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Controlling Urgency Through Relaxation Exercises (CURE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02202031
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 28, 2014
Results First Posted : July 5, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 30, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alison Huang, MD, University of California, San Francisco

Brief Summary:
We propose to conduct a rigorous, 12-week, randomized controlled trial of two relaxation therapies in 160 ambulatory women who report an average of at least 3 urgency-associated voiding or incontinence episodes per day. Participants will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to: 1) practice slowing their resting respiratory rate to 5 to 10 breaths per minute for at least 15 minutes/day at home using a portable guided-breathing device; or 2) use an identical-appearing device that plays relaxing music while monitoring their spontaneous breathing pattern. We do not know if either of the two types of relaxation therapies is effective in treating OAB. All women will also receive a usual care pamphlet providing basic information about other traditional self-management strategies for OAB.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Overactive Bladder Urgency Urinary Symptoms Urgency Incontinence Behavioral: Paced Respiration Behavioral: Music Therapy Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 161 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Actual Study Start Date : September 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2018

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Music Therapy
Participants will use an identical appearing device, programmed to play quiet, relaxing music, while monitoring spontaneous breathing. Participants will be instructed to use their devices for at least 15 minutes per day for 12 weeks.
Behavioral: Music Therapy
Participants will use an identical appearing device, programmed to play quiet, relaxing music, while monitoring spontaneous breathing. Participants will be instructed to use their devices for at least 15 minutes per day for 12 weeks.

Experimental: Paced Respiration
Participants will use a small, commercially-available guided-breathing device to practice breathing at a rate slower than 10 breaths per minute. Participants will be instructed to use their devices for at least 15 minutes per day for 12 weeks.
Behavioral: Paced Respiration
Participants will use a small, commercially-available guided-breathing device to practice breathing at a rate slower than 10 breaths per minute. Participants will be instructed to use their devices for at least 15 minutes per day for 12 weeks.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in Frequency of Any Voiding or Incontinence Episodes Associated With At Least a Moderate Sensation of Urgency at 12 Weeks. [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 weeks ]
    Self-reported on voiding diary.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in Frequency of Any Voiding or Incontinence Episodes Associated With a Severe Sensation of Urgency at 12 Weeks. [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 weeks ]
    Self-reported on voiding diary

  2. Change From Baseline in Urgency Incontinence Episodes at 12 Weeks. [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 weeks. ]
    Self-reported on voiding diary

  3. Change From Baseline in Total Voiding Episodes at 12 Weeks. [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 weeks ]
    Self-reported on voiding diary.

  4. Change From Baseline in Overactive Bladder Questionnaire Score at 12 Weeks [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 weeks. ]
    A 33-item measure of the bothersomness and impact of multiple OAB symptoms (such as urgency, incontinence, nocturia) along a 100-point scale. Higher the score the greater the bothersome.

  5. Change From Baseline Score of Urgency Severity and Impact Questionnaire (USIQ), Severity Subscale at 12 Weeks. [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 weeks. ]
    A 13-item measure of the severity and impact of urgency validated specifically in patients with OAB, range of 0-100. Higher the severity score, the more severe.

  6. Change From Baseline Score of Urgency Severity and Impact Questionnaire (USIQ), Health-Related Quality of Life Subscale at 12 Weeks. [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 weeks ]
    A 13-item measure of the severity and impact of urgency validated specifically in patients with OAB, range of 0-100. Higher the severity score, the more interference with quality of life.

  7. Change From Baseline in Urogenital Distress Inventory Short Form (UDI-6) Score at 12 Weeks. [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 weeks ]
    A 6-item measure of the bothersomeness of multiple urinary symptoms, including urgency and incontinence; scores range from 0-100. Higher the score, the more distress.

  8. Change From Baseline on Patient Perception of Bladder Condition (PPBC) Score at 12 Weeks. [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 weeks ]
    A single-item assessing patient's overall perception of their bladder problems using a 6-point Likert scale, score range 1-6. The higher the score the more severe.

  9. Change From Baseline on Spielberger State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) - Trait Component Score at 12 Weeks. [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 Weeks ]
    A 20-item self-administered measure validated in both clinical and psychiatric populations, including patients with bladder symptoms. Scores range from 20 to 80, with higher scores indicating greater somatic anxiety.

  10. Change From Baseline in Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) - Anxiety Subscale Score at 12 Weeks. [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 Weeks ]
    A validated self-administered questionnaire that includes a 7-item Anxiety Subscale shown to be sensitive to change in incontinence trials. Scores range from 0 to 21, with higher scores indicating greater anxiety.

  11. Change From Baseline in Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) Score at 12 Weeks. [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 weeks ]
    A 20-item measure that has been widely used in clinical trials, including trials of bladder interventions, and is sensitive to change. Total scores range from 0 to 60, with higher scores indicating greater likelihood of depression.

  12. Change From Baseline in Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) Score at 12 Weeks. [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 weeks ]
    A 10-item self-administered questionnaire assessing subjective feelings and thoughts related to perceived stress in the past month, validated in a probability sample of the United States. Scores range from 0 to 40, with higher scores indicating greater perceived stress.

  13. Change From Baseline in Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) Overall Sleep Quality Score at 12 Weeks. [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 weeks ]
    An 18-item validated questionnaire evaluating sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep efficiency, and sleep problems over a one-week period. A global sleep quality score ranging from 0 to 21 can be derived from the PSQI, with higher scores reflecting poor sleep quality.

  14. Change From Baseline in Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia at 12 Weeks. [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 weeks ]
    Resting (neutral) state

  15. Change From Baseline in Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia (RSA) Resting (Neutral) State at 12 Weeks. [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 weeks ]
    Change in autonomic control as assessed by high frequency heart rate variability (RSA)

  16. Change From Baseline in Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia (RSA) Change From Rest to Dot Task at 12 Weeks. [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 weeks ]
    High frequency heart rate variability

  17. Change From Baseline in Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia (RSA) Change From Rest to Maze Task at 12 Weeks [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 weeks ]
    high frequency heart rate variability

  18. Change From Baseline in Pre-ejection Period (PEP) Resting (Neutral) State at 12 Weeks. [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 weeks ]
    PEP is the time period during which the left ventricle of the heart contracts while the aortic and mitral valves are still closed, is an established measure of sympathetic autonomic activity that can be measured non-invasively using impedance cardiography .

  19. Change From Baseline in Pre-ejection Period (PEP) Change From Rest to Dot Task at 12 Weeks. [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 weeks ]
    The time period during which the left ventricle of the heart contracts while the aortic and mitral valves are still closed

  20. Change From Baseline in Pre-ejection Period (PEP) Change From Rest to Maze Task at 12 Weeks [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 weeks ]
    The time period during which the left ventricle of the heart contracts while the aortic and mitral valves are still closed



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Women aged 21 years or older who are able to walk to the bathroom without assistance
  2. Report recurrent episodes of urgency (sudden or strong urges to urinate) beginning at least 3 months prior to screening
  3. Able to record all voiding and incontinence episodes on a screening 3-day voiding diary29,30 and rate the severity of urgency associated with each episode using a validated urgency severity scale31
  4. Document at least 9 voiding or incontinence episodes on the above 3-day voiding diary that are associated with at least moderate sensation of urgency (using the above validated urgency severity scale) 31
  5. Willing to refrain from initiating other treatments that may affect voiding pattern during the trial period

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Use of anticholinergic OAB medications or other medications known to affect urinary function (i.e., diuretics, tricyclic antidepressants) within 1 month of screening
  2. Current urinary tract infection (detected via screening dipstick urinalysis or urine culture) or a history more than 3 urinary tract infections in the preceding 1 year
  3. Prior history of lower urinary tract surgery, pelvic cancer, or pelvic irradiation; or other pelvic or abdominal surgery within 6 months of screening
  4. History of interstitial cystitis, fistula in the bladder or rectum, or congenital or childhood defect leading to chronic urinary incontinence, retention, or other chronic urinary symptoms
  5. Known history of major neurologic conditions likely to have major or permanent effects on bladder function such as stroke, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, or Parkinson's disease
  6. Use of bladder botulinum injections, electrostimulation, or other invasive therapies for OAB or incontinence within 3 months of screening
  7. Formal pelvic floor rehabilitation or other formal behavioral therapy for bladder symptoms involving a physical therapist or other certified practitioner within 3 months of screening
  8. Started, stopped, or changed dosage of a psychoactive medication likely to affect anxiety (SSRIs/SNRIs, tricyclics) within 3 months of screening, or plans to start, stop, or change dosage during the trial
  9. Resting blood pressure (average of 2 measures) less than 100/60 at screening (women with baseline low blood pressure may theoretically be at increased risk of hypotension with use of RESPeRATE)
  10. Resting breathing rate already below 10 breaths/minute before treatment (as measured during run-in)
  11. History of chronic pulmonary disease likely to interfere with breathing exercises (e.g., emphysema)
  12. Currently pregnant, gave birth within the past 3 months, or planning pregnancy during the study period
  13. Unable or willing to sign an informed consent, fill out questionnaires, or undergo study procedures

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02202031


Locations
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United States, California
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California, United States, 94115
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Francisco
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Alison Huang, MD University of California, San Francisco
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Alison Huang, MD, University of California, San Francisco:
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Responsible Party: Alison Huang, MD, Assistant Professor, University of California, San Francisco
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02202031    
Other Study ID Numbers: 14-13319
1R01AG047894 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: July 28, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 5, 2019
Last Update Posted: July 30, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Urinary Bladder, Overactive
Urinary Bladder Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
Urological Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms