Try the modernized ClinicalTrials.gov beta website. Learn more about the modernization effort.
Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Oral Ponesimod Versus Teriflunomide In Relapsing MUltiple Sclerosis (OPTIMUM)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02425644
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 24, 2015
Results First Posted : June 11, 2021
Last Update Posted : January 26, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Actelion

Brief Summary:
International clinical trial to compare ponesimod and teriflunomide in relapsing multiple sclerosis

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Sclerosis Drug: ponesimod Drug: teriflunomide Phase 3

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1133 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Parallel-group, Active-controlled, Superiority Study to Compare the Efficacy and Safety of Ponesimod to Teriflunomide in Subjects With Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis
Actual Study Start Date : June 4, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 16, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : May 16, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Ponesimod
Subjects to receive 20 mg ponesimod
Drug: ponesimod
film-coated tablet with 20 mg ponesimod, administered orally once daily in the morning
Other Name: ACT-128800

Active Comparator: Teriflunomide
Subjects to receive 14 mg teriflunomide
Drug: teriflunomide
film-coated tablet with 14 mg teriflunomide, administered orally once daily in the morning




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Annualized Confirmed Relapse Rate [ Time Frame: From randomization to end of study (Week 108) ]
    Relapse: occurrence of acute episode of one or more new symptoms or worsened symptoms of Multiple sclerosis (MS), not associated with fever/infection and lasting 24 hours after stable 30 days period. Confirmed relapse: increase from baseline at least 0.5 point Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score or increase of one point in one, two or three Functional Systems (FS), excluding bowel/bladder and cerebral/mental FS. EDSS and FS scores are based on neurological examination for assessing its impairment in MS. Among eight FS, seven are ordinal clinical rating scales ranging from 0-5 or 6 with higher scale indicates overall functional impairment assessing Visual,Brain Stem,Pyramidal,Cerebellar,Sensory, Bowel/Bladder and Cerebral functions. Rating individual FS scores is used to rate EDSS in conjunction with observations and information concerning gait and use of assistance. EDSS is ordinal clinical rating scale ranging from 0 (normal neurological examination) to 10(death due to MS).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in Fatigue-related Symptoms as Measured by the Symptoms Domain of the Fatigue Symptom and Impact Questionnaire-Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis (FSIQ-RMS) Score to Week 108 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 108 ]
    The FSIQ-RMS is a 20-item Patient Reported Outcomes (PRO) measure to evaluate fatigue-related symptoms and the impacts of those symptoms on the lives of people. The FSIQ-RMS symptom domain (FSIQ-RMS-S) consists of seven items assessing fatigue-related symptoms daily with a recall period of 24 hours measured on an 11-point numeric rating scale; the (normalized) symptom domain score ranges from 0 to 100 with a higher score indicating greater fatigue. This domain was completed on 7 consecutive days. A negative change from baseline indicates an improvement in fatigue symptoms.

  2. Cumulative Number of Combined Unique Active Lesions (CUAL) Per Year From Baseline to Week 108 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 108 ]
    CUALs was calculated as sum of new Gadolinium-enhanced (Gd+) T1 lesions plus new or enlarging T2 lesions (without double-counting of lesions) from baseline based on the Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans up to Week 108. Average number of lesions per year were reported.

  3. 12-Week Confirmed Disability Accumulation (CDA) Assessed From Baseline to EOS [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 60 and 108 Weeks ]
    A 12-week CDA was defined as an increase of at least 1.5 in Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) for participants with a baseline EDSS score of 0.0 or an increase of at least 1.0 in EDSS for participants with a baseline EDSS score of 1.0 to 5.0, or an increase of at least 0.5 in EDSS for participants with a baseline EDSS score greater than or equal to (>=) 5.5, which was confirmed after 12 weeks. Baseline EDSS was defined as the last EDSS score recorded prior to randomization. EDSS is an ordinal clinical rating scale ranging from 0 (normal neurological examination) to 10 (death due to MS).

  4. 24-Week Confirmed Disability Accumulation (CDA) Assessed From Baseline to EOS [ Time Frame: Baseline to 60 Weeks and 108 Weeks ]
    A 24-week CDA was defined as an increase of at least 1.5 in EDSS for participants with a baseline EDSS score of 0.0 or an increase of at least 1.0 in EDSS for participants with a baseline EDSS score of 1.0 to 5.0, or an increase of at least 0.5 in EDSS for participants with a baseline EDSS score >= 5.5, which was confirmed after 24 weeks. Baseline EDSS was defined as the last EDSS score recorded prior to randomization. The EDSS is an ordinal scale ranging from 0 (normal neurological exam) to 10 (death to MS).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Male and female subjects aged 18 to 55 years with established diagnosis of MS McDonald 2010 with relapsing course from onset (i.e., RRMS and SPMS with superimposed relapses).

Subjects must have active disease evidenced by one or more MS attacks with onset within the period of 12 to 1 months prior to randomization, or by two or more MS attacks with onset within the 24 to 1 months prior to randomization, or with one or more gadolinium-enhancing (Gd+) lesion(s) of the brain on an MRI performed within 6 months prior to randomization.

Enrolled subjects must be ambulatory (EDSS score of up to 5.5 inclusive) and may be treatment-naïve or previously treated with MS disease modifying therapy.

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects with significant medical conditions or therapies for such conditions (e.g., cardiovascular, pulmonary, immunological, hepatic,ophthalmological conditions) or lactating or pregnant women are not eligible to enter the study.

Subjects with contraindications to MRI or with clinically relevant medical or surgical conditions that, in the opinion of the investigator, would put the subject at risk by participating in the study are not eligible to enter the study.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02425644


Locations
Show Show 162 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Actelion
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: Tatiana Scherz, MD, PhD Actelion
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Actelion:
Study Protocol  [PDF] December 5, 2018
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] June 20, 2019

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Actelion
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02425644    
Other Study ID Numbers: AC-058B301
2012-000540-10 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: April 24, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 11, 2021
Last Update Posted: January 26, 2022
Last Verified: January 2022

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Actelion:
relapsing multiple sclerosis
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Multiple Sclerosis
Sclerosis
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Teriflunomide
Ponesimod
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Sphingosine 1 Phosphate Receptor Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action