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An Open-label, Multi-center, Expanded Access Study of Pasireotide s.c. in Patients With Cushing's Disease. (SEASCAPE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01582061
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 20, 2012
Results First Posted : June 19, 2018
Last Update Posted : June 19, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )

Brief Summary:
This study provided access to pasireotide sc in patients with Cushing's disease.and provided additional information for safety and efficacy of pasireotide s.c.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cushing's Disease Drug: Pasireotide sub-cutaneous Phase 3

Detailed Description:
Purpose of this study was to give access to pasireotide sc for patients with Cushing's disease as no medical treatment for Cushing's disease was approved at the time of the study initiation. The study population consisted of patients with persistent or recurrent Cushing's disease or patients with de novo Cushing's disease that were not considered candidates for pituitary surgery (poor surgery candidates, surgically unapproachable tumor, patients with no visible pituitary tumor, patients who refused surgery). A confirmed Cushing's disease diagnosis was required.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 104 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-label, Multi-center, Expanded Access Study of Pasireotide s.c. in Patients With Cushing's Disease (Seascape).
Actual Study Start Date : August 16, 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 26, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : January 26, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Pasireotide

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Pasireotide 600 μg
Pasireotide sub-cutaneous was supplied in 1 ml ampoules containing 600 μg pasireotide per 1 ml of solution and was administered BID. Starting dose was 600 μg for glucose impaired metabolism patients. Mean daily dose category is defined on the mean daily dose considering the following grouping rule: 600 μg bid group includes all patients whose mean daily dose < 1500 μg /day.
Drug: Pasireotide sub-cutaneous
Pasireotide sub-cutaneous was supplied in 1 ml ampoules containing 900 μg, 600 μg, or 300 μg pasireotide per 1 ml of solution and was administered BID. Starting dose was 900 μg and 600 μg for glucose impaired metabolism patients
Other Name: SOM230 sub-cutaneous

Experimental: Pasireotide 900 μg
Pasireotide sub-cutaneous was supplied in 1 ml ampoules containing 900 μg pasireotide per 1 ml of solution and was administered BID. Starting dose was 900 μg. Mean daily dose category is defined on the mean daily dose considering the following grouping rule: 900 μg bid group includes all patients whose mean daily dose ≥ 1500 μg /day
Drug: Pasireotide sub-cutaneous
Pasireotide sub-cutaneous was supplied in 1 ml ampoules containing 900 μg, 600 μg, or 300 μg pasireotide per 1 ml of solution and was administered BID. Starting dose was 900 μg and 600 μg for glucose impaired metabolism patients
Other Name: SOM230 sub-cutaneous




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Patients With a Drug-related Adverse Event That is Recorded as Grade 3 or 4 or as a Serious Adverse Event (SAE) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to approximately 256 weeks ]
    Only AEs occurring on or after the start of study treatment and no more than 28 days after the discontinuation of study treatment. A patient with multiple occurrences of an AE under one treatment is counted only once in the AE category for that treatment. A patient with multiple severity grades for an AE while on a treatment, is only counted under the maximum grade.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Patients With Mean Urinary Free Cortisol (UFC) ≤ Upper Limit of Normal (ULN) [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 12, 24 and 48 ]
    The 24h-UFC concentration results from three samples during screening were averaged to obtain baseline. After baseline, mean 24h UFC was determined at week 24. At Week 4, 8, 16 and 20, mean 24h UFC was determined from two 24 hour urine collections collected on two consecutive days occurring before the visit. At Week 12, 24 and 48, the mean 24h-UFC from three 24 hour urine collections, collected over the week before the visit, was determined. After Week 24, the mean 24h UFC was determined at 12-week intervals until end of study visit, from two 24 hour collections during two consecutive days prior to each respective visit (except at Week 48). UFC was determined by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectroscopy (LC/MS/MS). The normal ranges were determined by the central laboratory's own reference range. All samples, including screening samples, were analyzed by a central laboratory.

  2. Percentage of Patients Achieving a Reduction of Mean UFC ≥ 50% From Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 12, 24 and 48 ]
    The 24h-UFC concentration results from three samples during screening were averaged to obtain baseline. After baseline, mean 24h UFC was determined at week 24. At Week 4, 8, 16 and 20, mean 24h UFC was determined from two 24 hour urine collections collected on two consecutive days occurring before the visit. At Week 12, 24 and 48, the mean 24h-UFC from three 24 hour urine collections, collected over the week before the visit, was determined. After Week 24, the mean 24h UFC was determined at 12-week intervals until end of study visit, from two 24 hour collections during two consecutive days prior to each respective visit (except at Week 48). UFC was determined by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectroscopy (LC/MS/MS). The normal ranges were determined by the central laboratory's own reference range. All samples, including screening samples, were analyzed by a central laboratory.

  3. Percent Change in Cushing Quality of Life and Work Productivity and Activity Impairment-General Health (WPAI-GH) Scores [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 12, 24 and 48 ]

    A 12-item Cushing's syndrome HRQoL questionnaire (CushingQoL, cf. Webb et al 2008) was implemented and patients who completed 9 or more items at a visit were considered evaluable for that visit. The standardized scores were calculated as follows: 1) Obtain raw scores, denoted by X, as the sum of all the ratings on all the HRQoL questions for a single patient and the score can range from 12 (worst HRQoL) to 60 points (best HRQoL). Therefore, the lower the score, greater the negative impact on HRQoL and 2) obtain standardized score, Y, for a single patient

    • Y = 100 (X-12) / (60-12) = 100 (X-12)/48. For example, if a patient answers all 12 items with 'Sometimes' or 'Somewhat', X = 36 and Y = 100 ∙ 24/48 = 50 The WPAI-GH questionnaire was used to assess work productivity and activity impairment. However, there was very limited baseline data and therefore the results and outcomes of the objective, 'change from baseline in WPAI-GH scores' are not included.


  4. Percent Change in Cushing's Disease Clinical Signs and Symptoms - Blood Pressure (BP) [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 12, 24 and 48 ]
    Standing systolic and diastolic BP based on 1 assessment and sitting systolic and diastolic BP was mean of 3 assessments.

  5. Percent Change in Cushing's Disease Clinical Signs and Symptoms - Pulse [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 12, 24 and 48 ]
    Change from baseline is shown as: Percent change from baseline (BL) =((Post BL value - BL value)/ BL value)*100

  6. Percent Change in Cushing's Disease Clinical Signs and Symptoms - Temperature [ Time Frame: Baseline week 12, 24 and 48 ]
    degrees celius

  7. Percent Change in Cushing's Disease Clinical Signs and Symptoms - Body Mass Index (BMI) [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 12, 24 and 48 ]
    Percent change in patients reducing by at least one class level. Class levels: <25.0, 25.0 to <30.0, ≥ 30.0. Percent change from baseline (BL) =((Post BL value - BL value)/ BL value)*100

  8. Percent Change in Cushing's Disease Clinical Signs and Symptoms - Weight [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 12, 24 and 48 ]
    Clinically relevant threshold (at any time point) was reduction of ≥ 5%

  9. Percent Change in Cushing's Disease Clinical Signs and Symptoms - Muscle Strength [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 12, 24 and 48 ]
    Direct observation of ability to stand unaided: 0=able to stand easily with arms extended, 1=able to stand after several efforts without using arms as assistance, 2=able to stand only by using arms as assistance 3=completely unable to stand

  10. Percent Change in Cushing's Disease Clinical Signs and Symptoms - Waist Circumference [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 12, 24 and 48 ]
    Clinically relevant threshold (at any time point). Reduction of ≥ 5%, Reduction of ≥ 10%

  11. Percent Change in Cushing's Disease Clinical Signs and Symptoms - Hirsutism [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 12, 24 and 48 ]
    Change from baseline is shown as: Percent change from baseline (BL) =((Post BL value - BL value)/ BL value)*100. Ferriman-Gallway scoring was used: 0=minimum and 36 was maximum in females only.

  12. Percent Change From Baseline in Growth Hormone (GH) Values [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 12, 24 and 48 ]
    Descriptive summary of the effect of pasireotide on GH.

  13. Percent Change From Baseline in Insulin Growth Factor - 1 (IGF - 1) Values [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 12, 24 and 48 ]
    Descriptive summary of the effect of pasireotide on IGF-1



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion criteria:

  1. Written informed consent obtained prior to any screening procedures
  2. Male or female patients aged 18 years or greater
  3. Patients with confirmed diagnosis of Cushing's disease as evidenced by mean urinary free cortisol of three 24-hour urine samples collected during the 3-week screening period above the upper limit of the laboratory normal range morning plasma ACTH within the normal or above normal range either MRI confirmation of pituitary adenoma (greater than or equal to 0.6 cm), or inferior petrosal sinus gradient >3 after CRH stimulation for those patients with a microadenoma less than 0.6 cm, or for patients who have had prior pituitary surgery, histopathology confirming an ACTH staining adenoma.
  4. Patients with de novo Cushing's disease must not be considered as candidates for pituitary surgery (i.e. poor surgical candidates, surgically unapproachable tumors, patients with no visible pituitary tumor, patients who refuse to have surgical treatment)
  5. Karnofsky performance status >60 (i.e. requires occasional assistance, but is able to care for most of his personal needs)
  6. For patients on previous medical treatment for Cushing's disease the following washout periods must be completed before screening assessments are performed

    • Inhibitors of steroidogenesis (e.g. ketoconazole, metyrapone, rosiglitazone): 1 week
    • Dopamine agonists (e.g. bromocriptine, cabergoline): 4 weeks
    • Mitotane: 6 months
    • Octreotide LAR and Lanreotide autogel: 8 weeks
    • Lanreotide SR: 4 weeks
    • Octreotide (immediate release formulation): 1 week
    • Glucocorticoid receptor inhibitor (mifepristone): 4 weeks

Exclusion criteria:

  1. Radiotherapy of the pituitary <4 weeks before screening or patient who has not recovered from side effects
  2. Patients with compression of the optic chiasm causing acute clinically significant visual field defect
  3. Patients with Cushing's syndrome due to ectopic ACTH secretion
  4. Patients with hypercortisolism secondary to adrenal tumors or nodular (primary) bilateral adrenal hyperplasia
  5. Patients who have a known inherited syndrome as the cause for hormone over secretion (i.e. Carney Complex, McCune-Albright syndrome, MEN-1)
  6. Patients with a diagnosis of glucocorticoid-remedial aldosteronism (GRA)
  7. Patients who have undergone major surgery within 1 month prior to screening
  8. Patients with known gallbladder or bile duct disease, acute or chronic pancreatitis (patients with asymptomatic cholelithiasis and asymptomatic bile duct dilation can be included)
  9. Diabetic patients whose blood glucose is poorly controlled as evidenced by HbA1C >8%
  10. Patients who have clinically significant impairment in cardiovascular function or are at risk thereof, as evidenced by congestive heart failure (NYHA Class III or IV), unstable angina, sustained ventricular tachycardia, clinically significant bradycardia, high grade AV block, history of acute MI less than one year prior to study entry

    • QTcF >450 msec at screening
    • History of syncope or family history of idiopathic sudden death
    • Risk factors for Torsades de Pointes such as uncorrected hypokalemia, uncorrected hypomagnesemia, cardiac failure
    • Concomitant disease(s) that could prolong the QT interval such as autonomic neuropathy (caused by diabetes or Parkinson's disease), HIV, cirrhosis, uncontrolled hypothyroidism, concomitant medication(s) with known risk for TdP
  11. Patients with liver disease or history of liver disease such as cirrhosis, chronic active hepatitis B and C, or chronic persistent hepatitis, or patients with ALT or AST more than 2 x ULN, serum creatinine >2.0 x ULN, serum bilirubin >1.5 x ULN, serum albumin < 0.67 x LLN at screening
  12. Patients who have any current or prior medical condition that can interfere with the conduct of the study or the evaluation of its results, such as

    • History of immunocompromise, including a positive HIV test result (Elisa and Western blot). An HIV test will not be required, however, previous medical history will be reviewed
    • Presence of active or suspected acute or chronic uncontrolled infection
    • History of, or current alcohol misuse/abuse in the 12 month period prior to screening
  13. Female patients who are pregnant or lactating, or are of childbearing potential and not practicing a medically acceptable method of birth control. If a woman is participating in the trial then one form of contraception is sufficient (pill or diaphragm) and the partner should use a condom. If oral contraception is used in addition to condoms, the patient must have been practicing this method for at least two months prior to screening and must agree to continue the oral contraceptive throughout the course of the study and for one month after the study has ended. Male patients who are sexually active are required to use condoms during the study and for three month afterwards as a precautionary measure (available data do not suggest any increased reproductive risk with the study drugs)
  14. Patients who have participated in any clinical investigation with an investigational drug within 1 month prior to screening or patients who have previously been treated with pasireotide
  15. Known hypersensitivity to somatostatin analogues
  16. Patients with a history of non-compliance to medical regimens or who are considered potentially unreliable or will be unable to complete the entire study
  17. Patients with presence of Hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg)
  18. Patients with presence of Hepatitis C antibody test (anti-HCV)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01582061


  Show 65 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
Study Director: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Novartis Pharmaceuticals
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals ):
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] March 10, 2017
Study Protocol  [PDF] November 13, 2015


Responsible Party: Novartis Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01582061     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CSOM230B2406
First Posted: April 20, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 19, 2018
Last Update Posted: June 19, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Keywords provided by Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals ):
Cushing's disease
Hormone disorder
Cortisol
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
Pituitary tumor
SOM230
adult

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pituitary ACTH Hypersecretion
ACTH-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma
Hyperpituitarism
Pituitary Diseases
Hypothalamic Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Adenoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Pituitary Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Pasireotide
Somatostatin
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs