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Personalized Peptide Vaccine in Treating Patients With Advanced Pancreatic Cancer or Colorectal Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02600949
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 9, 2015
Last Update Posted : August 11, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best way to give personalized peptide vaccine in patients with pancreatic or colorectal cancer that has spread to other places in the body and usually cannot be cured or controlled with treatment (advanced). Personalized peptide vaccine is a vaccine developed from patient's own tumor cells and blood in order to use as a biological therapy. Biological therapies, such as personalized peptide vaccine may attack tumor cells and stop them from growing or kill them.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Colorectal Adenocarcinoma Metastatic Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Stage IV Colorectal Cancer AJCC v7 Stage IV Pancreatic Cancer AJCC v6 and v7 Stage IVA Colorectal Cancer AJCC v7 Stage IVB Colorectal Cancer AJCC v7 Drug: Imiquimod Biological: Pembrolizumab Biological: Sotigalimab Biological: Synthetic Tumor-Associated Peptide Vaccine Therapy Phase 1

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Demonstrate that developing a custom vaccine for metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) and colorectal cancer (CRC) patients is feasible. (cohorts A and B) II. Show that a custom peptide-based vaccine in combination with imiquiomod, pembrolizumab, and/or sotigalimab (APX005M) is safe. (cohorts A and B and C and D)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the clinical benefit of the peptide vaccine alone or combined with pembrolizumab or pembrolizumab and APX005M. (cohorts A and B and C and D) II. Demonstrate the antigenicity of each vaccine. (cohorts A and B and C and D) III. The change in neoantigen-specific T cell responses at 12 weeks after initiation of personalized peptide vaccination. (cohorts C and D) IV. Relapse-free survival and circulating tumor deoxyribonucleic acid (ctDNA) clearance rate. (cohorts C and D)

OUTLINE: Patients are assigned to 1 of 3 cohorts.

COHORT A: Patients receive personalized synthetic tumor-associated peptide vaccine therapy subcutaneously (SC) on day 1 of weeks 0, 1, 3, 4, 6, 12, and 24. Beginning 15 minutes after each vaccine is administered, patients then receive imiquimod cream topically in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

COHORT B: Patients receive personalized synthetic tumor-associated peptide vaccine therapy SC on day 1 of weeks 0, 1, 3, 4, 6, 12, and 24. Beginning 15 minutes after each vaccine is administered, patients receive imiquimod cream topically. Patients also receive pembrolizumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes every 3 weeks until week 24 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

COHORTS C AND D: Patients receive personalized synthetic tumor-associated peptide vaccine therapy SC on day 1 of weeks 0, 1, 3, 4, 6, 12, and 24. Beginning 15 minutes after each vaccine is administered, patients receive imiquimod cream topically. Patients also receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes every 3 weeks until week 24 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning about 1 hour after each vaccine, patients also receive sotigalimab IV over 60 minutes on day 1 of weeks 0, 1, 3, 4, 6, 12, and 24 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up 2 times in 6 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 150 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pilot Study of the Feasibility and Safety of a Personalized Peptide Vaccine in Patients With Advanced Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma or Colorectal Adenocarcinoma
Actual Study Start Date : May 11, 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 31, 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 31, 2025

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Vaccines

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort A (personalized vaccine, imiquimod)
Patients receive personalized synthetic tumor-associated peptide vaccine therapy SC on day 1 of weeks 0, 1, 3, 4, 6, 12, and 24. Beginning 15 minutes after each vaccine is administered, patients then receive imiquimod cream topically in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Imiquimod
Applied topically
Other Names:
  • Aldara
  • R 837
  • S 26308
  • Zyclara

Biological: Synthetic Tumor-Associated Peptide Vaccine Therapy
Given SC

Experimental: Cohort B (personalized vaccine, imiquimod, pembrolizumab)
Patients receive personalized synthetic tumor-associated peptide vaccine therapy SC on day 1 of weeks 0, 1, 3, 4, 6, 12, and 24. Beginning 15 minutes after each vaccine is administered, patients receive imiquimod cream topically. Patients also receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes every 3 weeks until week 24 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Imiquimod
Applied topically
Other Names:
  • Aldara
  • R 837
  • S 26308
  • Zyclara

Biological: Pembrolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Keytruda
  • Lambrolizumab
  • MK-3475
  • SCH 900475

Biological: Synthetic Tumor-Associated Peptide Vaccine Therapy
Given SC

Experimental: Cohort C and D (vaccine, imiquimod, pembrolizumab, APX005M)
Patients receive personalized synthetic tumor-associated peptide vaccine therapy SC on day 1 of weeks 0, 1, 3, 4, 6, 12, and 24. Beginning 15 minutes after each vaccine is administered, patients receive imiquimod cream topically. Patients also receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes every 3 weeks until week 24 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning about 1 hour after each vaccine, patients also receive sotigalimab IV over 60 minutes on day 1 of weeks 0, 1, 3, 4, 6, 12, and 24 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Imiquimod
Applied topically
Other Names:
  • Aldara
  • R 837
  • S 26308
  • Zyclara

Biological: Pembrolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Keytruda
  • Lambrolizumab
  • MK-3475
  • SCH 900475

Biological: Sotigalimab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • APX 005
  • APX 005M
  • APX-005M
  • APX005M
  • CD40 Agonistic Monoclonal Antibody APX005M
  • EPI-0050

Biological: Synthetic Tumor-Associated Peptide Vaccine Therapy
Given SC




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of enrolled patients for whom a personalized vaccine is developed and ready to administer [ Time Frame: Up to 12 weeks post-enrollment ]
  2. Proportion of enrolled patients who receive at least 1 dose of vaccine at any time post-enrollment [ Time Frame: Up to 44 weeks ]
  3. Incidence of adverse events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Up to 24 weeks ]
    Defined as the proportion of subjects who experience at least one toxicity event per National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0. A toxicity event is defined as at least one grade 3 or 4 non-hematologic or grade 4 hematologic toxicity. Proportion of patients with AEs will be estimated, along with the Bayesian 95% credible interval.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of patients who have received at least one dose of vaccine that is alive and progression free defined based on response criteria according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 [ Time Frame: At 12 weeks post-vaccination (second re-staging scan) ]
    Progression free includes complete response (CR), partial response (PR), and stable disease (SD). The target proportion is 45%, and a proportion of 20% or lower will be considered as not having the desired efficacy.

  2. Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: The time between the date of first vaccination and evidence of progression on computed tomography scan or the date of death due to any cause, assessed up to 6 months after the last dose of vaccine ]
    Estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method, along with the 95% confidence intervals, and log-rank test will be used to assess the time to event variable differences under different patient subgroups.

  3. Response rate [ Time Frame: Up to 12 weeks ]
    Response rate includes both CR and PR and will be evaluated using a Simon optimal two-stage design.

  4. Change in tumor biomarker (CA19-9, carcinoembryonic antigen [CEA] or circulating free deoxyribonucleic acid [cfDNA] mutation) [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
  5. Overall survival [ Time Frame: The time from first vaccination to death, assessed up to 6 months after the last dose of vaccine ]
    Estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method, along with the 95% confidence intervals, and log-rank test will be used to assess the time to event variable differences under different patient subgroups.

  6. Recurrence-free survival (cohort C) [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
    Estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method.

  7. Rate of circulating deoxyribonucleic acid (ctDNA) clearance (cohort C) [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
    A linear mixed model will also be fitted to correlate ctDNA clearance and neoantigen-specific CD8+ T cell over time.

  8. Change in neoantigen-specific T cell response (cohort C) [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 weeks after initiation of personalized peptide vaccination ]
    The difference in log2 transformed T cell response from baseline to 12 weeks will be calculated for each peptide and patient. This endpoint will focus upon the log2-fold change at 12 weeks for the max peptide (i.e., the peptide with the greatest change). Descriptive statistics, including mean, standard deviation, median and range, will be used to summarize the changes. A paired t-test will be used to evaluate the changes from baseline to 12 weeks post initiation of vaccination.

  9. Correlation of T-cell activation against vaccinated peptides and ctDNA dynamics (cohort C) [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
  10. Detailed evaluation of baseline tumor microenvironment immune infiltration and progression biopsies. (cohort C and D) [ Time Frame: Baseline, up to 6 months ]
  11. T cell IFN-gamma release in response to selected personalized peptide antigens [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
  12. Levels of intracellular cytokine staining of T cells [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
    Assessed by flow cytometry in response to stimulation with personalized peptide antigens.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • COHORTS A AND B: Patients must have metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) or metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) to be eligible; (PDA patients with an elevated tumor marker following a primary pancreatic surgery would be eligible)
  • Patients can have any lines (including zero) of prior therapy to sign consent prior to tissue harvest; vaccination will not take place until at least one line of standard chemotherapy is given
  • Patients must have adequate fresh or frozen tissue available or planned to be obtained; for cohort C and D patients should have estimated adequate tumor tissue that is planned to be resected (approximately > 1 cm cross-sectional size on radiographic imaging); subjects may have tissue collected under protocol PA15-0176
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 1 (Karnofsky >= 70%)
  • Life expectancy of greater than 6 months (12 months for cohort C and 9 months for cohort D)
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,000/mcL
  • Platelets >= 75,000/mcL
  • Total bilirubin =< 2.0 x institutional upper limit of normal
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)(serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT)(serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (< 5 X if known liver metastases) (except in Gilbert's disease where direct bilirubin will be used)
  • Calculated creatinine clearance >= 50 mL/min/1.73 m^2
  • Patients must demonstrate an ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • The effects of a peptide based vaccine, pembrolizumab or APX005M on the developing human fetus are unknown; for this reason, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception at study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; birth control specifications: unless surgically sterile by bilateral tubal ligation or vasectomy of partner(s), sexually active participants must use birth control during and for > 120 days after the study; abstinence is also an acceptable form of birth control
  • FOR COHORT C ONLY: Patients must have metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) and are planned to or have undergone complete (R0 or R1) metastectomy/ies (liver or peritoneal or lung or other organ site); the presence of nonspecific lung lesions < 1 cm are allowed
  • FOR COHORT C ONLY: Agreement to have post-operative blood test to determine plasma mutation ctDNA positivity within 6 weeks following surgical resection
  • FOR COHORT D ONLY: Patients must have localized or metastatic PDA and are planned for complete resection (R0 or R1)
  • FOR COHORT D ONLY: Agreement to have post-operative blood test to determine plasma mutation ctDNA positivity drawn within 6 weeks following surgical resection
  • JUST PRIOR TO FIRST VACCINATION (WITHIN 21 DAYS): ECOG performance status 0-1 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
  • JUST PRIOR TO FIRST VACCINATION (WITHIN 21 DAYS): Life expectancy of greater than 6 months
  • JUST PRIOR TO FIRST VACCINATION (WITHIN 21 DAYS): Patients must have either measurable disease per Response Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version (v)1.1 or evaluable disease defined as an elevated tumor biomarker (CA19-9, carcinoembryonic antigen [CEA] or circulating free deoxyribonucleic acid [cfDNA] mutation); pancreatic cancer patients with an elevated tumor marker following a primary pancreatic surgery would be eligible (cohorts A and B only)
  • FOR COHORT C AND D ONLY: Patients must have plasma mutation ctDNA positivity within 6 weeks following surgical resection
  • FOR COHORT C AND D ONLY: Completion of all planned adjuvant anti-cancer therapy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS); HIV-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for lack of efficacy of therapeutic cancer vaccine
  • Patients with known brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events
  • Subjects with active, known or suspected autoimmune disease; subjects with vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll
  • Subjects with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications; inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease
  • Uncontrolled concurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Women of child bearing potential who are pregnant or breastfeeding; women with a positive pregnancy test at enrollment or prior to administration of vaccine
  • Has history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids, evidence of interstitial lung disease or active, non-infectious pneumonitis
  • Known history of active TB (Bacillus tuberculosis)
  • Hypersensitivity to vaccine, pembrolizumab, imiquimod or APX005M or any of its excipients
  • Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment
  • Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies)
  • Active coagulopathy
  • History of arterial thrombosis within 3 months of starting study treatment
  • History of New York Heart Association class 3-4 heart failure or myocardial infarction within 6 months of starting therapy
  • Has a known history of hepatitis B (defined as hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or known active hepatitis C virus (defined as HCV RNA [qualitative] is detected) infection; Note: no testing for hepatitis B and hepatitis C is required unless mandated by local health authority
  • JUST PRIOR TO FIRST VACCINATION (WITHIN 21 DAYS): Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 2 weeks prior to first treatment or those who have not recovered to baseline from adverse events due to agents administered more than 2 weeks earlier (washout period)
  • JUST PRIOR TO FIRST VACCINATION (WITHIN 21 DAYS):

    • Women of child bearing potential who are pregnant or breastfeeding
    • Women with a positive pregnancy test prior to administration of vaccine
  • JUST PRIOR TO FIRST VACCINATION (WITHIN 21 DAYS): Uncontrolled concurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • JUST PRIOR TO FIRST VACCINATION (WITHIN 21 DAYS): Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents within 2 weeks prior to first treatment
  • JUST PRIOR TO FIRST VACCINATION (WITHIN 21 DAYS): Has received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study therapy

    • Note: Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and are allowed; however intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., Flu-Mist) are live attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02600949


Locations
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United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Contact: Michael J. Overman    713-792-2828    moverman@mdanderson.org   
Principal Investigator: Michael J. Overman         
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Michael J Overman M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02600949    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2014-1029
NCI-2016-00015 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
2014-1029 ( Other Identifier: M D Anderson Cancer Center )
First Posted: November 9, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 11, 2022
Last Verified: August 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Colorectal Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Pembrolizumab
Imiquimod
Vaccines
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Interferon Inducers