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Evaluating the Safety of and Immune Response to a Human Parainfluenza Virus Type 3 Ebola Virus Vaccine (HPIV3-EbovZ GP) in Healthy Adults

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02564575
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 30, 2015
Last Update Posted : February 1, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety, infectivity, and immunogenicity of the HPIV3-EbovZ GP Ebola vaccine candidate in healthy adults.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola Biological: HPIV3-EbovZ GP Vaccine Phase 1

Detailed Description:

The ongoing Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa highlights the need for prevention and treatment strategies, as supportive therapy is currently the only treatment for Ebola virus disease. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety, infectivity, and immunogenicity of two doses of the HPIV3-EbovZ GP vaccine candidate administered intranasally in healthy adults.

This study will enroll healthy adults who have low pre-existing serum antibody titers to human parainfluenza virus type 3 (HPIV3). Participants will be enrolled sequentially in two cohorts. Cohort 1 will receive two doses of 10^6.0 PFU/mL of HPIV3-EbovZ GP, approximately 4-8 weeks apart. Cohort 2 will receive two doses of 10^7.0 PFU/mL of HPIV3-EbovZ GP, approximately 4-8 weeks apart.

Participants will be admitted to the inpatient unit 1 or 2 days before receiving their first dose of the vaccine. While in the inpatient unit, all participants will undergo a medical history review, physical examination, nasal wash, blood collection, pregnancy testing (for female participants), and pregnancy prevention counseling. Participants will be discharged from the inpatient unit on Day 7 or possibly later, depending on the results of participant's lab tests. An additional study visit will occur at Day 14.

On Day 26, participants will be readmitted to the inpatient unit, and they will receive their second dose of the vaccine on Day 28. Participants will undergo the same study procedures that occurred during the first inpatient stay, and they will be discharged on Day 35. Additional study visits will occur on Days 42, 56, 84, 112, 180, 270, and 360.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Phase 1 Evaluation of a Live Attenuated Human Parainfluenza Virus Type 3 Vectored Vaccine Candidate Expressing Ebolavirus Zaire Glycoprotein
Study Start Date : August 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2016


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort 1
Participants will receive two doses, separated by 4-8 weeks, of approximately 10^6 PFU/mL of the HPIV3-EbovZ GP vaccine.
Biological: HPIV3-EbovZ GP Vaccine
Administered intranasally by a VaxINator device

Experimental: Cohort 2
Participants will receive two doses, separated by 4-8 weeks, of approximately 10^7 PFU/mL of the HPIV3-EbovZ GP vaccine.
Biological: HPIV3-EbovZ GP Vaccine
Administered intranasally by a VaxINator device




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Frequency of vaccine-related reactogenicity events [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 56 ]
  2. Number of vaccinees infected with HPIV3-EbovZ GP vaccine virus when given at 10^6.0 or 10^7.0 PFU [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 360 ]
    Infection is defined as the recovery of vaccine virus from nasal wash, and/or the detection of virus in nasal wash by rRT-PCR, and/or a ≥4-fold rise in serum antibody titer to ebolavirus GP or HPIV3.

  3. The titer of vaccine virus recovered from nasal wash specimens obtained from each recipient [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 360 ]
  4. Number of days vaccine virus was shed, measured by plaque titration and rRT-PCR [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 360 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Development of serum antibody to the EbovZ-GP [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 360 ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult males and non-pregnant females between 18 years and 50 years of age inclusive. Children will not be recruited or enrolled in this study for safety considerations and because of the need for isolation.
  • General good health, without significant medical illness, physical examination findings, or significant laboratory abnormalities as determined by the investigator.
  • Low pre-existing serum antibody titers to HPIV3 (HAI titer less than or equal to 1:128).
  • Agree to storage of blood specimens for future research.
  • Available for the duration of the trial.
  • Willingness to participate in the study as evidenced by signing the informed consent document.
  • Female subjects of childbearing potential must agree to use effective birth control methods for the duration of the study (for example, pharmacologic contraceptives including oral, parenteral, subcutaneous and transcutaneous delivery; condoms with spermicide; diaphragm with spermicide; intrauterine device; abstinence from heterosexual intercourse; surgical sterilization). All female subjects will be considered being of childbearing potential except those who have undergone documented hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy, and those in whom menopause occurred at least 1 year prior to the study, confirmed by testing.
  • Willingness to refrain from blood donation during the course of the study.
  • Willingness to refrain from receiving other vaccines or investigational products during the first 4 months of the study after enrollment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnancy as determined by a positive human choriogonadotropin (beta-HCG) test.
  • Currently breastfeeding.
  • Evidence of clinically significant neurologic, cardiac, pulmonary, hepatic, rheumatologic, autoimmune, or renal disease by history, physical examination, and/or laboratory studies.
  • History of intranasal pathology or evidence of structural abnormalities of the sinuses or nasal cavity upon examination.
  • Behavioral or cognitive impairment or psychiatric disease that in the opinion of the investigator affects the ability of the subject to understand and cooperate with the study protocol.
  • Positive urine drug toxicology test indicating narcotic use or history of dependency.
  • Have medical, occupational, or family problems as a result of alcohol or illicit drug use during the past 12 months.
  • Other condition that in the opinion of the investigator would jeopardize the safety or rights of a subject participating in the trial or would render the subject unable to comply with the protocol.
  • History of anaphylaxis.
  • Current diagnosis of asthma or reactive airway disease (within the past 2 years).
  • Current history of allergic rhinitis requiring the use of medication.
  • History of Bell's palsy.
  • Positive ELISA and confirmatory test (e.g., Western blot or HIV-1/HIV-2 differentiation assay) for human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1).
  • Positive ELISA and confirmatory test (e.g., PCR for virus) for hepatitis C virus (HCV).
  • Positive hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) by ELISA.
  • Known immunodeficiency syndrome or history suggestive of impaired immune function.
  • Use of corticosteroids (excluding topical preparations) or immunosuppressive drugs within 30 days prior to vaccination.
  • Receipt of a live vaccine within 4 weeks or a killed vaccine within 2 weeks prior to study vaccination.
  • History of asplenia.
  • Body mass index (BMI) less than 18.5 or greater than 40.
  • Receipt of blood or blood-derived products (including immunoglobulin) within 6 months prior to study vaccination.
  • Current smoker unwilling to stop smoking for the duration of the inpatient study.

    • A current smoker includes anyone stating they currently smoke any amount of a tobacco product.
    • The decision to exclude a potential subject is determined by medical history and a clinician's clinical judgment based on the physical examination.
    • After admission to the unit, nicotine patches will be provided to current smokers who request them for the inpatient portion of the study.
  • Travel to Liberia, Sierra Leone or Guinea in the last 12 months or are intending to travel to an Ebola endemic region during the study period.
  • Receipt of another investigational vaccine or drug within 30 days prior to study vaccination.
  • Previous receipt of an investigational Ebola or Marburg virus vaccine, a chimpanzee adenovirus, or HPIV vectored vaccine or any other investigational vaccine likely to impact on interpretation of the trial data.
  • Individuals with current or past (in the last 4 weeks) use of intranasal medications (including steroids, decongestants, or hormonal medications) or who have plans to use them within 28 days of study vaccination.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02564575


Locations
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United States, Maryland
Center for Immunization Research (CIR), Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (JHBSPH)
Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Kawsar Talaat, MD Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

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Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02564575     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CIR 305
First Posted: September 30, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 1, 2017
Last Verified: January 2017
Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Ebolavirus
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola
Hemorrhagic Fevers, Viral
Paramyxoviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Filoviridae Infections
Mononegavirales Infections
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs