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SARC024: A Blanket Protocol to Study Oral Regorafenib in Patients With Selected Sarcoma Subtypes

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02048371
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 29, 2014
Last Update Posted : July 2, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sarcoma Alliance for Research through Collaboration

Brief Summary:

Although regorafenib was approved for use in patients who had progressive GIST despite imatinib and/or sunitinib on the basis of phase II and phase III data, it has not been examined in a systematic fashion in patients with other forms of sarcoma.

Given the activity of sorafenib, sunitinib and pazopanib in soft tissue sarcomas, and evidence of activity of sorafenib in osteogenic sarcoma and possibly Ewing/Ewing-like sarcoma, there is precedent to examine SMOKIs (small molecule oral kinase inhibitors) such as regorafenib in sarcomas other than GIST. It is also recognized that SMOKIs (small molecule oral kinase inhibitors)such as regorafenib, sorafenib, pazopanib, and sunitinib have overlapping panels of kinases that are inhibited simultaneously. While not equivalent, most of these SMOKIs (small molecule oral kinase inhibitors) block vascular endothelial growth factor and platelet derived growth factors receptors (VEGFRs and PDGFRs), speaking to a common mechanism of action of several of these agents.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Liposarcoma Osteogenic Sarcoma Ewing/Ewing-like Sarcoma Rhabdomyosarcoma Mesenchymal Chondrosarcoma Drug: Regorafenib Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Although regorafenib was approved for use in patients who had progressive GIST despite imatinib and/or sunitinib on the basis of phase II and phase III data, it has not been examined in a systematic fashion in patients with other forms of sarcoma.

Given the activity of sorafenib, sunitinib and pazopanib in soft tissue sarcomas, and evidence of activity of sorafenib in osteogenic sarcoma and possibly Ewing/Ewing-like sarcoma, there is precedent to examine SMOKIs (small molecule oral kinase inhibitors) such as regorafenib in sarcomas other than GIST. It is also recognized that SMOKIs (small molecule oral kinase inhibitors)such as regorafenib, sorafenib, pazopanib, and sunitinib have overlapping panels of kinases that are inhibited simultaneously. While not equivalent, most of these SMOKIs (small molecule oral kinase inhibitors) block vascular endothelial growth factor and platelet derived growth factors receptors (VEGFRs and PDGFRs), speaking to a common mechanism of action of several of these agents

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 150 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: SARC024: A Blanket Protocol to Study Oral Regorafenib in Patients With Selected Sarcoma Subtypes
Actual Study Start Date : July 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2021


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Cohort A: Regorafenib

Adults: 160 mg daily; 21 days on and 7 days off Pediatrics: 82mg/m2 (rounding to the nearest 20mg) daily; 21 days on and 7 days off

Regorafenib

Drug: Regorafenib
Adults: 160 mg daily; 21 days on and 7 days off Pediatrics: 82mg/m2 (rounding to the nearest 20mg) daily; 21 days on and 7 days off

Placebo Comparator: Cohort A: Placebo

21 days on and 7 days off

Placebo

Drug: Placebo
21 days on and 7 days off

Active Comparator: Cohort B: Regorafenib

Adults: 160 mg daily; 21 days on and 7 days off Pediatrics: 82mg/m2 (rounding to the nearest 20mg) daily; 21 days on and 7 days off

Regorafenib

Drug: Regorafenib
Adults: 160 mg daily; 21 days on and 7 days off Pediatrics: 82mg/m2 (rounding to the nearest 20mg) daily; 21 days on and 7 days off

Placebo Comparator: Cohort B: Placebo

21 days on and 7 days off

Placebo

Drug: Placebo
21 days on and 7 days off

Active Comparator: Cohort C: Regorafenib

Adults: 160 mg daily; 21 days on and 7 days off Pediatrics: 82mg/m2 (rounding to the nearest 20mg) daily; 21 days on and 7 days off

Regorafenib

Drug: Regorafenib
Adults: 160 mg daily; 21 days on and 7 days off Pediatrics: 82mg/m2 (rounding to the nearest 20mg) daily; 21 days on and 7 days off

Active Comparator: Cohort D: Regorafenib

Adults: 160 mg daily; 21 days on and 7 days off Pediatrics: 82mg/m2 (rounding to the nearest 20mg) daily; 21 days on and 7 days off

Regorafenib

Drug: Regorafenib
Adults: 160 mg daily; 21 days on and 7 days off Pediatrics: 82mg/m2 (rounding to the nearest 20mg) daily; 21 days on and 7 days off

Active Comparator: Cohort E: Regorafenib

Adults: 160 mg daily; 21 days on and 7 days off Pediatrics: 82mg/m2 (rounding to the nearest 20mg) daily; 21 days on and 7 days off

Regorafenib

Drug: Regorafenib
Adults: 160 mg daily; 21 days on and 7 days off Pediatrics: 82mg/m2 (rounding to the nearest 20mg) daily; 21 days on and 7 days off




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival (PFS). Cohort A [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ]
    The progression-free survival is the length of time during and after the treatment of a disease, such as cancer, that a patient lives with the disease but it does not get worse. Cohort A (liposarcoma). PFS will be evaluated according to RECIST (Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors) 1.1.

  2. Progression-free survival (PFS). Cohort B [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ]
    The progression-free survival is the length of time during and after the treatment of a disease, such as cancer, that a patient lives with the disease but it does not get worse. Cohort B (osteogenic sarcoma). PFS will be evaluated according to RECIST (Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors) 1.1.

  3. Progression-free survival (PFS). Cohort C [ Time Frame: up to 16 weeks ]
    The progression-free survival is the length of time during and after the treatment of a disease, such as cancer, that a patient lives with the disease but it does not get worse. Cohort C (Ewing/Ewing-like sarcoma). PFS will be evaluated according to RECIST (Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors) 1.1.

  4. Progression-free survival (PFS). Cohort D [ Time Frame: up to 16 weeks ]
    The progression-free survival is the length of time during and after the treatment of a disease, such as cancer, that a patient lives with the disease but it does not get worse. Cohort D (Rhabdomyosarcoma). PFS will be evaluated according to RECIST (Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors) 1.1.

  5. Progression-free survival (PFS). Cohort E [ Time Frame: up to 16 weeks ]
    The progression-free survival is the length of time during and after the treatment of a disease, such as cancer, that a patient lives with the disease but it does not get worse. Cohort D (Rhabdomyosarcoma). PFS will be evaluated according to RECIST (Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors) 1.1.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The incidence of reported CTCAE (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events) version 4.03 adverse events. All cohorts. [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ]
    Common Toxicity Criteria, also referred to as the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), is a standardised classification of side effects used in assessing drugs for cancer therapy. Cohorts A, B, C, and D.

  2. Overall response rate (ORR). All cohorts. [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ]
    The overall response rate (ORR) is the percentage of patients whose cancer shrinks or disappears after treatment. ORR will be evaluated according to RECIST (Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors) 1.1

  3. Progression-free survival (PFS), Cohorts A and B, after crossover. [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ]
    The progression-free survival is the length of time during and after the treatment of a disease, such as cancer, that a patient lives with the disease but it does not get worse.

  4. Response rate (RR), Cohorts A and B, after crossover. [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ]
    The response rate (RR) is the percentage of patients whose cancer shrinks or disappears after treatment.

  5. Time to tumor progression (TTP), Cohorts A and B, after crossover. [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ]
    Time to tumor progression (TTP) is the length of time from the date of diagnosis or the start of treatment for a disease until the disease starts to get worse or spread to other parts of the body.

  6. overall survival (OS). Cohorts A and B, after crossover. [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ]
    Overall survival (OS) is the length of time from either the date of diagnosis or the start of treatment for a disease, such as cancer, that patients diagnosed with the disease are still alive.

  7. Disease Specific Survival (DSS). Cohorts A and B, after crossover. [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ]
    Disease-specific survival refers to the percentage of people in a study or treatment group who have not died from a specific disease in a defined period of time.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   5 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥ 10 year for Liposarcoma, Osteosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma and Mesenchymal Chondrosarcoma; Age ≥ 5 years for Rhabdomyosarcoma cohorts
  • Weight ≥ 15 kg (33 lb)
  • Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed advanced/metastatic liposarcoma, osteogenic sarcoma, Ewing/Ewing-like sarcoma of soft tissue or bone, fusion-positive alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma or embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma/fusion-negative alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma , or mesenchymal chondrosarcoma
  • WHO Performance Status 0, 1 or 2. A maximum of 1/3 of patients in cohorts A & B may be WHO performance status 2
  • At least one prior line of systemic therapy for the sarcoma diagnosis (neoadjuvant, adjuvant or metastatic disease)
  • All acute toxic effects of any prior treatment have resolved to NCI-CTCAE v 4.0 Grade 1 or less (except alopecia) at the time of signing the Informed Consent Form (ICF)
  • Subject must be able to swallow and retain oral medication
  • At least one site of measurable disease on x-ray/CT/MRI scan as defined by RECIST 1.1
  • Adequate organ function within 14 days of registration
  • Written, voluntary informed consent
  • Fertile men and women of childbearing potential must agree to use an effective method of birth control from Day 1 of study and for 3 months after last study drug administration in both sexes, as assessed by the investigator. Women of childbearing potential include pre-menopausal women and women within the first 2 years of the onset of menopause. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test less than or equal to seven days prior to Day 1 of study. The definition of adequate contraception will be based on the judgement of the investigator.
  • Evidence of progression of disease as defined by RECIST 1.1 (i.e. new disease sites or 20% growth of index lesions) within 6 months of registration
  • Patients with central nervous system disease are eligible for enrollment if they have received prior radiotherapy or surgery to sites of CNS (central nervous system) metastatic disease and are without evidence of clinical progression for at least 12 weeks after therapy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with documentation of well differentiated liposarcoma only (of the well differentiated/dedifferentiated liposarcoma family) are specifically excluded, owing to its characteristically slow growth. If high grade areas are suspected (dedifferentiation), but not proved by pathology analysis (e.g. after primary resection of a well-differentiated liposarcoma), a biopsy must be performed to demonstrate the high-grade dedifferentiated disease
  • Prior systemic therapy with a small molecule oral kinase inhibitor, including but not limited to: pazopanib, sunitinib, sorafenib, everolimus, sirolimus, vemurafenib, dasatinib and trametinib
  • Previous assignment to treatment during this study. Subjects permanently withdrawn from study participation will not be allowed to re-enter study. Patients who progress on placebo are specifically allowed to enroll on the treatment arm of the study if they meet all other entry criteria
  • Concurrent, clinically significant, active malignancies within 12 months of study enrollment
  • Patients with severe and/or uncontrolled concurrent medical disease that in the opinion of the investigator could cause unacceptable safety risks or compromise compliance with the protocol
  • Major surgery within 28 days prior to study registration or those patients who have not recovered adequately from prior surgery
  • Patients who have received wide field radiotherapy ≤ 28 days (defined as > 50% of volume of pelvis bones or equivalent) or limited field radiation for palliation < 14 days prior to study registration or those patients who have not recovered adequately from side effects of such therapy
  • Patients who have received prior systemic therapy < 14 days prior to study registration or have not recovered adequately from toxicities to CTCAE v. 4.03 grade 1 or less; prior investigational therapy may not have been given < 5 half-lives of last dose of treatment, or < 14 days, whichever is greater
  • Patients who have had prior autologous, or allogeneic bone marrow transplant
  • Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic pressure >140 mm Hg or diastolic pressure > 90 mm Hg [NCI-CTCAE v 4.0] on repeated measurement) despite optimal medical management
  • Active or clinically significant cardiac disease including: Congestive heart failure-New York Heart Association (NYHA) > class II, Active coronary artery disease, Cardiac arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy other than beta blockers or digoxin, Unstable angina (anginal symptoms at rest), new onset angina within 3 months before randomization, or myocardial infarction within 6 months before randomization
  • Evidence or history of bleeding diathesis
  • Any hemorrhage or bleeding event ≥ NCI CTCAE Grade 3 within 4 weeks prior to study registration
  • Subjects with thrombotic, embolic, venous, or arterial events, such as cerebrovascular accident (including transient ischemic attacks) deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism within 6 months of start of study treatment
  • Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or current chronic or active hepatitis B or C infection requiring treatment with antiviral therapy.
  • Ongoing infection > Grade 2 NCI-CTCAE v 4.03
  • Presence of a non-healing wound, non-healing ulcer, or benign bone fracture (patients with stress insufficiency fractures e.g. from osteoporosis or pathological fracture from tumor are eligible for study)
  • Patients with seizure disorder requiring medication
  • Proteinuria > 100 mg/dl on urine analysis
  • Interstitial lung disease with ongoing signs and symptoms at the time of informed consent
  • Pleural effusion or ascites that causes respiratory compromise (≥ NCI-CTCAE version 4.03 Grade 2 dyspnea)
  • History of organ allograft (including corneal transplant).
  • Known or suspected allergy or hypersensitivity to regorafenib, or excipients of the formulations given during the course of this trial
  • Any malabsorption condition.
  • Women who are pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • Any condition which, in the investigator's opinion, makes the subject unsuitable for trial participation
  • Substance abuse, medical, psychological or social conditions that may interfere with the subject's participation in the study or evaluation of the study results
  • Inability to comply with protocol required procedures
  • Use of any herbal remedy (e.g. St. John wort [Hypericum perforatum])

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02048371


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: SARC Office 734-930-7600 sarc@sarctrials.org
Contact: SARC Office 734-930-7600 sarc024@sarctrials.org

Locations
Show Show 17 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sarcoma Alliance for Research through Collaboration
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Robert Maki, MD, PhD University of Pennsylvania
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Sarcoma Alliance for Research through Collaboration
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02048371    
Other Study ID Numbers: SARC024
First Posted: January 29, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 2, 2020
Last Verified: June 2020
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Sarcoma
Rhabdomyosarcoma
Liposarcoma
Chondrosarcoma
Osteosarcoma
Chondrosarcoma, Mesenchymal
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Myosarcoma
Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue
Neoplasms, Adipose Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective Tissue
Neoplasms, Bone Tissue