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Dabrafenib, Trametinib and Hydroxychloroquine in Patients With Advanced BRAF Mutant Melanoma (BAMM)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02257424
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 6, 2014
Last Update Posted : January 20, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania

Brief Summary:
The primary purpose of this study is to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and preliminary safety of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) when administered in conjunction with oral dabrafenib and trametinib (D+T) in patients with advanced BRAF mutant melanoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Advanced BRAF Mutant Melanoma Drug: Trametinib 2 mg daily Drug: hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) Drug: dabrafenib 150 mg orally twice a day Phase 1 Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: BRAF, Autophagy and MEK Inhibition in Metastatic Melanoma: A Phase I/II Open-Label Trial of Dabrafenib, Trametinib and Hydroxychloroquine in Patients With Advanced BRAF Mutant Melanoma
Study Start Date : October 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2021
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2021

Arm Intervention/treatment
Phase 1/2 Drug: Trametinib 2 mg daily
Drug: hydroxychloroquine (HCQ)
hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is 600 mg orally every 12 hours

Drug: dabrafenib 150 mg orally twice a day

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Phase 1: To determine the maximum tolerated dose [ Time Frame: 5 weeks ]
    Phase 1: Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) = a) the dose producing Dose Limiting Toxicity (DLT) in 2/6 patients, or b) the dose level below the dose which produced DLT in ≥ 2/3 patients, or in ≥ 3/6 patients

  2. Phase 2: To assess the clinical efficacy of HCQ+D+T by 1 year PFS rate. [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Phase 2: Progression free survival (PFS) is defined as the duration of time from start of treatment to time of first progression, death due to any cause or last patient contact alive and progression-free

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must be at least 18 years of age.
  • Patients must have histologically confirmed melanoma unresectable Stage III or Stage IV positive for BRAF V600E, V600K, V600R or V600D by a CLIA approved assay.
  • Patients must have an ECOG performance status of 0 or 1.
  • Patients must have adequate baseline organ function as determined by table 2.

Table 2. Definitions for adequate baseline organ function

Laboratory Values


  • ANC (absolute neutrophil count) ≥1.2 × 109/L
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL
  • Platelet count ≥100 x 109/L
  • PT/INR and PTT ≤ 1.3 x ULN (PT = prothrombin time; INR = international normalized ratio; PTT = partial thromboplastin time; ULN = upper limit of normal)


  • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN
  • AST (aspartate aminotransferase) and ALT (alanine transaminase) ≤ 2.5 x ULN

Renal -- Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/dL


-- Left Ventricular Ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥ LLN (lower limit of normal) by ECHO

Subjects receiving anticoagulation treatment may be allowed to participate with INR established within the therapeutic range prior to randomization.

If serum creatinine is > 1.5 mg/dL, calculate creatinine clearance using standard Cockcroft-Gault formula. Creatinine clearance must be ≥ 50 mL/min to be eligible.

Except subjects with known Gilbert's syndrome. ECHO scans must be used throughout the study when indicated

  • Patients must be able to provide written informed consent.
  • Negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days prior to commencement of dosing in premenopausal women. Women of non-childbearing potential may be included without serum pregnancy test if they are either surgically sterile or have been postmenopausal for ≥ 1 year. Women must use an effective method of contraception from 14 days prior to randomization, throughout the treatment period, and for at least 6 months after the last dose of study treatment as directed by their physician. Effective methods of contraception are defined as those which result in a low failure rate (i.e., less than 1% per year) when used consistently and correctly (for example implants, injectables, or intra-uterine devices). At the discretion of the investigator, acceptable methods of contraception may include total abstinence in cases where the lifestyle of the patient ensures compliance. (Periodic abstinence [e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, postovulation methods] and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.) Hormonal-based methods (e.g., oral contraceptives) are NOT permitted as contraception due to potential drug-drug interactions with dabrafenib.
  • Patients with brain metastases treated with whole brain radiation that have been stable for 2 months are eligible; patients with brain metastases treated with gamma knife or surgery are allowed to participate after 2 weeks have elapsed since their procedure. Subjects are excluded if they have leptomeningeal or metastases causing spinal cord compression that are symptomatic or untreated or not stable for ≥3 months (must be documented by imaging) or requiring corticosteroids. Subjects on a stable dose of corticosteroids >1 month or who have been off of corticosteroids for at least 1 week can be enrolled with approval of the medical monitor
  • Any number and type of prior anticancer therapies are allowed except BRAF or MEK inhibitors .
  • Patients must have discontinued active immunotherapy (IL-2, interferon, CTLA-4, etc.) or chemotherapy at least 4 weeks prior to entering the study and oral targeted therapy at least 2 weeks prior to entering the study. Patients must not receive any other investigational anticancer therapy during the period on study or the four weeks prior to entry.
  • All prior anti-cancer treatment-related toxicities (except alopecia and laboratory values as listed in Eligibility Criteria #4) must be Grade 1 according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4 (CTCAE version 4.03, 2009) at the time of starting treatment. Patients that are asymptomatic on low dose maintenance hormone replacement delivered at a stable dose for prior toxicities are eligible.
  • Patient much have measurable disease as defined by RECIST 1.1.
  • Patients must be able to swallow and retain oral medication and must not have any clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities that may alter absorption such as malabsorption syndrome or major resection of the stomach or bowels.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with known serious concurrent infection or medical illness, including psychiatric disorders, which would jeopardize the ability of the patient to receive the treatment outlined in this protocol with reasonable safety.
  • Patients who are pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • Patients receiving concurrent therapy for their tumor (i.e. chemotherapeutics or investigational agents).
  • Patients who are known to be experiencing an objective partial response to immunotherapy at the time of study enrollment
  • History of malignancy other than disease under study within 3 years of study enrollment with exceptions below:

Exception: Subjects with a history of completely resected non-melanoma skin cancer, or subjects with indolent second malignancies are eligible

  • History of malignancy with confirmed activating RAS mutation at any time. Note: Prospective RAS testing is not required. However, if the results of previous RAS testing are known, they must be used in assessing eligibility.
  • History of interstitial lung disease or chronic pneumonitis
  • Due to risk of disease exacerbation patients with porphyria or psoriasis are ineligible unless the disease is well controlled and they are under the care of a specialist for the disorder who agrees to monitor the patient for exacerbations.
  • Have a known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction or idiosyncrasy to drugs chemically related to study drug, or excipients or to dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO).
  • Patients receiving cytochrome P450 enzyme-inducing anticonvulsant drugs (EIADs) (i.e. phenytoin, carbamazepine, Phenobarbital, primidone or oxcarbazepine) within 4 weeks of the start of the study treatment
  • Current use of a prohibited medication as described in Section 6.3.8 of the protocol for Potential for Drug-Drug Interaction: apply moisturizing creams frequently, topical keratolytics (e.g. urea 20-40 % cream, salicylic acid 6%, tazarotene 0.1% cream, fluorouracil 5% cream), clobetasol propionate 0.05% ointment for erythematous areas, topical lidocaine 2%, and / or systemic pain medication such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, codeine, and pregabalin for pain.
  • Known Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), or Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection (subjects with laboratory evidence of cleared HBV and/or HCV will be permitted
  • Patients with a previously documented retinal vein occlusion.
  • History or evidence of increased cardiovascular risk including any of the following
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < institutional lower limit of normal.
  • A QT interval corrected for heart rate using the Bazett's formula ≥ 480 msec;
  • Current clinically significant uncontrolled arrhythmias. Exception: Subjects with controlled atrial fibrillation for >30 days prior to randomization are eligible.
  • History of acute coronary syndromes (including myocardial infarction and unstable angina), coronary angioplasty, or stenting within 6 months prior to randomization.
  • Current ≥ Class II congestive heart failure as defined by New York Heart Association
  • Patients with intra-cardiac defibrillators
  • Abnormal cardiac valve morphology (≥grade 2) documented by echocardiogram (subjects with grade 1 abnormalities [i.e., mild regurgitation/stenosis] can be entered on study). Subjects with moderate valvular thickening should not be entered on study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02257424

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United States, Illinois
Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
United States, Missouri
Washington University School of Medicine
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
United States, New Jersey
Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey
New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States, 08903
United States, Pennsylvania
Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Sponsors and Collaborators
Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania
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Principal Investigator: Ravi Amaravadi, MD Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania
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Responsible Party: Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania Identifier: NCT02257424    
Other Study ID Numbers: UPCC 02614
First Posted: October 6, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 20, 2022
Last Verified: January 2022
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors