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Safety and Efficacy of Anamorelin HCl in Patients With Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer-Cachexia (ROMANA 2)

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Helsinn Therapeutics (U.S.), Inc Identifier:
First received: June 30, 2011
Last updated: September 21, 2015
Last verified: September 2015
The administration of Anamorelin in patients with Stage III-IV non-small cell lung cancer-cachexia (NSCLC-C) is expected to increase appetite, lean body mass, weight gain, and muscle strength.

Condition Intervention Phase
Cachexia Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Drug: Anamorelin HCl Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Anamorelin HCl in the Treatment of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer-Cachexia (NSCLC-C): A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Multicenter Phase III Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Anamorelin HCl in Patients With NSCLC-C

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Helsinn Therapeutics (U.S.), Inc:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Evaluate the effect of Anamorelin on lean body mass as measured by DXA scan [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  • Evaluate the effect of Anamorelin on muscle strength as measured by hand-grip strength [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To evaluate the effect of Anamorelin HCl on body weight [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  • To evaluate the effect of Anamorelin HCl on quality of life as assessed using the FACIT-F (Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue) and the FAACT (Functional Assessment of Anorexia/Cachexia Treatment) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  • To evaluate the effect of Anamorelin HCl on overall survival [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]

Enrollment: 495
Study Start Date: July 2011
Study Completion Date: February 2015
Primary Completion Date: November 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: 100 mg QD
Investigational: Anamorelin HCl; 100 mg tablets; oral administration QD for 12 weeks, at least 1 hour before the first meal of the day.
Drug: Anamorelin HCl
Anamorelin HCL 100 mg will be orally administered daily at least 1 hour prior to meal
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo tablets identical in appearance to active tablets; oral administration once daily
Drug: Placebo
Placebo tablets identical in appearance to active tablets; oral administration QD for 12 weeks, at least 1 hour prior to meal before the first meal of the day.

Detailed Description:
This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study to assess the safety and efficacy of Anamorelin in patients with non-small cell lung cancer-cachexia (NSCLC-C). The primary efficacy analysis will include the treatment difference in the change in lean body mass and physical function.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Documented diagnosis of unresectable Stage III or Stage IV NSCLC
  • Patients may be receiving maintenance chemotherapy
  • Patients planning to initiate a new chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy regimen may do so only within ± 14 days of randomization
  • Patients may have completed a chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy and/or have no plan to initiate a new regimen within 12 weeks from randomization; at least 14 days must elapse from the completion of the chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy prior to randomization
  • Involuntary weight loss of ≥5% body weight within 6 months prior to screening or a screening body mass index (BMI) <20 kg/m2
  • Body mass index ≤30 kg/m2
  • Life expectancy of >4 months at time of screening
  • ECOG performance status ≤2
  • Adequate hepatic function, defined as AST and ALT levels ≤5 x upper limit of normal
  • Adequate renal function, defined as creatinine ≤2 x upper limit of normal, or calculated creatinine clearance >30 ml/minute
  • Ability to understand and comply with the procedures for the HGS evaluation
  • If a woman of childbearing potential or a fertile man, he/she must agree to use an effective form of contraception during the study and for 30 days following the last dose of study drug (an effective form of contraception is abstinence, a hormonal contraceptive, or a double-barrier method)
  • Must be willing and able to give signed informed consent and, in the opinion of the Investigator, to comply with the protocol tests and procedures

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Other forms of lung cancer (e.g., small cell, mesothelioma)
  • Women who are pregnant or breast-feeding
  • Known HIV, hepatitis (B&C), or active tuberculosis
  • Had major surgery (central venous access placement and tumor biopsies are not considered major surgery) within 4 weeks prior to randomization; patients must be well recovered from acute effects of surgery prior to screening; patients should not have plans to undergo major surgical procedures during the treatment period
  • Currently taking prescription medications intended to increase appetite or treat weight loss; these include, but are not limited to, testosterone, androgenic compounds, megestrol acetate, methylphenidate, and dronabinol
  • Inability to readily swallow oral tablets; patients with severe gastrointestinal disease (including esophagitis, gastritis, malabsorption, or obstructive symptoms) or intractable or frequent vomiting are excluded
  • Has an active, uncontrolled infection
  • Has uncontrolled diabetes mellitus
  • Has untreated clinically relevant hypothyroidism
  • Has known or symptomatic brain metastases
  • Receiving strong CYP3A4 inhibitors within 14 days of randomization
  • Receiving tube feedings or parenteral nutrition (either total or partial); patients must have discontinued these treatments for at least 6 weeks prior to Day 1, and throughout the study duration
  • Other clinical diagnosis, ongoing or intercurrent illness that in the Investigator's opinion would prevent the patient's participation
  • Has had previous exposure to Anamorelin HCl
  • Patients actively receiving a concurrent investigational agent
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01387282

  Show 47 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Helsinn Therapeutics (U.S.), Inc
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Helsinn Therapeutics (U.S.), Inc Identifier: NCT01387282     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HT-ANAM-302
Study First Received: June 30, 2011
Last Updated: September 21, 2015

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Weight Loss
Body Weight Changes
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms processed this record on June 23, 2017