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Acupressure for Fatigue and Low Back Pain

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02106741
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 8, 2014
Last Update Posted : October 25, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Susan Murphy, University of Michigan

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to compare two kinds of self-administered acupressure (relaxation acupressure and stimulating acupressure) to usual care for management of fatigue and pain in low back pain patients.

Hypothesis: Self-administered relaxation acupressure will result in improvements in fatigue and sleep quality, pain, and physical function compared to stimulating acupressure and usual care.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Fatigue Chronic Low Back Pain Behavioral: Relaxation acupressure Behavioral: Stimulating acupressure Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Acupressure is a Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) technique based on a philosophy similar to that of acupuncture. It involves the application of physical pressure on different acupuncture points (acupoints). One advantage of acupressure is the ability to self-administer the treatment. Acupressure is also a viable alternative to acupuncture in situations where patients: (1) cannot come to the clinic to receive an acupuncture treatment; (2) when a more frequent intervention is needed; or (3) where needle phobia or safety concerns are an issue.

The objective of this study is to evaluate the validity and feasibility of teaching acupressure interventions using an acupressure educator for the management of symptoms related to low back pain.

Specific aims:

  1. To examine the effect of 6-weeks of relaxation acupressure (RA) compared to a regime of stimulating acupressure (SA) or wait-list control (WL) on fatigue and sleep quality as assessed by Brief Fatigue Inventory and wrist-worn accelerometry (sleep efficiency).
  2. To explore the effect of 6-weeks of RA compared to a regime of SA or WL on for chronic low back pain in terms of reduced pain and improved function.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 51 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Pilot Study of Self-Administered Acupressure for Patients With Low Back Pain
Study Start Date : May 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Back Pain Fatigue

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Relaxation acupressure Behavioral: Relaxation acupressure

The relaxation acupressure protocol will use a set of nine fixed acupoints: forehead, twixt the eyebrows (unilateral); posterior neck, behind the ears (bilateral); palmer side of hand at wrist (bilateral); inside of lower leg (bilateral); top of foot (bilateral).

A trained acupressure educator will meet with each participant and demonstrate the sites and techniques for self-administered acupressure. Additionally, each participant will receive a demonstration DVD and a laminated handout detailing the locations of each acupoint.

Participants will be asked to perform daily acupressure sessions using the assigned sites. Each site is stimulated for 3 minutes, and the entire session can be completed in approximately 30 minutes.


Active Comparator: Stimulating acupressure Behavioral: Stimulating acupressure

The stimulating acupressure protocol will use a set of ten fixed acupoints: top of the head (unilateral); below the navel (unilateral); back of the hand (bilateral); outside of lower leg (bilateral); inside of lower leg (bilateral); inside of ankle (bilateral).

A trained acupressure educator will meet with each participant and demonstrate the sites and techniques for self-administered acupressure. Additionally, each participant will receive a demonstration DVD and a laminated handout detailing the locations of each acupoint.

Participants will be asked to perform daily acupressure sessions using the assigned sites. Each site is stimulated for 3 minutes, and the entire session can be completed in approximately 30 minutes.


No Intervention: Wait-list control



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Fatigue severity and interference in daily activities [ Time Frame: Week 0 (baseline) and approximately 9 weeks (follow-up) ]
    Fatigue severity and interference in daily activities will be measured using the Brief Fatigue Inventory. Subjects will answer the BFI at both baseline and follow-up. To investigate a change from baseline in fatigue, the difference between the post-assessment outcomes and baseline measures will be calculated. Analyses on these differences will be performed using independent samples t-tests between treatment groups. We will also evaluate all continuous outcomes by ANCOVA, adjusting for baseline value and treatment group.

  2. Sleep quality via objectively measured sleep efficiency [ Time Frame: Week 0 (baseline) and approximately 9 weeks (follow-up) ]
    We will use wrist-worn accelerometry to assess sleep efficiency. Subjects will wear a wrist-worn accelerometer for 7 consecutive days (at baseline and follow-up) that collects in vivo sleep quality data; an accompanying logbook will be used to enhance objective data. To investigate a change from baseline in sleep efficiency, the difference between the post-assessment outcomes and baseline measures will be calculated. Analyses on these differences will be performed using independent samples t-tests between treatment groups. We will also evaluate all continuous outcomes by ANCOVA, adjusting for baseline value and treatment group.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pain severity and interference in daily activities [ Time Frame: Week 0 (baseline) and approximately 9 weeks (follow-up) ]
    Pain severity and interference in daily activities will be measured using the Brief Pain Inventory. Subjects will answer the BPI at both baseline and follow-up. To investigate a change from baseline in pain, the difference between the post-assessment outcomes and baseline measures will be calculated. Analyses on these differences will be performed using independent samples t-tests between treatment groups. We will also evaluate all continuous outcomes by ANCOVA, adjusting for baseline value and treatment group.

  2. Level of physical functioning as measured by the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire. [ Time Frame: Week 0 (baseline) and approximately 9 weeks (follow-up) ]
    Subjects will answer the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire at both baseline and follow-up. To investigate a change from baseline in physical function, the difference between the post-assessment outcomes and baseline measures will be calculated. Analyses on these differences will be performed using independent samples t-tests between treatment groups. We will also evaluate all continuous outcomes by ANCOVA, adjusting for baseline value and treatment group.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Aged18-65 years
  • Non-specific low back pain (either by self-report or via ICD-9 codes 724.2, 724.5, 846.0-846.9)
  • Low back pain that has persisted for at least 3 months
  • Minimum of 3/10 on the Pain Bothersome Scale
  • Minimum of 3/10 fatigue severity
  • Ambulatory with or without assistive device
  • Ability to operate the accelerometer (Actiwatch-S)
  • Stable medication regiment for the previous 2 months
  • Report of a physician's visit during the previous 24 months
  • English-speaking

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Medically unstable (acute conditions or acute presentations of chronic conditions)
  • Current pregnancy
  • Radiculopathy or report of low back pain radiating to below the knee
  • Reported history of spinal fracture, herniated lumbar disc, ankylosing spondylitis, and spinal stenosis.
  • Report of back surgery within the preceding 12 months
  • Participation in active litigation or compensation claims
  • Conditions that might confound treatment effects or interpretation of results (for example, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus)
  • Acupuncture or acupressure within the preceding 12 months
  • Report of sleep apnea
  • 2nd or 3rd shift workers or other non-traditional sleep schedules
  • Use of anti-coagulant/platelet therapy within the preceding month

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02106741


Locations
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United States, Michigan
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Michigan
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Susan L Murphy, ScD, OTR University of Michigan
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Susan Murphy, Associate Professor, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Michigan
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02106741    
Other Study ID Numbers: BAK
First Posted: April 8, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 25, 2016
Last Verified: August 2015
Keywords provided by Susan Murphy, University of Michigan:
Pain
Acupressure
Symptoms
Fatigue
Self-administered
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Back Pain
Low Back Pain
Fatigue
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations