Genetically Determined Response to Atenolol in Patients With Persistent Atrial Fibrillation
Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common sustained heart rhythm disorder, is becoming increasingly prevalent in the Western world. The number of people with AF in the United States is projected to roughly double by the year 2050, to an estimated 6-12 million. For many patients with AF, rate control with atrioventricular (AV) node blockers is a widely accepted therapeutic strategy. These agents control heart rate, thus preventing symptoms and systolic heart failure associated with tachycardia due to a rapid ventricular response to AF. Beta-blockers are widely accepted as first line agents for rate control in AF, especially when patients have concomitant hypertension (HTN), coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathies, or heart failure (HF). As a class, beta-blockers are among the most commonly prescribed cardiovascular medications.
Among patients with AF treated with beta-blockers, the heart rate (HR) response varies substantially. Sometimes, adequate rate control can be achieved by titration of the beta-blocker dose; but frequently, additional AV nodal blockers and/or digoxin are necessary. In some cases, adequate rate control cannot be achieved even with the simultaneous use of multiple AV nodal blockers, necessitating mechanical ablation of the AV node and permanent pacemaker implantation.
Patient-specific variables that influence the response to beta-blockers include comorbid conditions, weight, age, and level of physical activity. Ethnic differences in the response to beta-blockers for the treatment of HTN and HF are well-described. However, the contribution of genetic variants to beta-blocker efficacy in AF is unknown. We propose to study, using a candidate gene approach, the effect of genetic variants on heart rate response to beta-blockade in patients with AF.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Genetically Determined Response to Atenolol in Patients With Persistent Atrial Fibrillation|
- Ventricular rate response during exercise. [ Time Frame: 1 day ]After baseline vital signs and ECG are recorded, patients will be asked to perform a baseline standardized (modified Bruce) exercise protocol. Heart rate will be recorded during each stage of the exercise protocol. Patients will be asked to exercise to sub-maximal exertion. After the baseline exercise protocol, patients will be given a single dose of oral atenolol. After a two hour waiting period to allow for peak effect of atenolol, patients will repeat the exercise protocol. The primary study outcome measure will be the difference in pre- and post-atenolol ventricular rate response to exercise. The primary outcome measure will be compared in patients with various polymorphisms in genes that might play a role in the inter-individual response to atenolol.
|Study Start Date:||January 2013|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2016|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Patients will undergo a standardized, graded exercise protocol before ank after receiving a dose of oral atenolol.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01719367
|United States, Tennessee|
|Vanderbilt University Medical Center|
|Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232|