AFP - L3% and DCP as Screening Marker for a Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Patients With Cirrhosis of the Liver
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||AFP - L3% and DCP as Screening Marker for a Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Patients With Cirrhosis of the Liver- am Multicenter HCC- Surveillance Study|
- development of HCC [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ]all patients with liver cirrhosis in this clinical trial are examined every 6 months performing ultrasound and measurement of AFP, AFP-L3% and DCP
- comparison of these liver cancer markers (AFP, AFP-L3% and DCP) between men and women [ Time Frame: baseline ]The levels of these liver cancer markers are compared in men and women and it will be evaluated if one marker is superior than the others in men or women.
- comparison of these liver cancer markers (AFP, AFP-L3% and DCP) between different etiologies [ Time Frame: baseline ]The levels of these liver cancer markers are compared between different etiologies and it will be evaluated if one marker is superior than the others in different causes of liver disease
Biospecimen Retention: Samples Without DNA
|Study Start Date:||June 2010|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||September 2014|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|patients with liver cirrhosis|
The incidence of the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is rising worldwide. Usually it arises in patients with liver cirrhosis. That's the reason why these patients should be screened every six months by ultrasound performance and by the measurement of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in order to detect a growing tumor in the cirrhotic liver so that a possible curative treatment may be possible.
In the last years new tumor markers has been identified such as Des-y- carboxyprothromib (DCP) and AFP - L3. AFP in total consists of three different glycoforms (AFP - L1, AFP - L2 and AFP - L3) which all have a different binding affinity to the lens culinaris agglutinin (LCA). Among these glycoproteins AFP - L3 has the highest binding affinity to LCA and occurs predominantly in patients with a HCC whereas the other subtypes can be found rather in patients with benign diseases of the liver such as a chronic hepatitis or cirrhosis of the liver.
Some studies have shown that high serum levels of AFP - L3 can be associated with a reduced function of the liver, low differentiation and a high malignancy of the HCC. Furthermore HCC - nodules with a diameter smaller than 2 cm could be detected by rising AFP - L3 serum levels. Moreover there are significant differences in AFP - L3 serum levels in patients with cirrhosis of the liver without a HCC and those with such a tumor. In conclusion of that rising AFP - L3 serum levels could indicate a newly developed tumour.
Des-y- carboxyprothromib (DCP), which was first described in 1984 by Liebmann et al. is another tumor marker for HCC. In contrast to AFP it is not elevated in patients with a benign disease of the liver. This could be an interesting fact concerning the screening of patients with liver cirrhosis.
In this examination the diagnostic value of AFP, AFP - L3% and DCP should be evaluated. An important aim of this prospective clinical trial is to define the specificity of these serum markers alone and in combination. If a patient develops a primary liver tumor the course of the tumor markers before the development of the tumor will be analysed. Furthermore it will be examined which parameters will lead to false positive DCP values (especially chronic kidney disease or application of phenprocoumon). During 2 years approximately 150 patients in each center with approved cirrhosis of the liver will be enrolled. According to the normal screening procedure serum samples will be collected for the measurement of AFP, AFP- L3% and DCP. If a suspected tumor nodule is detected, a confirmation of the diagnosis "HCC" according to the AASLD- criteria is needed. These patients will be excluded from the examination and will be treated according to the actual guidelines.
The aim is to improve the early diagnosis of a HCC so that curative treatment opportunities can be done.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01361061
|University Medical Center Freiburg|
|Freiburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, 79106|
|University Medical Center Heidelberg|
|Heidelberg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, 69120|
|University Medical Center Mainz|
|Mainz, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany, 55131|
|Principal Investigator:||Hans Christian Spangenberg, Prof. Dr.||University Medical Center Freiburg|