This site became the new ClinicalTrials.gov on June 19th. Learn more.
Show more
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more...
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu IMPORTANT: Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more...
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu
Give us feedback

Effect of Xylitol on Oral Microbiota in Children

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
University of Turku
University of Michigan
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eino Honkala, Kuwait University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01528969
First received: January 24, 2012
Last updated: July 14, 2015
Last verified: July 2015
  Purpose
  1. The present controlled, randomized, doubleblind study aims to answer the following questions:

    • How will the "normal flora" be affected by the xylitol consumption?
    • Will daily consumption of xylitol change the plaque-saliva distribution of the mutans streptococci?
    • The association of the test results will also be compared with the caries status at the baseline.
  2. About eighty subjects with MS counts of log CFU 5 or more will be identified and invited to the study. They will be randomly divided into a Xylitol and Sorbitol group.
  3. Xylitol/Sorbitol gum (6g polyol/day) will be used for 5 weeks. Saliva samples will be collected before and after gum use.
  4. Studying and quantifying of 16 bacterial species belonging to the normal flora by DNA-DNA hybridizations and Real-time PCR will show how xylitol influenced the oral flora in general.

Condition Intervention Phase
Bacterial Infections Dietary Supplement: xylitol Dietary Supplement: sorbitol Phase 1 Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Effect of the Frequent Xylitol Chewing Gum Use on the Oral Microbiota in Children With High MS Counts

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Eino Honkala, Kuwait University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • MS Counts of Stimulated Saliva [ Time Frame: 5 weeks ]
    The MS counts were measured at the beginning and in the end of the 5 weeks intervention


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • The Changes in the Counts of the 14 Other Bacterial Species [ Time Frame: 5 weeks ]
    The bacterial species were measured from stimulated saliva at the beginning and after the intervention


Enrollment: 122
Study Start Date: March 2012
Study Completion Date: May 2012
Primary Completion Date: April 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Xylitol
A half of the subjects will be randomly allocated into xylitol group.
Dietary Supplement: xylitol
Subjects will chew 2 pieces of xylitol chewing gum (1,5 g/pellet) three times a day in the experimental group for a five-week period.
Other Names:
  • Xylitol chewing gum
  • Sorbitol chewing gum
Active Comparator: Sorbitol
About 40 randomly allocated subjects will chew sorbitol chewing gum (1,5, g/pellet) three times a day
Dietary Supplement: sorbitol
Subjects will chew 2 pieces of sorbitol chewing gum (1,5 g/pellet) three times a day in the control group for a five-week period.
Other Name: Sorbitol chewing gum

Detailed Description:

Xylitol, a 5-carbon polyol, has in clinical studies prevented caries occurrence in children and decreased counts of mutans streptococci (MS) and the amount of plaque when used on daily basis. How xylitol influences mutans streptococci is far from clear. Also the effects of xylitol on the normal flora are poorly understood.

The present controlled, randomized, doubleblind study aims to answer the following questions:

  1. How will the "normal flora" be affected by the xylitol consumption?
  2. Will daily consumption of xylitol change the plaque-saliva distribution of the mutans streptococci?
  3. The association of the test results will also be compared with the caries status at the baseline.

After collecting informed consent forms from the parents, about 177 children will be screened for the presence of salivary mutans streptococci (SM) with chairside test, Dentocult SM® Strip mutans (Orion Diagnostica, Finland).

Sorbitol is regarded as an inert polyol. Xylitol/Sorbitol gum (6g polyol/day) will be used for 5 weeks. Saliva samples will be collected before and after gum use. Studying and quantifying of 16 bacterial species belonging to the normal flora by DNA-DNA hybridizations and Real-time PCR will show how xylitol influenced the oral flora in general. Comparison of MS counts in unstimulated vs. stimulated saliva will show how xylitol affected the adhesivity of the MS.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   11 Years to 14 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • high SM count

Exclusion Criteria:

  • low SM count,
  • ongoing medication
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01528969

Locations
Kuwait
Faculty of Dentistry, Kuwait University
Kuwait, Kuwait
Sponsors and Collaborators
Kuwait University
University of Turku
University of Michigan
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Eino Honkala, PhD Faculty of Dentistry, Kuwait University
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Eino Honkala, Professor, Kuwait University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01528969     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DD02/10
KU-DD02/10 ( Other Grant/Funding Number: Kuwait University )
Study First Received: January 24, 2012
Results First Received: March 30, 2015
Last Updated: July 14, 2015

Keywords provided by Eino Honkala, Kuwait University:
oral microbiota
mutans streptococci
xylitol

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Bacterial Infections
Sorbitol
Cathartics
Gastrointestinal Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 21, 2017