Conversion to Antipsychotic Monotherapy (MOPE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01368458
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : June 8, 2011
Last Update Posted : February 9, 2017
Information provided by:
Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research

Brief Summary:

This is a 12-week, with a 32-week follow-up, rater-blind, randomized controlled trial to determine whether patients with chronic schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder receiving two different antipsychotics simultaneously will have any significant change in psychopathology following conversion to antipsychotic monotherapy. Additionally, the effects of conversion to antipsychotic monotherapy will be assessed by neurocognitive tests.

The study will be conducted at the Clinical Research and Evaluation Facility (CREF), a specialized research unit jointly operated by the Nathan S Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research (NKI) and Rockland Psychiatric Center (RPC). Patients will be recruited from the regular in-patient units of RPC and transferred to the CREF. Following baseline assessments, patients will be randomized to continued antipsychotic polypharmacy treatment or to systematic conversion to monotherapy.

Conversion to antipsychotic monotherapy will be assessed across multiple domains of psychopathology using the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS). The primary outcome measure is PANSS total score. The secondary outcome measure is time on medication (all-cause dropouts). Mixed Model Repeated Measures (MMRM) will test the hypothesis that conversion to antipsychotic monotherapy will show minimal change from the control group.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Schizophrenia Schizoaffective Disorder Other: Conversion to Antipsychotic Monotherapy Not Applicable

Detailed Description:


Often, treatment resistant schizophrenia patients are treated with high doses of, or polypharmacy with, antipsychotics, or both. There is a lack of systematic evidence for either practice, and this is not recommended by most treatment guidelines. Often polypharmacy results in dosages well above the recommended upper limit of dosage. Recent studies of antipsychotic utilization, have reported that approximately 10-60% of patients are prescribed at least two antipsychotics.

Moreover, antipsychotic treatment carries substantial risks, including the potential development of tardive dyskinesia or metabolic syndrome. Higher doses may expose patients to more adverse events or consequences without any additional therapeutic benefit. Clear benefits of long-term treatment with antipsychotic polypharmacy have rarely been reported, and there is a void of long term double blind, placebo controlled trials.

Antipsychotic polypharmacy remains common, including patients receiving atypical antipsychotics. To our knowledge, no one has published a study of a systematic, randomized controlled conversion to antipsychotic monotherapy for patients with chronic schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder receiving atypical antipsychotic polypharmacy.


Hospitalized patients with DSM-IV-TR schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder meeting the following criteria: (1) at least two antipsychotics, (2) stable dosages for at least one month prior to baseline, (3) baseline dosages of at least one of the antipsychotics are at least olanzapine 15 mg, ziprasidone 120 mg, quetiapine 500 mg, risperidone 4 mg, aripiprazole 10 mg, paliperidone 6 mg, any dose of clozapine, or any first generation antipsychotic >300 chlorpromazine equivalents.

After a baseline assessment, patients will be randomized to conversion to antipsychotic monotherapy of one of their two antipsychotics or continued on their combination antipsychotic treatment. Other psychotropics will be left unchanged from baseline, and the prescription of a new psychotropic will not be permitted, excepting lorazepam and benztropine as detailed below.

If a patient is randomized to conversion to monotherapy, then the decision of which of the two baseline antipsychotics to continue will occur as follows:

  1. If one is clozapine, then clozapine will be continued.
  2. In all other cases:

    1. If only one of the antipsychotics is at a dose greater than the above noted doses, then that is one that will be continued.
    2. If both doses are greater than the above noted doses, then there will be a flip of a coin to determine which to continue, with heads equal the one with the higher alphabetic letter and tails equal to the lower.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 24 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Rater-Blind, Controlled, Clinical Trial of Conversion to Antipsychotic Monotherapy vs. Continued Polypharmacy for Patients With Schizophrenia or Schizoaffective Disorder
Study Start Date : December 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Schizophrenia
U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Conversion to mono therapy
Conversion from 2 to 1 antipsychotic
Other: Conversion to Antipsychotic Monotherapy
Patients assigned to the antipsychotic monotherapy group will have the dosage of their secondary (i.e. one due to be reduced) antipsychotic reduced by decreased by approximately 1/3 every 3 weeks. Dosage of the primary antipsychotic will be left unchanged.
No Intervention: control
No change in antipsychotics

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS) total score [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  2. Relapse Rate [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Nurses Observation Scale for Inpatient Evaluation (NOSIE) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  2. Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  3. Simpson-Angus Scale (SAS) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  4. Barnes Akathisia Scale [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  5. MATRICS [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  6. Clinical Global Impression (CGI) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  7. Weight [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  8. Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients aged 18-64 with a SCID DSM-IV-TR diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder, confirmed by SCID, who are able to give written informed consent and on stable dosages of two antipsychotics for at least one month prior to baseline.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Lack of capacity to give informed consent (capacity is determined by a licensed member of the treatment team)
  • unstable medical illness
  • use of long acting injectable preparations of antipsychotic medication in the previous two months
  • documented failure of previous dose reduction
  • current treatment with clozapine
  • addition of any new psychotropic in the previous month
  • patients who are severely assaultive and in clinical need of more than one antipsychotic for their safe management

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01368458

Sponsors and Collaborators
Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research
Principal Investigator: Joshua Kantrowitz, MD Nathan Kline Institute

Responsible Party: Joshua Kantrowitz MD, Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research Identifier: NCT01368458     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 07I/C31
First Posted: June 8, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 9, 2017
Last Verified: February 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Psychotic Disorders
Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders
Mental Disorders
Antipsychotic Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Psychotropic Drugs