, United States
Memorial Sloan Kettering Monmouth
Middletown, New Jersey, United States, 07748
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center @ Suffolk
Commack, New York, United States, 11725
Memorial Sloan Kettering Westchester
Harrison, New York, United States, 10604
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Memorial Sloan Kettering at Mercy Medical Center
Rockville Centre, New York, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Sean McBride, MD, MPH Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02684253    
Other Study ID Numbers: 15-253
First Posted: February 17, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 10, 2022
Last Update Posted: March 10, 2022
Last Verified: January 2021
Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
Nivolumab
Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT)
15-253
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Nivolumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action