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Decitabine and Plerixafor in Elderly Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01352650
First Posted: May 12, 2011
Last Update Posted: March 3, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
Genzyme, a Sanofi Company
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
  Purpose
The hypothesis of this proposal is that combining plerixafor, an inhibitor of stromal cell derived factor - 1α (SDF-1α), with decitabine, a DNA methyltransferase inhibitor, as induction and postremission therapy for older patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) will improve treatment outcomes via mobilization of leukemia stem cells and alteration of the pharmacodynamics of decitabine. The protocol will establish the safety and feasibility of combining two different doses of plerixafor with a fixed dose and schedule of decitabine.

Condition Intervention Phase
Acute Myeloid Leukemia Drug: plerixafor Drug: decitabine Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Induction Therapy With Decitabine and Plerixafor Priming for Patients ≥ 60 Years With Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Weill Medical College of Cornell University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • response to treatment [ Time Frame: after every cycle (every month) - average subject will be on study for 4-6 months ]
    blood and bone marrow testing will be done to determine response to treatment every month


Enrollment: 71
Actual Study Start Date: June 17, 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Cohort 2B
Cycle 1: decitabine 20 mg/m2 IV daily for a 1-hour infusion on days 1-10 + plerixafor 580 mcg/kg IV on days 1-5 Cycle 2 decitabine 20 mg/m2 IV daily for a 1-hour infusion on days 1-10 Cycle 3: decitabine 20 mg/m2 IV daily for a 1-hour infusion on days 1-10 + plerixafor 580 mcg/kg IV on days 1-5 Cycle 4 decitabine 20 mg/m2 IV daily for a 1-hour infusion on days 1-10
Drug: plerixafor
Cohort 1 will receive plerixafor at a dose of 320 mcg/kg and cohort 2 will receive plerixafor at a dose of 580 mcg/kg. Schedule A will receive plerixafor on the 2nd and 4th cycles and Schedule B will receive plerixafor on the 1st and 3rd cycles of treatment.
Other Name: MOZOBIL
Drug: decitabine
decitabine will be given to all cohorts/schedules at 20 mg/m2 IV daily for a 1-hour infusion on days 1-10 for all cycles
Other Name: Dacogen
Active Comparator: Cohort 2A
Cycle 1: decitabine 20 mg/m2 IV daily for a 1-hour infusion on days 1-10 Cycle 2: decitabine 20 mg/m2 IV daily for a 1-hour infusion on days 1-10 + plerixafor 580 mcg/kg IV on days 1-5 Cycle 3: decitabine 20 mg/m2 IV daily for a 1-hour infusion on days 1-10 Cycle 4: decitabine 20 mg/m2 IV daily for a 1-hour infusion on days 1-10 + plerixafor 580 mcg/kg IV on days 1-5
Drug: plerixafor
Cohort 1 will receive plerixafor at a dose of 320 mcg/kg and cohort 2 will receive plerixafor at a dose of 580 mcg/kg. Schedule A will receive plerixafor on the 2nd and 4th cycles and Schedule B will receive plerixafor on the 1st and 3rd cycles of treatment.
Other Name: MOZOBIL
Drug: decitabine
decitabine will be given to all cohorts/schedules at 20 mg/m2 IV daily for a 1-hour infusion on days 1-10 for all cycles
Other Name: Dacogen
Active Comparator: Cohort 1B
Cycle 1: decitabine 20 mg/m2 IV daily for a 1-hour infusion on days 1-10 + plerixafor 320 mcg/kg IV on days 1-5 Cycle 2: decitabine 20 mg/m2 IV daily for a 1-hour infusion on days 1-10 Cycle 3: decitabine 20 mg/m2 IV daily for a 1-hour infusion on days 1-10 + plerixafor 320 mcg/kg IV on days 1-5 Cycle 4: decitabine 20 mg/m2 IV daily for a 1-hour infusion on days 1-10
Drug: plerixafor
Cohort 1 will receive plerixafor at a dose of 320 mcg/kg and cohort 2 will receive plerixafor at a dose of 580 mcg/kg. Schedule A will receive plerixafor on the 2nd and 4th cycles and Schedule B will receive plerixafor on the 1st and 3rd cycles of treatment.
Other Name: MOZOBIL
Drug: decitabine
decitabine will be given to all cohorts/schedules at 20 mg/m2 IV daily for a 1-hour infusion on days 1-10 for all cycles
Other Name: Dacogen
Active Comparator: Cohort 1A
Cycle 1: decitabine 20 mg/m2 IV daily for a 1-hour infusion on days 1-10 Cycle 2: decitabine 20 mg/m2 IV daily for a 1-hour infusion on days 1-10 + plerixafor 320 mcg/kg IV on days 1-5 Cycle 3: decitabine 20 mg/m2 IV daily for a 1-hour infusion on days 1-10 Cycle 4: decitabine 20 mg/m2 IV daily for a 1-hour infusion on days 1-10 + plerixafor 320 mcg/kg IV on days 1-5
Drug: plerixafor
Cohort 1 will receive plerixafor at a dose of 320 mcg/kg and cohort 2 will receive plerixafor at a dose of 580 mcg/kg. Schedule A will receive plerixafor on the 2nd and 4th cycles and Schedule B will receive plerixafor on the 1st and 3rd cycles of treatment.
Other Name: MOZOBIL
Drug: decitabine
decitabine will be given to all cohorts/schedules at 20 mg/m2 IV daily for a 1-hour infusion on days 1-10 for all cycles
Other Name: Dacogen

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Unequivocal pathologic diagnosis of AML (≥ 20% blasts in the bone marrow based on WHO criteria) excluding: i) acute promyelocytic leukemia t(15;17)(q22;q12); PML-RARA; ii)acute myeloid leukemia with t(8;21)(q22;q22); RUNX1-RUNXT1; iii) acute myeloid leukemia with inv(16)(p13.1;q22) or t(16;16)(p13.1;q22); CBFB-MYH11.
  • AML patients with an antecedent hematologic disorder or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)are eligible for treatment on this trial provided that they have not received prior treatment with decitabine or prior cytotoxic treatment for AML.
  • AML patients with therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (t-MN) are eligible if they have not received chemotherapy (not including hormonal therapy) for their primary malignancy or disorder for >6 months.
  • Age ≥ 60 years.
  • Ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior treatment with decitabine
  • Prior treatment with plerixafor
  • Ongoing treatment for another malignancy.
  • Patients with good-risk molecular or cytogenetics features
  • Patient has a medical condition or illness considered by the investigator to constitute an unwarranted high risk for investigational drug treatment.
  • Patient has a psychiatric disorder or altered mental status that would preclude understanding of the informed consent process and/or completion of the necessary studies.
  • Patient has an inability or unwillingness, in the opinion of the investigator, to comply with the protocol requirements.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01352650


Locations
United States, New York
Weill Cornell Medical College
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Genzyme, a Sanofi Company
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Gail Roboz, MD Weill Medical College of Cornell University
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Weill Medical College of Cornell University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01352650     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1104011617
First Submitted: April 18, 2011
First Posted: May 12, 2011
Last Update Posted: March 3, 2017
Last Verified: March 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by Weill Medical College of Cornell University:
leukemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Decitabine
Azacitidine
JM 3100
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents