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A Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Ustekinumab in Patients With Moderately to Severely Active Crohn's Disease Who Have Failed or Are Intolerant to Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) Antagonist Therapy (UNITI-1)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01369329
First received: June 7, 2011
Last updated: October 14, 2016
Last verified: October 2016
  Purpose
This study (UNITI-1) will compare the effects (both positive and negative) of an initial treatment with ustekinumab to placebo over 8 weeks, in patients with moderately to severely active Crohn's disease who have either failed or could not tolerate at least one TNF-antagonist medications in the past (specifically, infliximab, adalimumab, or certolizumab pegol).

Condition Intervention Phase
Crohn's Disease
IBD
Colitis
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Drug: Group 2 ustekinumab 130 mg
Drug: Group 3: ustekinumab approximately 6 mg/kg
Drug: Group 1: Placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Parallel-group, Multicenter Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Ustekinumab Induction Therapy in Subjects With Moderately to Severely Active Crohn's Disease Who Have Failed or Are Intolerant to TNF Antagonist Therapy (UNITI-1)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Janssen Research & Development, LLC:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Clinical Response at Week 6 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 6 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Clinical response at Week 6 was defined as a reduction from baseline in the Crohn's Disease Activity Index score of greater than or equal (>=) 100 points (in general, CDAI score ranges from 0 to approximately 600; higher score indicates higher disease activities). Participants with a baseline CDAI score of > = 220 to less than or equal (< =) 248 were considered to be in clinical response if a CDAI score of less than (<) 150 was attained. A CDAI score of less than 150 indicates clinical remission. A decrease in CDAI score over time indicates improvement in disease activity.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants in Clinical Remission at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Clinical remission is defined as a CDAI score of less than (<) 150 points at Week 8.

  • Number of Participants in Clinical Response at Week 8 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Clinical response at Week 8 was defined as a reduction from baseline in the Crohn's Disease Activity Index (CDAI) score of greater than or equal (>=) 100 points. Participants with a baseline CDAI score of > = 220 to less than or equal (< =) 248 were considered to be in clinical response if a CDAI score of less than (<) 150 was attained. A CDAI score of less than 150 indicates clinical remission. A decrease in CDAI score over time indicates improvement in disease activity.

  • Number of Participants With Crohn's Disease Activity Index (CDAI) 70-point Response at Week 6 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 6 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    70-point response is defined as at least 70 points reduction in CDAI score. The CDAI score is used to quantify the symptoms of participants with Crohn's Disease. A decrease in CDAI over time indicates improvement in disease activity.

  • Number of Participants With CDAI 70-point Response at Week 3 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    70-point response is defined as at least 70 points reduction in CDAI score. The CDAI score is used to quantify the symptoms of participants with Crohn's Disease. A decrease in CDAI over time indicates improvement in disease activity.


Enrollment: 769
Study Start Date: July 2011
Study Completion Date: July 2013
Primary Completion Date: June 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: 001
Group 1: Placebo Form=solution for injection route=intravenous use in a single dose.
Drug: Group 1: Placebo
Form=solution for injection, route=intravenous use, in a single dose.
Experimental: 002
Group 2 ustekinumab 130 mg Type=exact unit=mg number=130 form=solution for injection route= intravenous use in a single dose.
Drug: Group 2 ustekinumab 130 mg
Type=exact, unit=mg, number=130, form=solution for injection, route= intravenous use, in a single dose.
Experimental: 003
Group 3: ustekinumab approximately 6 mg/kg Type=range unit=mg/kg number=6 form=solution for injection route= intravenous use in a single dose.weight-range based ustekinumab doses approximating ustekinumab 6 mg/kg: 260 mg (weight <= 55 kg) 390 mg (weight > 55 kg and <= 85 kg) and 520 mg (weight > 85 kg).
Drug: Group 3: ustekinumab approximately 6 mg/kg
Type=range, unit=mg/kg, number=6, form=solution for injection, route= intravenous use, in a single dose.weight-range based ustekinumab doses approximating ustekinumab 6 mg/kg: 260 mg (weight <= 55 kg), 390 mg (weight > 55 kg and <= 85 kg), and 520 mg (weight > 85 kg).

Detailed Description:
This study (CNTO1275CRD3001 or "UNITI-1") examines ustekinumab (an antibody medication that inhibits the inflammatory proteins IL-12 and IL-23) versus a placebo (otherwise identical except without the ustekinumab antibody) given intravenously (by an IV) in adults with moderately to severely active Crohn's disease who previously did not respond to, lost response to, or could not tolerate TNF-antagonist medications (specifically, infliximab, adalimumab or certolizumab pegol). Ustekinumab (also known as Stelara) is approved as a treatment for the skin condition of moderate to severe plaque-type psoriasis, but this study will examine if ustekinumab can provide benefit in Crohn's disease and also assess for any risks or side effects. Both the positive and negative outcomes of IV placebo versus two different doses of IV ustekinumab will be tracked and compared over eight weeks, in approximately 703 patients. Patients enrolling in this study will be assigned to one of the 3 treatment groups by chance (randomly, like rolling dice), and all will receive a single IV administration of study agent at the first study visit (after the screening period), and then will be asked to return for 3 additional visits through Week 8. Patients who complete this study through the Week 8 visit and remain eligible can enter the maintenance study (CNTO1275CRD3003 or "IM-UNITI'' [NCT01369355]), where they will receive additional study agent, including the administration of ustekinumab in patients who receive placebo in this study and have not had improvement in their Crohn's disease. Patients who do not enter the CNTO1275CRD3003 study will have a final safety follow-up visit approximately 20 weeks after they received study agent when they entered into this study at the Week 0 visit. .All patients will receive a single intravenous (IV) administration of study drug (either placebo or ustekinumab) at the first (week 0) visit when they enter the study.There are 3 treatment groups: Group 1: Placebo; Group 2: ustekinumab 130 mg, Group 3: weight-range based ustekinumab doses approximating ustekinumab 6 mg/kg: 260 mg (weight <= 55 kg), 390 mg (weight > 55 kg and <= 85 kg), and 520 mg (weight > 85 kg).
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Have Crohn's disease of at least 3 months' duration with colitis, ileitis, or ileocolitis, confirmed at some time in the past by radiography, histology, or endoscopy
  • Have active Crohn's disease, defined as a baseline Crohn's Disease Activity Index (CDAI) score of >= 220 and <= 450
  • Have received infliximab, adalimumab, or certolizumab pegol at a dose approved for the treatment of Crohn disease and did not respond initially (ie, primary nonresponse)
  • Or responded initially but then lost response with continued therapy (ie, secondary nonresponse)
  • Or were intolerant to the medication
  • Have screening laboratory test results within protocol-specified parameters.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had any kind of bowel resection within 6 months
  • Are pregnant or planning pregnancy (both men and women) while enrolled in the study or for 20 weeks after receiving study agent
  • Patients who have received infliximab, adalimumab or certolizumab pegol < = 8 weeks before the first administration of study drug
  • Patients with certain complications of Crohn's disease that would make it hard to assess response to study drug
  • Patients with a history of or ongoing chronic or recurrent infectious disease
  • Patients who have previously received a biologic agent targeting IL-12 or IL-23, including but not limited to ustekinumab (CNTO 1275) or briakinumab (ABT-874)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01369329

  Show 177 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Investigators
Study Director: Janssen Research & Development, LLC Clinical Trial Janssen Research & Development, LLC
  More Information

Responsible Party: Janssen Research & Development, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01369329     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR018415  CNTO1275CRD3001  2010-022758-18 
Study First Received: June 7, 2011
Results First Received: August 1, 2016
Last Updated: October 14, 2016
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Janssen Research & Development, LLC:
ustekinumab
moderately to severely active Crohn's Disease
tumor necrosis factor, Stelara
Crohn
Crohn's
IBD
UNITI

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Crohn Disease
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Gastroenteritis
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Pharmaceutical Solutions
Ustekinumab
Dermatologic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on December 09, 2016