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Effect of Educational Intervention in Mothers for Prevention of Caries in Their Children

This study has been completed.
Sheikh Zayed Federal Postgraduate Medical Institute
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr Fatima Ishfaq, University of the Punjab Identifier:
First received: January 6, 2013
Last updated: NA
Last verified: January 2013
History: No changes posted
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of an educational intervention on mothers knowledge, attitudes and practices for preventing childhood caries.

Condition Intervention
Dental Caries
Behavioral: oral health education
Behavioral: reminder phone call

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Effect of Educational Intervention in Mothers for Prevention of Caries in Their Children, A Randomized Controlled Trial

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of the Punjab:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • improvement in child's oral hygiene [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    Increase in the frequency of tooth brushing, use of a proper oral hygiene aid would indicate an improvement in the child's oral hygiene as reported by the mother after a three month follow up period.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • reduction in sugar intake [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    A reduction in child's sugar intake would be assessed through the followup structured questionnaire as reduced frequency of sugary snacking and a reduction in night time feeding practices.

Other Outcome Measures:
  • Improvement in Mothers knowledge and attitudes regarding their child's oral health [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    An improvement in mother's knowledge and attitudes regarding their child's oral health would be assessed through the part of the questionnaire comprising of questions on fluoride, importance of milk teeth, prevention of caries etc

Enrollment: 126
Study Start Date: June 2012
Study Completion Date: November 2012
Primary Completion Date: July 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
pamphlet and reminder
pictorial oral health pamphlet comprising of instructions on child's oral hygiene and feeding practices and a oral health education reminder phone call after a period of one month.
Behavioral: oral health education
oral health education in the form of a pictorial pamphlet.
Behavioral: reminder phone call
a reminder phone call on oral health instructions would be given to mothers after every one month over a period of three months.
pamphlet only
oral health education pictorial pamphlet would be provided to mothers however there will be no reminder phone calls.
Behavioral: oral health education
oral health education in the form of a pictorial pamphlet.
No Intervention: control
no oral health education or reminder phone calls will be provided to mothers.

Detailed Description:

Health education is being used as a key preventive tool in the prevention of chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, obesity, mental illness, neurological disturbances as well as dental diseases.

Amongst the dental diseases, dental caries is a high prevalence chronic childhood disease having long term growth and developmental implications . A number of educational programs have been utilized to decrease its prevalence especially in disadvantaged communities.

Dental caries is a complex interplay of a number of risk factors such as demographic (socioeconomic status, race, etc.) behavioral, dietary and cultural factors. Among the dietary intake, the most significant risk factor has been a high frequency intake of sugary foods and drinks.Patterns of sugar intake are established early in life and sugar intake increases in the first two years of life.

Early feeding practices and lack of oral hygiene maintenance have been identified as risk factors for caries in subsequent years. Maternal education can prove to be protective against dental caries by way of child's dietary practices.

Research has also indicated a reduction in prevalence of caries in children whose parents were previously participants of an oral health educational program.

Educating mothers about oral hygiene and feeding practices before the child transitions from exclusive milk diet to a variety of foods in an important time to exert a positive influence on dietary intake of child and overall oral health.


Ages Eligible for Study:   9 Months to 15 Months   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Mothers of 9-15 months old attending the vaccination clinic who consented to be a part of the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Mothers with severely ill children or children suffering from a co-morbid disease.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01763138

Children Hospital and Institute of Child Health
Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of the Punjab
Sheikh Zayed Federal Postgraduate Medical Institute
Principal Investigator: Fatima Ishfaq, BDS Sheikh Zayed Federal Postgraduate Medical Institute
  More Information

Responsible Party: Dr Fatima Ishfaq, Dr. Fatima Ishfaq, University of the Punjab Identifier: NCT01763138     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: fatima ishfaq
Study First Received: January 6, 2013
Last Updated: January 6, 2013

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Dental Caries
Tooth Demineralization
Tooth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases processed this record on April 28, 2017