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Fludarabine Phosphate, Melphalan, and Low-Dose Total-Body Irradiation Followed by Donor Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Hematologic Malignancies

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01529827
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 9, 2012
Results First Posted : July 2, 2017
Last Update Posted : September 24, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Roswell Park Cancer Institute

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well giving fludarabine phosphate, melphalan, and low-dose total-body irradiation (TBI) followed by donor peripheral blood stem cell transplant (PBSCT) works in treating patients with hematologic malignancies. Giving chemotherapy drugs such as fludarabine phosphate and melphalan, and low-dose TBI before a donor PBSCT helps stop the growth of cancer and abnormal cells and helps stop the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's stem cells. When the healthy stem cells from the donor are infused into the patient they may help the patient's bone marrow make stem cells, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Sometimes the transplanted cell from a donor can make an immune response against the body's normal cells. Giving tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), and methotrexate after transplant may stop this from happening

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Accelerated Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Remission Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Del(5q) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(15;17)(q22;q12) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22) Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma Aplastic Anemia Burkitt Lymphoma Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Remission Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission Childhood Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Childhood Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma Childhood Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis Childhood Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma Childhood Myelodysplastic Syndromes Childhood Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia Chronic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Congenital Amegakaryocytic Thrombocytopenia Diamond-Blackfan Anemia Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasm, Unclassifiable Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma Polycythemia Vera Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder Previously Treated Myelodysplastic Syndromes Primary Myelofibrosis Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma Recurrent Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Recurrent Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia Recurrent Childhood Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Childhood Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis Recurrent Childhood Large Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Childhood Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Recurrent Childhood Small Noncleaved Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Recurrent/Refractory Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia Refractory Multiple Myeloma Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia Secondary Myelodysplastic Syndromes Secondary Myelofibrosis Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Severe Congenital Neutropenia Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma T-cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Drug: fludarabine phosphate Drug: melphalan Radiation: total-body irradiation Drug: tacrolimus Drug: mycophenolate mofetil Drug: methotrexate Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Procedure: allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. To determine the transplant related mortality (TRM) of this reduced-intensity transplantation (RIT) combination, fludarabine (fludarabine phosphate), melphalan, and TBI in a patient population usually not eligible for a full a myeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).


I. To evaluate clinical response, progression free survival (PFS) at one year, engraftment rate, and graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) incidence with the proposed RIT regimen across a variety of hematological conditions.

II. Correlative studies will include chimerism analysis by molecular analysis and evaluation of immune reconstitution by cytomegalovirus (CMV) dextramer analysis using flow cytometry.


Patients receive fludarabine phosphate intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on days -5 to -2 and melphalan IV over 30 minutes on day -2. Patients undergo low-dose TBI twice daily (BID) on day -1.


Patients undergo allogeneic PBSCT on day 0.


Patients receive tacrolimus IV or orally (PO) BID on days -1 to 100 with taper over 4-6 months, MMF PO or IV every 6-8 hours on days -1 to 60, and methotrexate IV over 15-30 minutes on days 1, 3, and 6. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 94 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of Reduced Intensity Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation With Fludarabine, Melphalan and Low Dose Total Body Irradiation
Actual Study Start Date : February 28, 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 28, 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : August 29, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center resources: Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Myeloid Leukemia Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Multiple Myeloma Acute Myeloid Leukemia Acute Non Lymphoblastic Leukemia Myelodysplastic Syndromes Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia Lymphosarcoma Mantle Cell Lymphoma Follicular Lymphoma B-cell Lymphoma Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma Extranodal Nasal NK/T Cell Lymphoma Hodgkin Lymphoma Granulocytopenia Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders Chronic Graft Versus Host Disease Marginal Zone Lymphoma Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia Acute Graft Versus Host Disease Aplastic Anemia Aggressive NK Cell Leukemia T-cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia Primary Myelofibrosis Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma Polycythemia Vera Burkitt Lymphoma Myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative Disease Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Plasmablastic Lymphoma Lymphoma, Large-cell, Immunoblastic Mycosis Fungoides Hairy Cell Leukemia Adult T-cell Leukemia/lymphoma Sezary Syndrome Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disease Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma Angioimmunoblastic Lymphadenopathy With Dysproteinemia Severe Congenital Neutropenia Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome Congenital Amegakaryocytic Thrombocytopenia Diamond-Blackfan Anemia Leukemia, T-cell, Chronic Wiskott Aldrich Syndrome Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis Pure Red Cell Aplasia Multiple Symmetric Lipomatosis

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (reduced intensity allogeneic PBSCT)
PREPARATIVE REGIMEN: Patients receive fludarabine phosphate IV over 30 minutes on days -5 to -2 and melphalan IV over 30 minutes on day -2. Patients undergo low-dose TBI BID on day -1. TRANSPLANTATION: Patients undergo allogeneic PBSCT on day 0. GvHD PROPHYLAXIS: Patients receive tacrolimus IV or PO BID on days -1 to 100 with taper over 4-6 months, MMF PO or IV every 6-8 hours on days -1 to 60, and methotrexate IV over 15 to 30 minutes on days 1, 3, and 6.
Drug: fludarabine phosphate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 2-F-ara-AMP
  • Beneflur
  • Fludara

Drug: melphalan
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Alkeran
  • CB-3025
  • L-PAM
  • L-phenylalanine mustard
  • L-Sarcolysin

Radiation: total-body irradiation
Undergo TBI
Other Name: TBI

Drug: tacrolimus
Given IV or PO
Other Names:
  • FK 506
  • Prograf

Drug: mycophenolate mofetil
Given IV or PO
Other Names:
  • Cellcept
  • MMF

Drug: methotrexate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • amethopterin
  • Folex
  • methylaminopterin
  • Mexate
  • MTX

Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Procedure: allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Undergo allogeneic PBSCT

Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
Undergo PBSCT
Other Names:
  • PBPC transplantation
  • PBSC transplantation
  • peripheral blood progenitor cell transplantation
  • transplantation, peripheral blood stem cell

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Transplant Related Mortality (TRM) [ Time Frame: In the first 100 days from day 0 of transplant ]
    Day 100 transplant related mortality (TRM). An exact 95% confidence interval will be provided.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinical Response [ Time Frame: In the first 100 days from day 0 of transplant ]

    Patients will be followed according to response criteria as referenced in BMT SOP "Standards of Therapy" last updated 2008. Clinical Response = CR + PR.

    Complete Response Requires all of the following:

    • Serum and urine negative for monoclonal proteins by immunofixation
    • Normal free light chain ratio
    • Plasma cells in marrow < 5%

    Partial Response (PR) Requires any of the following:

    - ≥ 50% reduction in current serum monoclonal protein levels > 0.5 g/dL or urine light chain levels > 100 mg/day with a visible peak or free light chain levels > 10mg/dL

    Progressive Disease (PD) Requires any of the following:

    • If progressing from CR, any detectable monoclonal protein or abnormal free light chain ratio (light chain must double)
    • If progressive from PR or SD, ≥ 50% increase in the serum M protein to > 0.5 g/dL,or ≥ 50% increase in urine M protein to > 200mg/day with visible peak present.
    • Free light chain increase of ≥ 50% to

  2. Progression Free Survival (PFS) at One Year [ Time Frame: day of transplant until progression up to 5 years ]
    Assessed using Kaplan Meier and Proportional Hazards

  3. Median Time to Neutrophil Engraftment [ Time Frame: Day 100 ]
    Median time to recovery of absolute neutrophil count >=500/uL for 3 consecutive days. Summarized using standard descriptive statistics along with corresponding 95% confidence intervals.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years to 75 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of a histology documented hematologic malignancy or marrow disorder


  • Acquired bone marrow failure disorders include aplastic anemia, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) * Primary allogeneic HSCT is appropriate for selected patients with severe aplastic anemia; however, patients with aplastic anemia must have failed at least one cycle of standard immunosuppressive therapy with calcineurin inhibitor plus anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) if a fully matched donor is available * Patients with PNH should not be eligible for a myeloablative HSCT
  • Hereditary bone marrow failure disorders include Diamond-Blackfan Anemia, Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome, Kostmann Syndrome, congenital Amegakaryocytic Thrombocytopenia; Fanconi Anemia or related chromosomal breakage syndrome, Dyskeratosis Congenital are excluded from this study die to their poor deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) repair capacity * Fanconi anemia or related chromosomal breakage syndrome: positive chromosome breakage analysis using diepoxybutane (DEB) or mitomycin C if applicable * Dyskeratosis Congenita: diagnosis is supported by using either telomerase RNA component (TERC) gene mutation in autosomal dominant Dyskeratosis Congenita or X-linked DKC1 gene mutation
  • Other non-malignant hematologic or immunologic disorders that require transplantation * Quantitative or qualitative congenital platelet disorders (including but not limited to congenital amegakaryocytopenia, absent-radii syndrome, Glanzmann's thrombasthenia) * Quantitative or qualitative congenital neutrophil disorders (including but not limited to chronic granulomatous disease, congenital neutropenia) *Congenital primary immunodeficiency syndrome, Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, CD40 ligand deficiency, T-cell deficiencies)


  • Subjects must be ineligible for or unable to receive a conventional myeloablative transplantation
  • Resistant or recurrent disease after at least one standard combination chemotherapy OR first remission patients at high risk of relapse * Acute myeloid leukemia (AML)
  • antecedent myelodysplastic syndrome, secondary AML, high risk cytogenetic abnormalities or normal cytogenetics with high-risk molecular mutations (e.g., fms-like tyrosine kinase3-internal tandem duplication [Flt3-ITD] mutation) * Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)
  • high or standard risk ALL


  • Chronic phase (intolerant or unresponsive to imatinib and/or other tyrosine kinase inhibitors), second chronic phase or accelerated phase who are ineligible for conventional myeloablative transplantation


  • Myelofibrosis (with/without splenectomy) with intermediate to high risk features
  • Advanced polycythemia vera nor responding to standard therapy
  • MDS with lower International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) score of intermediate (Int)-2 or higher
  • MDS with lower IPSS score Int-1 or less with severe clinical features such as severe neutropenia or thrombocytopenia or high risk chromosome abnormalities such as monosomy 7
  • Secondary MDS with any IPSS scores
  • Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia


  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), low-grade non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) (recurrent or persistent) fludarabine refractory or with less than 6 months duration or complete remission (CR) between courses of conventional therapy
  • Multiple myeloma (progressive disease after autologous stem cell transplant, tandem allogeneic transplant after prior autologous stem cell transplant)
  • Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia (failed one standard regimen)
  • High grade NHL and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL)
  • Not eligible for conventional myeloablative HSCT OR failed autologous HSCT
  • First remission lymphoblastic lymphoma, or small, non-cleaved cell lymphoma or mantle cell lymphoma


  • Received and failed front-line therapy
  • Failed or were not eligible for autologous transplantation DONOR: Permissible human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matching: related donors
  • single antigen mismatch at HLA A, B, or DRB1; unrelated donors
  • a single antigen mismatch at HLA A, B, or C, +/- additional single allele level mismatch at A, B, V or DRB1
  • Minimum goal for peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) dose is 2 x 10^6 CD34+ cells/kg of recipient weight; minimum goal for the marrow dose is 1 x 10^8 nucleated cells/kg of recipient weight
  • No serious uncontrolled psychiatric illness
  • No concomitant active malignancy that would be expected to require chemotherapy within 3 years of transplant (other than non-melanoma skin cancer)
  • Non-pregnant and non-nursing woman; (women or men with reproductive potential should agree to use an effective means of birth control)
  • Patients who have failed a prior autologous or allogeneic transplant are eligible; however, at least 90 days must have elapsed between the start of this reduced intensity conditioning regimen and the last transplant if patient had a prior autologous or myeloablative allogeneic bone marrow transplant (BMT)
  • At least 2 weeks since prior chemotherapy, radiation treatment and/or surgery
  • Informed consent

DONOR: Compatibility at the four most informative HLA loci:

A, B, C and DRB1 are important for reducing the risk of GVHD and successful transplant outcomes; the A, B, C and DRB1 loci comprise 8 possible alleles (a haplotype being inherited from each parent); one additional locus, HLA-DQ, is also typed to ascertain haplotypes and assist in the search for a compatible donor; however mismatching at DQ has not been shown to be associated with adverse outcomes; high resolution molecular typing (at the allele level) is now the standard of care for unrelated donor searches and allows greater refinement of the search strategy

DONOR: Matched related donor:

a single antigen mismatch at A, B, or the DR transplant from a family member is associated with a higher risk of GVHD but similar overall survival when compared to full identity at these 3 regions; related donor/recipient pairs must be matched at 5 of 6 HLA antigens (A, B, DRB1)

DONOR: Unrelated Donor:

When evaluating patients for unrelated donor transplant, the higher degree of matching, the lower risk of GvHD; the A, B, C, DRB1 and DQB1 loci, comprising 10 possible antigen (with alleles), will be typed for all unrelated transplants; given the higher risk of TRM in mismatched transplants, RIT is often the best way to mitigate the risk; data from the National Marrow Donor Program makes it possible to estimate the risk of donor-recipient HLA mismatch at the allele or antigen level; the higher risk from HLA-mismatching must be balanced against the clinical urgency and the patient's risk by the transplant team; at this time, antigen level mismatches at DQB1 do not affect outcomes and will not be used for matching purposes for donor selection; thus, the matching required will be at the HLA A, B, C and DRB1 (8 loci); for this protocol, a single antigen mismatch at the HLA A, B, C, with or without additional single allele level mismatch may participate in this protocol for voluntary unrelated donors (blood or marrow) DONOR: Donor must be healthy and have non-reactive test results for all infectious disease assays as required by state and federal regulations; donors who screen seropositive for hepatitis an/or syphilis must be cleared by infectious disease consultation DONOR: Donor must have no uncontrolled cardiopulmonary, renal, endocrine, hepatic or psychiatric disease to render donation unsafe DONOR: The donor (or parent in minor) must give informed consent for peripheral blood stem cell collection or bone marrow collection DONOR: Syngeneic donors are not eligible DONOR: Donors who have poor peripheral venous access, may require central venous line placement for stem cell apheresis

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Uncontrolled central nervous system (CNS) disease (for hematologic malignancies)
  • Karnofsky (adult) or Lansky (for =< 16 years) performance status < 50%
  • Diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) < 40% predicted, corrected for hemoglobin and/or alveolar ventilation
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction < 40% - Bilirubin >= 3 X upper limit of normal
  • Liver alkaline phosphatase >= 3 x upper limit of normal
  • Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) or serum glutamic pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) >= 3 x upper limit of normal
  • Child's class B and C liver failure
  • Calculated creatinine clearance < 40 cc/min by the modified Cockroft-Gault formula for adults or the Schwartz formula for pediatrics
  • Patients who have received maximally allowed doses (given in 2 Gy fractionations, or equivalent) of previous radiation therapy to various organs as follows: * Mediastinum: adult -40, pediatric (=<18 yrs) - 21 * Heart: adult 36, pediatric - 26 * Whole lung(s): adult - 12, pediatric - 10 * Small bowel: adult - 46, pediatric - 40 * Kidneys: adult - 12, pediatric - 10 * Whole liver: adult - 20, pediatric - 20 * Spinal cord: adult - 36, pediatric - 36 * Whole Brain: adult 30, pediatric - 30
  • Patients who previously have received a higher than allowed dose of radiation to a small lung, liver, and brain volume, will be evaluated by the radiation oncologist to determine if the patient is eligible for study
  • Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, active serious infection or other condition which, in the opinion of treating physician, would make this protocol unreasonably hazardous for the patient
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive
  • Patients who in the opinion of the treating physician are unlikely to comply with the restrictions of allogeneic stem cell transplantation based on formal psychosocial screening
  • Female of childbearing potential with a positive pregnancy test

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01529827

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United States, New York
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Buffalo, New York, United States, 14263
Sponsors and Collaborators
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
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Principal Investigator: George Chen Roswell Park Cancer Institute
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Roswell Park Cancer Institute:
Informed Consent Form  [PDF] September 20, 2014

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Responsible Party: Roswell Park Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01529827    
Other Study ID Numbers: I 177110
NCI-2011-03563 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
First Posted: February 9, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 2, 2017
Last Update Posted: September 24, 2019
Last Verified: September 2019
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Burkitt Lymphoma
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Multiple Myeloma
Lymphoma, Follicular
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Neoplasm Metastasis
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Hodgkin Disease
Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone
Lymphoma, T-Cell
Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral
Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Immunoblastic
Plasmablastic Lymphoma
Mycosis Fungoides
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic
Sezary Syndrome
Leukemia, T-Cell
Lymphoma, T-Cell, Cutaneous