The Efficacy of Aspirin in the Postoperative Period in Vascular Surgery
The purpose of this study is to determine the incidence of aspirin resistance in the population of vascular surgery patients; and to evaluate the changes in the efficacy of aspirin in the first five postoperative days.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Efficacité du Traitement antiagrégant Par Acide acétylsalicylique en Chirurgie Vasculaire mesurée Par agrégométrie Par impédance|
|Study Start Date:||September 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Patients undergoing vascular surgery
About 15% of the general population shows resistance to the antiplatelet effects of aspirin, due to genetic polymorphisms and other factors. This resistance is a cause of increased myocardial infarction and death in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions. Aspirin resistance can be detected by whole blood impedance aggregometry using the Multiplate® analyzer. The population of patients undergoing vascular surgery is at particular risk of suffering myocardial infarction in the perioperative period because of the high prevalence of risk factors. Most of these patients are treated by aspirin, as a measure of primary or secondary prevention. In this study we aim to establish baseline aspirin efficacy, as measured by the Multiplate® analyzer, in this high-risk population and evaluate the changes in aspirin efficacy over the first five days of the postoperative period. It is our hypothesis that the state of chronic inflammation, accompanying severe, generalized atherosclerosis results in a higher incidence of aspirin resistance in this population. Also, the surgical trauma and postoperative thrombocytosis may reduce the efficacy of aspirin in the postoperative period, partially explaining the increased incidence of postoperative myocardial infarction in this population.
In whole blood impedance aggregometry, the electrical impedance of the blood sample is measured by placing two electrodes in the recipient. After the addition of a platelet activator, the impedance will increase as platelets accumulate on the electrodes surfaces. Several activators, testing the patency of different platelet receptors can be used.
In this study, blood will be drawn on the day of surgery, and daily until the fifth postoperative day. Arachidonic acid, ADP, TRAP-6 and collagen will be used as activators. The first specifically tests the platelets reactivity to thromboxane A2. Aspirin inhibits this pathway, and the increase in impedance should therefore be limited in patients treated by this drug. The three other tests will be performed to evaluate the evolution of overall platelet reactivity in the postoperative period.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01432652
|University of Lausanne Hospitals|
|Lausanne, Vaud, Switzerland, 1011|